ECDPM's Weekly Compass update

European Centre for Development Policy Management Weekly Newsletter
20 June 2016

Melissa Julian

Head of Communications

Dear <<First name>>,

This week’s Editor’s Pick highlights an ECDPM Discussion Paper on Multi-stakeholder partnerships in the gold sector in Ghana.

Our Policy News items include an ECDPM Discussion Paper on cases of EU development and commercial instruments for matchmaking and a presentation on local content in the extractive sector by ECDPM’s Isabelle Ramdoo.

We also announce the publication of ECDPM’s annual report 2015: Making policies work for sustainable global solutions.

ECDPM IS HIRING!  ECDPM and the Centre des études méditerranéennes et internationales (CEMI) are embarking on a 1-year collaboration and are looking for a dynamic young professional to join their team. 

Read further for this and all the latest news on EU-African international cooperation.

All the best,



Editor's Pick 

Photo: Kadema gold mine. Courtesy: Madison Boratto – Flickr

Mining and community-based agribusiness for development: Multi-stakeholder partnerships in the gold sector in Ghana
Multi-stakeholder partnerships, particularly those that combine commercially driven private sector operations with a more socially-grounded community-based approach, are seen as a key means for achieving the 2030 Agenda for sustainable development. This ECDPM Discussion Paper examines Golden Star Resources, and its subsidiary company Golden Star Oil Palm Plantation, in Western Ghana an award-winning partnership that creatively aligns with the local context in rural Ghana, creating income and revenue in the communities outside the mining value chain. Agencies that wish to invest in such multi-stakeholder  partnerships should consider the interests and drivers of all stakeholders. Independent facilitation of corporate social responsibility  can maximise the sustainability and value added of innovation in multi-stakeholder  partnerships.

Policy News 

Photo: Cosmos City housing development. Courtesy: World Bank –Flickr.

Blurred lines: Cases of EU development and commercial instruments for matchmaking
This ECDPM Discussion Paper takes a closer look at three European private sector support programmes – EuroMed Invest, AL-INVEST in Latin America, and the Enterprise Europe Network – with a strong focus on matchmaking, two of which represent development cooperation and one of which has explicitly commercial objectives. The study aims to better understand their potential to serve development interests while trying to seek an answer to the following research question: what are the lessons to be learnt from development and commercial EU matchmaking instruments to engage business for development?
Photo courtesy of: Lindiwe Corporate Services.

Local content in the extractive sector: What opportunities in a challenging global environment?
ECDPM’s Isabelle Ramdoo presentation on local content in the extractive sector, to the recent West African mining and power conference, outlines the current context, opportunities, and critical gaps to be addressed. She stresses that partnership between governments and the private sector is key to ensure sustainable development. Local content partnerships (LCPs) require clear definition and objectives. Effective LCPs also require a holistic approach and should be well targeted, flexible and adaptive and need to assume politically difficult trade-offs.
Woman studying - Riccardo Lennart Niels Mayer iStock

ECDPM annual report 2015: Making policies work for sustainable global solutions
Achieving the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development will require coherent governance approaches at all levels. To manage global challenges, countries need to work together. Negotiating common and competing interests and ensuring that adequate regulations are in place is immensely complex and can only happen through dialogue and joint action. ECDPM’s 2015 Annual Report shows how our way of working can contribute to making this reality. In 2015, we continued to inform European, African and international policies for sustainable solutions in areas such as governance, peace and security, migration, economic transformation and trade, and food security. Beyond policy research and analysis, we also acted as an independent advisor, brought people together, and actively collaborated with our partners to address implementation challenges.

ECDPM and the Centre des études méditerranéennes et internationales (CEMI) are embarking on a 1-year collaboration and are looking for a dynamic young professional to join their team. The Young International Professional will be part of the Africa’s Change Dynamics Programme. The position is for a total period of 12 months. The candidate is expected to spend 6 months in Tunis, Tunisia and 6 months in Maastricht, The Netherlands. Deadline 1 July, 9.00 CET.


Other News

- Although deeply critical of how the European Union has handled the refugee crisis, the economy and Russia, Europeans acknowledge the Brussels-based institution’s rising international prominence and want it to take a more active role in world affairs, according to the PEW Research Center’s “Europeans Face the World Divided”.

Europeans have an increasingly positive attitude about the impact of migration on their countries and views aren’t necessarily affected by net migration, according to a study by the Centre for Social Investigation (CSI) at Oxford University.

- The Cape Town University Graduate School of Development Policy and Practice report on African Economic Integration unpacks the political economy of integration, deepens understanding of the forces favouring and opposing developmental integration, and develops clear strategies to drive the reform agenda forward.

- The latest United Nations Economic Commission for Africa’s country profiles provide assessments focusing on policy analysis, regional integration and economic transformation, and provide a tool for forecasting and risk analysis.

- Interviews with more than 40 EU politicians, diplomats and officials from countries across the EU — critics, supporters, and members of Jean Claude Juncker’s inner circle — as well as an analysis of his travel and meeting schedules, reveal a Commission President who is increasingly on the sidelines.

- A further $5,300 billion of investment is needed to stabilise the concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere below dangerous levels, according to a study by Bloomberg New Energy Finance, an energy consultancy.

- The European Union’s plans to cooperate with Libya’s transitional government on migration policy is harming refugees, says Amnesty International.

- During the first quarter of 2016, 287 100 first time asylum seekers applied for international protection in the Member States of the European Union, down by 33% compared with the fourth quarter of 2015, according to EuroStat.

- Resilience – the capacity of different layers of society to withstand, to adapt to, and to recover quickly from stresses and shocks – has emerged as an answer to the growing complexity of the international security environment. In the EU context, the concept of resilience combines different policy areas: humanitarian aid, development assistance, disaster-risk reduction, climate-change adaptation, conflict prevention and peacebuilding. The aim of building societal resilience still needs to be translated into tangible, practicable measures, says the European Parliament.

- The IMF finds that trade agreements can generate substantial gains, on average an increase of exports by 80 percentage points over ten years. The export gains are higher when emerging markets have trade agreements with advanced markets. There is some evidence that trade agreements can potentially lead to slight import diversion, but not export diversion.

- The World Bank’s “Making global value chains (GVCs) work for development” argues that the participating in GVCs can help developing countries grow, advance, and create jobs, but governments must have the proper policies in place to engage with GVCs in a positive way.

- Eurodad has produced two briefings, one on Development Finance Institutions and public country by country reporting (CBCR), the other on DFIs and public disclosure of beneficial ownership. The briefings put forward general recommendations which aim to inform the debate on the role of DFIs in responsible taxation.

- A record 65 million men, women and children were forced from their homes by war and persecution last year, leaving one in every 112 people a refugee,internally displaced or seeking asylum at the end of 2015, according to UNHCR’s annual global trends study.

- The European Council on Foreign Relations argues that the new EU institutional environment provides less opportunity for the Dutch prime minister to shape policy outcomes by brokering between parties or by shaping political initiatives. The Netherlands, however, is the most influential of the affluent smaller member states.


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Recent events

The EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs outlines the five broad priorities identified for the EU Global Strategy: the European Union must strengthen itself; we need to invest on the resilience of States and societies in and around Europe; an integrated approach to crisis to put an end to the current conflicts in our region and beyond; regional cooperation and strong partnerships with strong partners; and moving towards a better global governance.

The EU agreed on a framework to stop the financing of armed groups through trade in conflict minerals, after negotiations between the Commission, Council and Parliament. It aims for EU companies to source tin, tantalum, tungsten and gold responsibly. These minerals are typically used in everyday products such as mobile phones, cars and jewellery. The technical details of the legislation agreed in principle still need to be worked out. The Dutch Presidency of the Council has pledged to conclude the informal legislative negotiations with the MEPs before its term ends on 1 July. Further political "trilogues" (three-way talks) under the Slovak presidency might be needed to seal the final text of the legislation before it is approved by Parliament in plenary session.

The EU’s Economic and Finance Council (ECOFIN) discussed, with a view to reaching a political agreement, a draft directive addressing some of the practices most commonly used by large companies to reduce their tax liability. In the light of the discussion, the presidency put forward a final compromise text that should be adopted today.

The ECOFIN also discussed work on a proposal aimed at introducing a financial transaction tax  in 10 member states. Work will continue on the dossier during the second half of 2016.

The European Commission adopted six new measures in the Sahel region and the Lake Chad Basin to address the root causes of instability, irregular migration and forced displacement in Africa.

The European Commission adopted its second report on the EU-Turkey Statement showing that while there has been further good progress in its implementation, progress achieved so far remains fragile.

In a joint declaration, the European Commission and the World Bank expressed their commitment to strengthen joint action on sustaining peace and increase development impact in situations affected by fragility, conflict and violence.

ACP-EU Joint Parliamentary Assembly members called for a renewed post-Cotonou architecture to adapt the ACP-EU partnership to new global challenges. They also adopted resolutions on: Common management of ACP-EU migration; Ending impunity for rape and violence against women and children in armed conflicts; Clear election timetable in the DRC; Stepping up trade and cultural exchanges among African countries; and Strengthening governance and participation at local level.

The Mo Ibrahim Foundation announced that there is no winner of the 2015 Ibrahim Prize for Achievement in African Leadership.

The “Guidelines to Protect Migrants in Countries Experiencing Conflict or Natural Disaster” were launched at the UN.

The UN Secretary-General published his report on ‘Trends and progress in international development cooperation’. It was submitted for consideration by the fifth Biennial High-level Meeting of the Development Cooperation Forum in New York, which takes place this July. The report analyses provides actionable recommendations for governments and other stakeholders.

Upcoming events

On the occasion of World Refugee Day, a Joint Statement from European Commissioners calls on all partners to strengthen the international framework for refugee protection and resettlement through global responsibility-sharing and solidarity.

Today’s EU Foreign Affairs Council (FAC) will discuss the EU comprehensive approach to security and development in the Sahel region. The High Representative will brief ministers on the second EU - G5 Sahel ministerial meeting that took place in Brussels last week. The Council is expected to adopt conclusions, with a view to sending a strong message of EU commitment to the region. 

The FAC is expected to authorise the signature and provisional application of the Economic Partnership Agreement between the EU and the East African Community.

Finally, the FAC is also set to adopt conclusions on the need to keep global food and nutrition security at the forefront of the EU development cooperation agenda and to further improve EU and member states coordination in tackling food and nutrition security challenges, notably through joint programming.

EU Environment Ministers today will adopt a statement on the ratification of the Paris Climate Agreement. They will also hold a policy debate on the revision of the emission trading system, one of EU's main tools to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

Tomorrow, the EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs will deliver a keynote speech at the Stocktaking meeting on the implementation of the Valletta Action Plan, in Brussels.

On Friday, the EU’s General Affairs Council will prepare for the European Council on 28-29 June by examining draft conclusions including on migration, particularly the return of economic migrants coming from Africa to Europe via Italy. The Council will also discuss the implementation of the Commission's 2016 work programme and exchange views on legislative programming for 2017 ahead of a Commission letter of intent.

Today and tomorrow, the European Parliament’s Development Committee will discuss their draft report on the future of ACP-EU relations and Economic Partnership Agreements. Watch live or a recording after.

An annual UNECA workshop begins today as a next step in the Integrated Resources Corridor Initiative. The IRCI Partnership aims to promote the need for multi-stakeholder, multi-agency and inter-disciplinary collaboration on resource corridor planning and development.

Events organised or attended by ECDPM

Today, ECDPM’s Bruce Byiers is moderating the session at The Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs on how to ensure inclusive trade integration. This panel discussion aims at enabling actors involved in trade integration in East Africa to share ideas and experiences on how to foster inclusive trade. Our panel members are representatives of Trade Mark East Africa and BoPInc.

On Wednesday, San Bilal will attend the EIB meeting on the increasing importance of equity funds in ACP economies. Representatives from the EIB will be meeting together with financial partners from the African, Caribbean and Pacific countries to discuss the importance of supporting developing countries through investing in equity funds in ACP economies.

Publisher: The Weekly Compass is produced by ECDPM with financial resources provided by our core and institutional funders: The Netherlands, Belgium, Finland, Ireland, Luxemburg, Portugal, Denmark, Sweden and Switzerland.

Melissa Julian

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