Preservation Posts, June 2016

A Message from the Director

by: Dr. David Crass,
       Division Director & Deputy State Historic Preservation Officer

Dr. Crass will return to his monthly column in July.

An Old Vet Returns to Pickett’s Mill 

  - Cannon returns to historic battlefield


Contributed Article
Judd Smith
        Interpretive Specialist, Georgia State Parks, Recreation and Historic Sites

On June 1, 2016, staff and volunteers from Pickett’s Mill Battlefield State Historic Site met with personnel from the Atlanta History Center to transport a historic cannon to Pickett’s Mill for display.

The cannon is a Model 1841 Howitzer, and it has a long and rich history worthy of preservation and interpretation.

In 1851, the cannon tube was cast by the firm of Cyrus Alger and Company at the behest of the State of Arkansas; it was destined for the Arkansas Military Institute. After the outbreak of the Civil War in 1861, the howitzer, a smoothbore cannon designed to fire 12-pound projectiles, shells and other ordnance, was pressed into Confederate service. And later, during General William T. Sherman’s 1864 campaign to capture Atlanta, the howitzer was part of a battery of artillery commanded by Captain Thomas J. Key.

At the battle of Pickett’s Mill, on May 27, 1864, elements of Key’s Battery were moved to within 60 yards of Union lines, where they were used to open a devastating fire of canister and spherical case shot (anti-personnel rounds) into the enemy. This howitzer, identified by the unique eagle and globe design on the top surface and the  gun number stamped on the muzzle face, was in Key’s Battery at the battle. On July 25, 1864, the Key's battery was re-equipped with new guns, and the Captain had to turn in his howitzers to the Confederate Ordnance Bureau. In his diary, Key wrote that he regretted having to give up this veteran of so many battles.  

After the Civil War, as monuments sprang up throughout the country, the howitzer was put on display at Grant Park (Fort Walker) by the City of Atlanta (in the 1880s). It remained there for many years, suffering vandalism that defaced and broke pieces off the tube, until the 1980’s, when it was removed and later stolen. The tube was recovered by the City of Atlanta in 2010, and housed at the Cyclorama. 

As plans moved forward in 2015 to relocate the famous painting and other artifacts from the Cyclorama to a new wing being constructed at the Atlanta History Center, the gun was placed in storage, out of public view. At that time, the Department of Natural Resources State Parks, Recreation and Historic Sites Division, and the Friends of Pickett’s Mill Battlefield, reached out to the History Center to see if it would be possible to temporarily house the cannon. It was a win for all parties.

Pickett’s Mill Battlefield will display and interpret the piece until sometime in 2017, when the Cyclorama wing will be completed. At that time, the howitzer will return to its permanent home. 

This partnership of preservation and interpretation will allow the citizens of Georgia and visitors from around the world access to this unique piece of military history, and its incredible story.

Interested in Learning More:

Thomas J. Key, Robert J. Campbell, Two Soldiers: The Campaign and Diaries of Thomas J. Key, and Robert J. Campbell (Literary Licensing, LLC, 2011)

Pickett's Mill Battlefield Historic Site

Atlanta History Center

Certified Local Government Spotlight 

  - Columbus achieved CLG designation in 1990


by: Lauren Ericson,
        Outreach Program Assistant


(CLG Spotlight is a recurring series in Preservation Posts, where we shine a light on one of Georgia’s Certified Local Governments)

Established in 1828 along the Chattahoochee River and the Alabama state border, Columbus is one of the most significant historic cities in Georgia. Through the cotton trade and navigation of the river, the city made a name for itself as a 19th century mill town. The establishment of Fort Benning, in 1918, also spurred a great amount of growth for the city. 

By the mid-1960s, the historic preservation movement and its advocacy for threatened properties had taken hold. The local government passed a historic preservation ordinance in 1971, and Columbus became a Certified Local Government (CLG) in 1990.

The Columbus Historic Preservation Commission consists of eleven members representing various stakeholders in the city’s preservation community. Their efforts include: surveying the community for historic resources, locally designating individual properties and districts, developing design guidelines, and educating the public. These initiatives protect a multitude of historic assets in the city, including residential, commercial, and industrial buildings.

The Historic Preservation Commission also works closely with Historic Columbus, a non-profit organization with a mission “to promote historic preservation, heritage education, and heritage tourism in Columbus.” In 2001, the two bodies successfully designated six local historic districts, an impressive undertaking that both recognized and protected Columbus’s historic sites. Through this collaboration, Columbus also offers many significant incentives for historic preservation, such as façade grants and annual awards. Additionally, their effective implementation of education and outreach in the form of tours, brochures, and K-12 involvement has helped to create a community that is aware of and sensitive to preservation matters. For example, the Chattahoochee Promenade is an ideal location for appreciating the nature and history of the city, with views of the river and historic artifacts on exhibit. Furthermore, the 1828 City Mills, situated near the locally designated Downtown Historic District, represents a recent and successful initiative to stabilize, adapt and reuse an important Columbus landmark. 

Columbus City Mills, a recent stabilization project to protect a locally significant building.

Columbus will be the host for HPD's upcoming Historic Preservation Commission Training in November. This two-day event will include educational sessions on law, design guidelines, and other topics, as well as feature walking tours that highlight the city’s preservation practice. The events are invaluable to Certified Local Governments and local historic preservation commissions, and their continuing preservation work. At least one HPC member, from every Georgia CLG, must attend one training per year.

Keep an eye out for more on the training, as well as Columbus’s exemplary CLG activity. And visit our website for more information about the Certified Local Government program.

More on Section 106 in Georgia:

  - Submitting a Review


by:  Barbara Fisher,
         Environmental Review Historian

In the April 2016 issue of Preservation Posts, in an article regarding Section 106 basics, we provided an overview of Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act – outlining the four main steps of the review process and identifying the Historic Preservation Division (HPD), Environmental Review Program’s role in the process. In this installment, we discuss what documentation and supplemental information is needed in order for HPD to effectively complete a Section 106 review, the expected timeline for a response from HPD, and how to submit information for a review to our office.

 What Documentation does HPD need? 

For the majority of submittals, HPD requests that applicants use our Environmental Review (ER) Form when requesting HPD’s review of a project. The ER Form is found in PDF or Word formats on the Review and Compliance page of our website. The form should be filled out completely and mailed to the address found at the bottom of the form, along with the required supporting materials outlined therein (maps, photos, project plans, etc.). By filling out the ER Form completely, including as much detail as possible, and attaching the required supporting materials, HPD is less likely to need to request additional information – which would prolong the review process. Please keep in mind the idea of the “cold reader” when submitting for a review; that is, assume that HPD knows nothing about your location or your project – our office can only complete a review based on the information that is provided. HPD’s ability to complete a timely project review largely depends on the quality of the material submitted.  

Here are some tips to keep in mind when completing the ER Form: 
  • When providing the project description, be as clear and detailed as possible. 
  • Identify the date(s) of construction of all building(s) noted in the ER Form.
  • When attaching the map of the project area, indicate the location of the project/area of potential effect. 
  • Submit current, color photographs keyed to a map, and place only two photographs per page. Google Streetview and Tax Assessor photos are not adequate. 
  • Include more than one photograph of the subject property. 
  • Use the photos to illustrate what is stated in the ER Form, such as conditions of a building, surrounding setting, etc. 
  • If a project is located within a local historic district, include the name of the district as we do not always have up to date information on local historic listings.
If you are unsure as to what supporting materials need to be submitted for your project, please call HPD to speak with someone in the Environmental Review Program at (770) 389-7844.

HPD would like to note that communication tower projects are governed by a more defined set of guidelines for review, please see the Communication Tower portion of our website for details as to those research and submittal requirements. 

 What is HPD's Expected Response Time? 

Per the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, as amended, HPD has a 30-day review period from the date of submittal receipt. The 30 days begin the day the report is received by our office, not the day it is mailed. We send our responses via email from an unmanned email address: Therefore, make sure the contact information provided within the ER Form is correct and that it includes an appropriate email address where HPD can send a response or request for additional information. If it has been more than 30 consecutive days since your project was submitted, make sure to check your spam or junk folders, as unmanned email addresses are sometimes considered spam by certain email providers. 

If you have not received a response, please contact the Environmental Review Program with details of your project including the address or associated street names, city, county, and the federal or state agency involved. As noted above, if additional information is requested by HPD in order to complete our review, the project review is placed on hold, and the 30-day review period begins again once the requested information is received. 

Is HPD able to Expedite Reviews? 

With HPD’s limited staff and the hundreds of reviews submitted each month, we are unable to expedite reviews. However, please note that the majority of our reviews are completed in less than 30-days.

How should I send a Submittal to HPD?

Currently, HPD is unable to accept email or facsimile submittals due to attachment size limits and printing costs. Please mail a hard copy of submittals to the address noted below, which is also found on our website and on the ER Form. Delays in mailing your submittal to HPD can be avoided by using delivery services like FedEx or UPS, which deliver directly to our office. 

Mail To: 
Dr. David Crass, Division Director, Historic Preservation Division
Attention: Environmental Review
Jewett Center for Historic Preservation
2610 GA Hwy 155, SW
Stockbridge, Georgia 30281

Recent News & Announcements

 - State Historic Preservation Plan: Public Comment
The Georgia Historic Preservation Division has begun work on Georgia's next 5-year State Historic Preservation Plan (SHPP). The Division is currently seeking public comment on a draft set of goals for the upcoming plan. See the goals and learn how to comment.

 - Historic Landscape & Garden Grant Program Accepting Applications
The Garden Club of Georgia is now accepting applications for its 2016 Historic Landscape and Garden Grant Program, which provides funds for the preservation and restoration of Georgia’s historic gardens and landscapes. Non-profit organizations, local governments, and local garden clubs are eligible to apply for the 50/50 matching grant in amounts up to $3,000. Grants will be awarded only to projects that are historically documented, and projects must be completed within one year. Eligible applicants must be a local government, non-profit organization, or a garden club or civic organization. Eligible sites must be at least 50 years old and open to the public. Detailed guidelines and the one-page application may be found at the Garden Club of Georgia’s website. The deadline for submission is August 1, 2016.  If you have questions about your application, please contact Committee Chair Julie Groce at 478-731-5901 or,  or Carole Moore, HPD Grants & Tax Incentives Coordinator, at 770-389-7848 or

 - Underrepresented Communities Grant Program
Applications are now available for FY16 “Underrepresented Community” grants administered by the National Park Service. The deadline to apply is July 15, 2016. For details, see:
Any questions? Email: or call (202) 354-2020.

 - Villa MiraFlores Listed in the NRHP
(Press Release - June 29)

Upcoming Events

July 2016 - Forum 2016 - Mobile, Ala.
The National Alliance of Preservation Commissions will host its annual historic preservation conference July 29-31, 2016 in Mobile, Ala. FORUM is the only national conference focused around the needs and issues of preservation commissions and commission staff. For details, and to register, visit:

November 2016 - HPC Training - Columbus, Ga.
The Georgia Historic Preservation Division will host Historic Preservation Commission (HPC) training Nov. 4-5, 2016 at W.C. Bradley in Columbus, Ga. The training is open to HPC members, government officials, planners, historic preservation architects, attorneys, as well as other preservation professionals and students. More information for interested parties will be available in the coming weeks.
Would you like to see an event listed? Email

Want to Contribute?

  Submit a Guest Article 

Preservation Posts is published to inform the public about historic preservation issues and developments from the perspective of the SHPO. In keeping with that purpose, HPD has inaugurated a new policy of occasionally soliciting guest articles that are directly related to our statutorily mandated programs. Please note that we do not publish opinion pieces. We also retain editorial control as well as the right to reject any submission.
To pitch or submit a piece, or ask questions concerning an idea, email HPD Public Affairs Coordinator Jeff Harrison at 
Title Image: A photo taken on Ossabaw Island. HPD partnered with the Ossabaw Island Foundation and the UGA Laboratory of Archaeology in June for an annual Archaeological Field School. 

Copyright © 2016 DNR Historic Preservation Division, All rights reserved.

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