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November 2022

Greetings to all of the friends and supporters of the Hoover Institution Library & Archives. 

Happy birthday to the US Marine Corps which celebrates its 247th year of service today. And tomorrow on Veterans Day we honor all who served.

This month we feature both entirely new collections and new material in established collections that illuminate war, revolution, and peace around the world– from the Russian revolution and World War I to the sites of global conflict that became World War II, including Germany, Ethiopia, Japanese-occupied China, and the Philippines.

As befitting the breadth of our collections, these perspectives come from a Russian princess, Nina Chavchavadze; a Chinese military officer, (Chan Cheong-choo (陳昌祖); and American journalists Karl von Wiegand and Joseph Freeman.

We are also excited to continue to engage with our community of students, scholars and the broad public in our upcoming Bread + Medicine speaker series.

Wishing good health to you and yours.

-Eric Wakin, Director
[Image above: "How to Respect and Display Our Flag" U.S. Marine Corps Pamphlet from the Elizabeth Brown papers]
New Acquisitions

Chan Cheong-choo

Chan Cheong-choo (陳昌祖) was a core member of the WWII Japanese puppet government in China under Wang Jingwei. The Chan collection includes an unpublished English memoir written by Chan himself, a portion of the Chinese-government document that convicted Chan as a “national traitor;” part of the confession letter by Chan; and Chan’s personal correspondence. Chan’s personal papers, along with those of Wang Jingwei, Tao Hengsheng, and other “collaborationists” held at Hoover, provides a view into the intricate and complex political landscape of twentieth-century China. 

Princess Nina Chavchavadze

The letters of Princess Nina Chavchavadze, daughter of Grand Duke Georgii Mikhailovich and great-granddaughter of Tsar Nicholas I of Russia, join related Library & Archives holdings of correspondence and documents of the Grand Duke’s family and the broader Romanov family. The letters illuminate a broad range of events related to war, revolution, and peace in the first half of the 20th century, including the Grand Duke’s experiences at General Headquarters in Mogilev in 1916; travels and meetings with fellow aristocrats around Europe; and events and letters from Russian soldiers and prisoners of war and British friends and acquaintances during the First World War. 

New Materials Added to Collections

Karl H. von Wiegand

Significant new material was added to the Karl H. von Wiegand papers. Von Wiegand, one the most prolific journalists of the twentieth century, is perhaps best known for his coverage of the First World War written from Berlin; his interwar writings on the rise of fascism; and his prediction, after interviewing Adolf Hitler in 1921, that Hitler would come to power and bring a second world war to Europe. Of particular note among the new material in the collection are photographs from Nazi Germany; interwar interviews; correspondence with his mistress and fellow journalist Lady Grace Marguerite Hay Drummond-Hay; documentation from the Italian-Ethiopian war; notes from Von Wiegand’s flights on German zeppelins; and materials from Von Wiegand’s and Drummond-Hay’s internment in a Japanese POW camp in Manila in 1942-43. (Photo: Von Wiegand stands at the left.)

Joseph Freeman

Joseph Freeman was an American writer, editor, and journalist who is best known for his work as co-founder and editor of The New Masses, an influential Marxist journal (1926–48) which published works by many notable twentieth-century writers and poets such as Upton Sinclair, Langston Hughes, and Ernest Hemingway. New materials added to the collection include correspondence, notes, and manuscripts written while Freeman was living in Mexico in the 1950s. Of particular interest is a manuscript titled simply “Survey,” which includes Freeman’s autobiographical notes on his time living in Moscow in the 1920s. (Photo of Freeman with his wife, Charmion von Wiegand.) 
New & Noteworthy

Newly Described & Cataloged    

Herbert Hoover once stated, "We have only ten years to collect the most important materials, but one hundred years to catalog them." For the last hundred years, our catalogers and archivists have been hard at work describing our collections. Explore our new and updated finding aids and our newly cataloged materials to access rare primary sources such as the newspaper Kresowiak (pictured here), produced in a camp for Polish soldiers from 1945-1947.

Meet Katharina Friedla

Katharina Friedla is the newly appointed Taube Family Curator for European Collections and research fellow at Hoover. In this interview, Friedla discusses her career path to Hoover; her academic interests in nationalism, identity politics, state ideology, and forced migration in twentieth-century Europe; and her primary responsibilities as curator of the European Collections.

Herb Klein Keynote

Herb Klein, research fellow and curator for Latin America Collections was the keynote speaker at “The Columbian Shock: Explaining Long-Term Development of the Americas” a conference sponsored by The Economic Growth Center at Yale. His talk was based on a major research project of the 1970s organized by Klein and John TePaske of Duke University. Together they published 5 volumes of income and expenditure data from all the American colonies of Spain from 1580-1820, which has become the basis for a significant number of international studies on the impact of taxation and government in colonial Spanish America by historians, political scientists and economists.

On the Cover

In celebration of Veterans Day, featured on the cover of the current issue of the Hoover Digest is a 1944 bond-drive poster with a portrait of Robert W. Deiz, a Tuskegee Airman, painted by Betsy Graves Reyneau (1888–1964) as part of a series on prominent African-Americans, which traveled the US in the late 1940s and early 1950s. This poster– from our collections– is one of many that was enlarged and installed at the Hoover Institutions’ William Blount Hall. Get to know Diez who was part of the all-Black fighter pilot unit in “On the Cover.” 

In the Room Where It Was Taped

Jean Cannon, research fellow and curator for North America Collections takes you inside the Nixon-era Oval Office in the Hoover Digest article, “In the Room Where It Was Taped.” Fifty years after the infamous Watergate break-in, we learn more about John Ehrlichman—one of President Nixon’s most trusted aides, who bore eyewitness to the power politics of 1970s Washington—through his papers. The story of Watergate is a story of archives, documentation, the power of record-keeping, and the mysteries of records lost.

Japanese Diaspora Workshop

The Library & Archives hosted its Second International Workshop on Japanese Diaspora, organized by Kaoru (Kay) Ueda, research fellow and curator for Japanese Diaspora collections and co-hosted with the Japanese Association for Migration Studies. Ten early career scholars presented new research on Japanese global migration to in-person and virtual audiences. A public lecture was presented by Sheldon Garon, professor at Princeton University. Recordings of these events will be made available.

Ask a Conservator Day

In the spirit of international collaboration and exchange of knowledge, the Hoover Library & Archives’ preservation and conservation specialists participated in #AskAConservator Day on November 4th. The event included a Twitter account takeover and presentations on collection access and the Kitaji Bibles which underwent conservation treatment in preparation for an exhibition.

Bread + Medicine in the News

Our current exhibition in Hoover Tower, Bread + Medicine: Saving Lives in a Time of Famine was featured in the Stanford Daily. (Photo: ANANYA NAVALE/The Stanford Daily)
Upcoming Events

Bread + Medicine Speaker Series

Thursday, November 17, 2022, at 11:00 am to 12:00 pm (PT)
Title: Not by Bread Alone: America's Fight against Starvation in Europe,1919–1923

  • Presenters: Mary Cox, assistant professor at Central European University in Vienna, Austria and former Hoover visiting fellow; Bert Patenaude, Hoover research fellow 
  • Moderator: Charlie Laderman, senior lecturer at King’s College, London and former Hoover research fellow
Register to Attend
Featuring Our Collections
Features the papers of Friedrich A. von Hayek, Fritz Machlup, Gottfried Haberler, J. Herbert Furth, Karl Popper, and the Mont Pelerin Society records.
Features the Parviz Shokat collection.
Features the Arsenii Ivanovich Formakov papers.
This podcast begins with the story of, and features the papers of, Ernest Lundeen.
“Welfare without the Welfare State” features Milton Friedman papers and the Mont Pelerin Society records.
“The Nuclear Balance Is What States Make of It” features the Vitalii Leonidovich Kataev papers.

Visiting Information

Our reading room is OPEN to the public. Reservations are required. Please visit our website or follow us on social media to receive updates.
The Hoover Tower galleries are OPEN to the public. Observation deck currently open to Stanford affiliates. Reservations are required.

Founded by Herbert Hoover in 1919, the Hoover Institution Library & Archives is dedicated to documenting war, revolution, and peace in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. With nearly one million volumes and more than six thousand archival collections from 171 countries, Hoover supports a vibrant community of scholars and a broad public interested in the meaning and role of history.
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