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ECDPM's Weekly Compass update

European Centre for Development Policy Management Weekly Newsletter
25 September 2014

 
Melissa Julian

Head of Communications 
mj@ecdpm.org


 
Dear <<First name>>,

The Weekly Compass arrives a day earlier than normal as I will be on leave tomorrow.

European Parliament Committee hearings with the Commissioner-designates will be held next week (they will be livestreamed). The hearing for Development Commissioner-designate, Neven Mimica, will be in the Development Committee on 29 September from 18:00-21:00. Cecelia Malmstrom, Trade Commissioner-designate, will face the International Trade Committee on 29 September from 13:30-16:30. Federica Mogherini, EU High Representative/EC Vice President-designate, hearing with Foreign Affairs Committee will be held on 6 October from 18:30-21:30.

Tomorrow is the due date for written answers to the European Parliament questions to be provided by European Commissioner-designates. The answers are due to be published on 29 September and will be posted on The Filter.

The European Commission announced that European Commissioners will do the communicating in the 2014-19 term. The number of Commission spokespeople will be reduced to ten and they will represent policy topics rather than individual commissioners. There will be one person in each commissioner’s cabinet in charge of communications, but this person will not be dealing directly with the media as a spokesperson.

All the best,

Melissa

 

Editor’s Pick

Run-up to 2015: A Moment of Truth for EU External Climate Action?

EU leaders arrived at this week’s UN Climate Summit with a weakened negotiating position. Despite ambitious funding targets and a range of foreign policy tools to push the climate change agenda, EU leaders are struggling to find common ground on binding targets for renewable energy, greenhouse gas emissions cuts and energy efficiency for 2030. This ECDPM Briefing Note by Alisa Herrero Cangas and Hanne Knaepen assesses how well the EU is equipped to conduct climate diplomacy in the run up to the 2015 Paris meeting of the Conference of the Parties which will negotiate a comprehensive, universal and legally binding agreement on climate change. They also reflect on the possible impacts of the Juncker Commission on EU climate leadership and what needs to be done do to ensure that the EU delivers on both sustainable development and global climate goals at this pivotal point in history.

 

Policy News

Post-2015 Means of Implementation: What Are We Trying to Win?

Until recently, 95% of the bandwidth for talking and thinking about the post-2015 development agenda was focused on goals and targets. Now that the Open Working Group on the post-2015 agenda has reported, policymakers and opinion-formers are starting to think more seriously about the ‘how’ as opposed to the ‘what’ -  and what the overall political outcome on means of implementation (MOI) might look like by the end of next year. This note by Alex Evans, a Senior Fellow at the Center on International Cooperation at New York University, sets out a ‘straw man’ of possible elements of a feasible international political deal on MOI. The working draft document lays out a longer menu of other potential policy options, all of which are intended to be stretching, but also potentially winnable in the current political context.

 

GREAT insights: Financing Development

This issue of ECDPM’s GREAT insights magazine aims to address the constant question asked by developing countries: how to finance development? In a rapidly evolving world, the challenge of finding answers to this question is taking new dimensions. The future of financing development, including in frameworks such as the post-2015 agenda and the African Agenda 2063, must build on a greater recognition of developing countries' own strategies to drive and finance their own structural transformation. We asked the African Development Bank’s Chief Economist and Vice President Prof. Mthuli Ncube, European Investment Bank's President Werner Hoyer, NEPAD's Director of Corporate Services, as well as representatives from OECD, ODI, World Bank, AFRODAD and others to give their opinions and ideas on how to tackle the development finance question.

 

ACP Cooperation Policy Examined

With the Africa, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP)-EU Partnership Agreement ending in the year 2020, an intensive study was presented to the ACP this week on the outlook for for a cohesive cooperation policy for the 79 member countries. The study suggests the ACP focus cooperation on private sector development and sustainable resource management. The study also explores the possibilities of the ACP Group forming cooperation partnerships with other countries in addition to the one with the EU.

 

Peace and Capable Institutions as Stand-alone Goals in the Post-2015 Development Agenda

A g7+ High Level meeting was held this week. The Chair of the g7+ outlined the case for peace and capable institution goals noting that “unless and until, we collectively achieve peaceful societies and strong institutions in fragile and conflict affected states, achieving sustainable development will remain elusive in g7+ countries.” The Prime Minister of Timor-Leste H.E. Kay Rala Xanana Gusmão spoke of the experience of his own country. He said “The truth we have learned through bitter experience in Timor-Leste, is that you must have peace – before you can even begin to rebuild a state.” He pointed out that “there was not a Millennium Development Goal that addressed this fundamental truth” and warned “we must ensure we do not ignore the obvious, as we work together to formulate the post-2015 development agenda.” An outcome document and other resources will be posted soon.

 

Small Islands – Big Challenges: Building on the Samoa Pathway

To what extent can we expect that the major concerns of Small Island Developing States (SIDS) will be addressed by global institutions? ECDPM and the Eastern Caribbean States Embassy will host a symposium on 7 October to discuss this issue. The meeting, with panelists from SIDS countries and the European External Action Service, will also consider how SIDS can play a decisive role in global fora where issues of vital interest to them are discussed and the role the EU can play in climate change discussions and in the Post 2015 development agenda where SIDS are concerned. The meeting will also be livestreamed.

 
For more, see The Filter
 
      

 

Recent and Upcoming Events

New actions to tackle climate change were announced by government, business, finance and civil society leaders attending Tuesday’s Climate Summit. International players announced their vision and commitment for reaching a universal and meaningful climate agreement in 2015, as well as announcements on actions that will reduce emissions, enhance resistance to climate change and mobilise financing for climate action. Leaders reaffirmed determination to limit global temperature rise to less than 2 degrees Celsius by cutting emissions. The targets are meant to help prepare a 200-nation summit in Paris in late 2015 to finalise a deal to slow global warming.

Governments, investors and financial institutions pledged to mobilise $200 billion by the end of next year for low-carbon programmes in developing countries, giving a significant boost to the United Nations goal of reaching $100 billion annually by 2020. They also pledged commitments to transform agricultural practices by increasing productivity while reducing carbon emissions. Governments announced they would join the newly launched Global Alliance for Climate-Smart Agriculture, which aims to enable 500 million farmers worldwide to practice climate-smart agriculture.

The United Nations launched negotiations yesterday on the draft set of 17 sustainable development goals (SDGs) (and 169 targets) covering ending poverty and hunger, improving health, education and gender equality, reducing inequality, making cities safe, addressing climate change and promoting peaceful societies. It is hoped that the goals will encourage a more holistic approach to development at national and international level, and offer a chance for more partnerships and collaboration. Crucially, the next set of goals will be universal, which means all countries will be required to consider them when crafting their national policies. A committee of experts on sustainable development financing says public financing and donor aid will be central to support the implementation of the SDGs, but that money generated from the private sector, through tax reforms, and through a crackdown on illicit financial flows and corruption were vital.

European Commission President José Manuel Barroso co-signed joint declarations to reinforce energy cooperation with five African countries: Cape Verde, Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, Togo and Rwanda. These agreements will aim to increase access to sustainable energy sources, even in rural areas where the needs are the greatest.

The East African Community (EAC) reached a common position on the Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) with the European Union. Negotiations will now be held with the European Union to jointly agree the trade agreement. The deadline for African countries to sign Economic Partnership Agreements with the European Union is Wednesday, 1 October. Non-LDC exporters of the bloc will from October 1 start paying taxes on goods entering the EU, until the ratification of the EPA which could take six months to complete.

The European Commission is launching a debate on new financial opportunities to support rural electrification in developing countries. This workshop on 29-30 September will bring together a broad range of stakeholders to discuss possibilities for joint efforts by the private sector and civil society organisations, among other things. One of the objectives will be to identify successful business models for a faster roll-out of energy access in rural communities.

The Institute for Security Studies Africa is hosting a livestreamed event on why the future of peacebuilding matters to Africa on 1 October. The meeting will discuss why despite the recognition that peacebuilding is important in post-conflict countries, strategies are still often designed on the basis of assumptions that lack empirical evidence.This leads to wider challenges in the process of achieving sustainable peace, resulting in a wasteful mismatch of resources and ineffective responses in situations where peacebuilding is urgently required.

The Italian EU Presidency and the International Organization for Migration are holding an International Workshop on Integrating Migration into Development on 2-3 October. The event will focus on the interrelations between migration and the three pillars of sustainable development (economic, social and environmental), including valuable contributions of migrants to development.

On Monday, ECDPM’s Geert Laporte will be on the panel of a Swedish Development Forum seminar “Organizing a Global Giant: Challenges for EU´s Development Policy”. The meeting will consider if the European External Action Service has strengthened the EU on the global stage by carrying out its common foreign and security policy and the challenges for the EU´s next foreign policy chief. It will also discuss the role of development policy within the EEAS. The meeting will be livestreamed.

Faten Aggad-Clerx will moderate the session on the ‘Fourth EU-Africa Summit – Assessment and way forward’ at next week’s Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung International Conference on “EU-Africa after the 4th Summit – Finding Common Ground” in Addis. The meeting will analyse the Summit and its likely effects on the partnership for the future and identify issues of common concern that have the potential to foster political dialogue and produce results until the next summit.

Isabelle Ramdoo will be a panelist for a session organised by the Kenya Human Rights Commission (KHRC) at the ”WTO Public Forum 2014: Why Trade matters to Everyone” in Geneva. The meeting will showcase the myriad connections between trade and people’s daily lives and demonstrate how trade impacts and improves the day-to-day lives of citizens around the globe, whether in developed or developing countries.

Jeske van Seters and Lesley-Anne van Wyk will attend the Information for Meeting Africa’s Agricultural Transformation and Food Security Goals (IMAAFS) meeting in Addis.  The goal of the conference – co-organized by the African Union Commission and the Economic Commission for Africa, the Food and Agriculture Organisation and others – is to identify key opportunities, challenges and solutions for satisfying the unmet need for strategic information and related capacities to inform the continent’s agricultural transformation and hunger eradication goals.

Kathleen van Hove will attend The Association of European Parliamentarians with Africa (AWEPA) seminar on “Managing Migration for Development: The Need for International Dialogue and the Role of Parliaments” in Midrand. The seminar will stimulate debate and reflection on how national, regional and continental parliaments in Africa and Europe can contribute to the development of governance frameworks that are enabling for development, can be mutually beneficial to countries of origin and destination and ensure the human rights and fundamental freedoms of all persons involved.

Bruce Byiers is attending the EEAS Policy Forum on Development Workshop with the Private Sector on 3 October. Following the adoption of the Commission Communication "A Stronger Role of the Private Sector in Achieving Inclusive and Sustainable Growth in Developing Countries", the objective of this workshop  will be to explore modalities for establishing a more efficient dialogue with  private sector and civil society on development issues.














 

Publisher: The Weekly Compass is produced by ECDPM with financial resources provided by our core and institutional funders: The Netherlands, Belgium, Finland, Ireland, Luxemburg, Portugal, Sweden and Switzerland.

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