, focuses on the challenges of tailoring trade and economic reforms to the specific conditions of the country or region where they are undertaken. While the onus lies primarily on developing countries to determine their own path to equitable and sustainable development, the EU can be a great ally to developing countries in better linking trade to development objectives. This issue of GREAT includes articles looking at the past 10 years of ACP-EU Economic Partnership Agreement negotiations and the challenges ahead in the next decade of EU trade policy. Other articles look at the EU’s sugar reform, aid for trade, market integration in Eastern Africa and export diversification in the CFA Franc zone. Combining international, regional and national endeavours in trade in services is also examined.
Thematic evaluation of the visibility of EU external action
The image of EU external action has generally been in-line with official priorities although the quality of EU's image could be improved
, notably by communicating more on results, according to this evaluation carried out for the European Commission. The recommendations call for reaffirming, renewing and strengthening the current image of the EU external action by delivering clear messages, communicating on results and avoiding raising unrealistic expectations. ECDPM’s James Mackie led the consortium that carried out this study. He is presenting the main findings to an EC seminar
today which will discuss follow-up on the evaluation’s recommendations.
“Everything that comes out of Political Economy Analysis is dynamite”
In an interview with capacity4dev.eu
, ECDPM’s Jean Bossuyt, a member the European Commission’s Political Economy Analysis (PEA) Team in Senegal, outlines some of the key aspects of the EC’s PEA methodology. “Political Economy Analysis’ purpose is to better understand where the reform processes come from, where the dynamics come from, who are the ‘blocking’ actors, etc.,” he says. “Everything that comes out of Political Economy Analysis is dynamite, so you have to be sure that you can use it properly and politically.” He considers the first important step is to ensure that the process has the full support of the EU Delegation. Secondly, the objectives of the evaluation must be clearly defined and a multi-disciplinary team, with a mix of international and local expertise, should undertake the process. “The initial PEA cannot solve all problems, but can provide a better overview of what really drives reforms and this can be used later on, in a sequenced way, to perhaps do more targeted PEAs, for instance in a sector,” Bossuyt concludes.
Central African farmers gear up to influence future agricultural policy in their region
Agriculture employs about 50% of Central Africa’s labour force and feeds many more. Nevertheless, the food security situation in the region has been worsening over the last two decades. To address this challenge, Central African states embarked on a process to develop a common agricultural policy and to put the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) into practice. Farmers’ organisations from all member states are now shaping up to influence these policy-making processes. In doing so, they could learn from their counterparts in West Africa
, which managed to play an important role in the formulation of the region’s common agricultural policy, highlights ECDPM’s Jeske van Seters in an article on the Talking Points blog.
Ideas for post-2015: a 'Development Friendliness Index'
As the biggest source of financing for development available to Southern governments is domestic revenue, and as remittance flows from migrants to their home countries outgrow the amount of global ODA, is the 0.7% aid target still relevant? In a commentary published on The Guardian’s Poverty Matters Blog, Niels Keijzer argues that measuring development efforts needs a much stronger focus on actions in policy areas beyond aid
and presents research about a new reporting system, a Development Friendliness Index. But how would countries agree to being assessed and compared on their different non-aid policies, such as banking transparency and agricultural subsidies?
Additional Articles in the Weekly Compass-Extended Version
The Institute for Development Studies’ Andy Sumner published new research on Where will the World’s Poor Live? Global Poverty Projections for 2020 and 2030 showing that 80% of the world’s $2 poor (2 billion people) live in middle-income countries in contrast to the 500 million $2 poor in low-income countries. Even with growth, world poverty is projected to remain split 50/50 between LICs and MICs until 2030.
The World Bank published three new studies. Market Access: A Key Determinant of Economic Development in Sub-Saharan Africa. The second, The doing business indicators, economic growth and regulatory reform suggests that indicators related to cost have the largest potential for fostering growth. Are natural resources cursed? An investigation of the dynamic effects of resource dependence on institutional quality indicates that a high degree of resource dependence, measured as the share of mineral fuel exports in a country's total exports, is associated with worse government effectiveness, as well as with reduced levels of competition across the economy.
Eurodad release two new papers. Foreign investment: How good is it for development? and EU’s emerging strategy on tax havens: ambitious enough?
Saferworld’s Maximising the EU’s potential to prevent conflicts and build peace outlines how and why the EU should be more serious about conflict sensitivity in order to meet the ambitions set out in the Lisbon Treaty. A second paper, Approaching post-2015 from a peace perspective suggests priority areas for discussion to inform the development of a new, more holistic post-2015 development framework. A third paper looks at Fulfilling New Deal commitments: Recommendations from civil society on maximising peacebuilding results.
Trilateral development cooperation between the European Union, China and Africa: What prospects for South Africa? by The Centre for Chinese Studies discusses whether trilateral development cooperation could possibly emerge as an alternative policy tool to existing bilateral and multilateral collaboration efforts between the EU and China in fostering African development.
European NGO networks VOICE and CONCORD launched a joint position paper Linking Relief Rehabilitation and Development: Towards a more joined up approach enhancing resilience and impact providing recommendations to the EU and member states on how, through more effective LRRD, the EU can help deliver better aid to crisis-affected populations and vulnerable groups.
The South African Journal of International Affairs includes an article Determinants of a regional organisation's role in peace and security: The African Union and the European Union compared showing that the determinants are contingent on nine sub-determinants.
Implementing Development Corridors: Lessons from the Maputo Corridor by the South African Institute of International Affairs provides lessons that can be learnt for future development corridor initiatives.
The Overseas Development Institute published three new papers. Increasing the effectiveness of Aid for Trade: The circumstances under which it works best assessing the impact of Aid for Trade thus far. Localising aid: Can using local actors strengthen them? sets out a research programme to address whether the ‘Paris-style’ approach to using systems in order to strengthen them is working, and whether an analogous approach might also be appropriate for non-state sectors. Better aid modalities: Are we risking real results? draws on the discussions and comments at ODI's 2011 meeting series on the future of budget support and explores the key findings and main messages.
Strategies and priorities for African Agriculture by the International Food Policy Research Institute points to export agriculture having high growth potential and becoming a prominent part of agricultural strategies.