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ASH Scotland Weekly Bulletin: 04 September 2015
The bulletin collates daily news stories relevant to tobacco control in Scotland - these should not be taken as necessarily representative of ASH Scotland views. Each Friday the bulletin also lists new research on tobacco control (added to PubMed in the previous week) and an ASH Scotland update.

ASH Scotland Update News Parliament Research
ASH Scotland Update

Health and Sport Committee evidence

The Scottish Parliament’s website has published the official report from Tuesday’s evidence session on the Health (Tobacco, Nicotine etc and Care) (Scotland) Bill.

ASH Scotland Chief Executive Sheila Duffy was among those who gave evidence to the committee.

Health Committee takes evidence on smoking in hospital grounds and e-cigarettes

The Scottish Parliament's Health and Sport Committee yesterday took evidence for the Health (Tobacco, Nicotine etc. and Care) (Scotland) Bill. Several news articles focus on the discussion over the proposal to create a legally binding smoke-free perimeter immediately outside of NHS hospital buildings. Meanwhile the Evening Times focuses on the debate over plans to introduce restrictions on the sale and marketing of e-cigarettes, an editorial in the newspaper calls for legislation on e-cigarettes to be balanced.

Dundee lung cancer study

The Daily Mail runs an article about a new blood test that has proved 80% accurate in detecting lung cancer tumours. The study was co-funded by NHS Scotland and run by Dundee University.

Further restrictions on smoking a real drag

Following the publication of a survey which showed the majority of Scots are in support of further restrictions on smoking in public places, Stornoway pub landlords say they are opposed to any further smoking bans.

Appeal after illicit tobacco discovered in Fraserburgh shop

Trading Standards in the north-east are appealing to the public to report sales of illicit tobacco and cigarettes. The call comes two weeks after a Fraserburgh shopkeeper admitted to being in possession of thousands of counterfeit and illicit cigarettes and was sentenced to 120 hours of unpaid community work.

Aberdeen Trading Standards to launch campaign against under-age tobacco sales

A week-long campaign to explain how the law on tobacco affects young people will be launched by Trading Standards in Aberdeen on Monday 31 August.

E-cigarettes and relative risk

Letter from the authors of a recent Public Health England evidence review on e-cigarettes responding to criticism of their report in a Lancet editorial.

E-cigarette regulation

Douglas Kamerow highlights the differences between England and the United States in the debate over e-cigarettes.
  • BMJ 2015;351:h4634 [full text requires subscription]

Jersey: Smoke-free cars law

Legislation making it illegal to smoke in a car carrying young people under the age of 18 came into force in Jersey yesterday. Drivers and passengers can both be fined for smoking.

Nottinghamshire county council stubs out smoking breaks

A county council in England has announced a new policy ending smoking breaks during paid working hours for its employees.

'EU-Tobacco industry redaction revelations must not go unchallenged, warns health NGO'

Writing in The Parliament Magazine Florence Berteletti, director of Smoke free partnership discusses tobacco industry lobbying at the European Commission.

China: new rules on tobacco advertising

New rules restricting tobacco advertising came into force in China yesterday, prohibiting mass media tobacco advertisements in public places, on public vehicles and outdoors.

New research into wage increases and smoking behaviour

US research published in the Annals of Epidemiology found that a 10% increase in wages led to about a 5% drop in smoking rates among workers who are male or who have high school education or less, and improves their overall chances of quitting smoking from 17 to 20%.

Parents unaware of safety risks e-liquid pose to children

A study by researchers at Washington University in St. Louis finds that many parents who use e-cigarettes are unaware of the potential hazards, such as nicotine poisoning the devices may present to children. The paper also finds that many do not store e-liquid safely.

Big Tobacco and freedom of information laws

Gerard Hastings, Professor at the Institute for Social Marketing at University of Stirling and, Nola Ries, Senior Lecturer at University of Newcastle, Australia discuss the use of freedom of information laws by tobacco firms in separate pieces for The Conversation.

Focus on prevention

Cardiologists have warned, in a journal piece, that the NHS is wasting money on operations for heart conditions on strokes when it should be focusing on preventive measures around quitting smoking and losing weight.

Council’s smoke break ban proposals

Nottinghamshire County Council, employer to 9000 people, has announced proposals which would ban staff from smoking during working hours. The proposals include ‘short breaks’.
  • Guardian – 02 September 2015
  • Express – 03 September 2015
  • Daily Mail – 03 September 2015, page 35, no url
  • Herald – 03 September 2015, page 12, no url

US regulator to take legal action against e-cigarette firms

The Guardian reports that the Center for Environmental Health in the USA is to take legal action in California against manufacturers of best-selling e-cigarettes after its investigations "found that nearly 90% of the companies had at least one brand that produced high levels of one or both of the cancer-causing chemicals formaldehyde and acetaldehyde."

Smoker hits out at litter fine

A smoker fined for putting a cigarette butt down a drain has hit out at Wirral Council saying he was left feeling 'embarrassed and annoyed'.

Opinion - smoking on hospital grounds

Today's Metro's letter sections features a letter from someone in Glasgow who profoundly disagrees with Simon Clark of FOREST's claim that banning smoking on hospital ground is "inhumane, vindictive and petty."
  • Metro - 03 September 2015, page 19, no url

Opinion - hospital grounds ban

A letter in today's Metro asks if cars rather than smoking cigarettes should be banned from hospital grounds.
  • Metro - 04 September 2015, page 21, no url

JTI removes more gantries from law-breaking stores

JTI has pulled two more of its tobacco gantries from stores prosecuted for selling illicit cigarettes and tobacco.

Tobacco: Smokers demand value for money

The need for adult smokers to garner the best possible value for their money continues to fuel growth and NPD in the roll your own market

Impact of display ban on shoppers

With the tobacco display ban in place in small stores for nearly six months, now is a great time to consider what impact it has actually had on shoppers, writes HIM's Katie Littler.

Tobacco company announces giveaway for retailers

Talking Retail reports on a competition for retailers from JTI Advance, to celebrate its one year anniversary. JTI Advance was "Created to provide key category insights, news on product developments and up-to-date industry and legislative information."

Retail’s new approach

Talking Retail has an article looking at ‘new and innovative’ ways of selling tobacco, in the aftermath of the display ban coming into force.

Very low nicotine cigarettes

‘MAGIC o’ brand cigarettes have been launched in the USA via their website, with the claim that there is only 0.04mg of nicotine per cigarette. This is 95% less than conventional cigarettes, according to the press release.

Wholesale tobacco decline

It is reported that Booker Group PLC, the grocery wholesaler, has been hit by a 6.5% decline in tobacco sales, resulting in an overall 2% drop in sales. Excluding tobacco, its sales were up 0.1%.

Motion on the fall in smoking rates in Scotland

*S4M-14057 Stewart Maxwell: Smoking Rates Fall in Scotland - That the Parliament welcomes the findings of the Scottish Household Survey 2014, which indicates that smoking rates have declined at their fastest rate since 1999; understands that 20% of adults in Scotland now smoke, which constitutes a drop of 3% over the previous three years; is encouraged that smoking rates in the most deprived areas have dropped from 40% in 2010 to 34% in 2014, and congratulates all those people and organisations that are working towards the Scottish Government’s objective of a smoke-free Scotland by 2034.

Supported by: Bill Kidd*, John Mason*, Neil Findlay*, Jackie Baillie*, Kenneth Gibson*, Roderick Campbell*, Richard Simpson*, Anne McTaggart*, Richard Lyle*, Kevin Stewart*, Rob Gibson*, Christina McKelvie*, Stuart McMillan*, Graeme Dey*, Joan McAlpine*, Dennis Robertson*, Gordon MacDonald*, Adam Ingram*, Hanzala Malik*

Health and Sport Committee evidence

The Scottish Parliament’s website has published the official report from Tuesday’s evidence session on the Health (Tobacco, Nicotine etc and Care) (Scotland) Bill. ASH Scotland Chief Executive Sheila Duffy was among those who gave evidence to the committee.

PQ S4W-27155

Jackson Carlaw (West Scotland) (Scottish Conservative and Unionist Party): To ask the Scottish Government whether it has assessed the report commissioned by Public Health England, E-cigarettes: an evidence update, and, if so, what (a) its position is on the findings and (b) implications the report will have on the advice provided by NHS Scotland's smoking cessation services. (S4W-27155).

Maureen Watt: The Public Health England report is a welcome addition to the evidence base around e-cigarettes as the Scottish Government continues to develop its overall policy around e-cigarettes. Current evidence suggests e-cigarettes are far less harmful than tobacco and if using them helps smokers quit entirely then that is to be welcomed. Anyone using an e-cigarette to help them quit will most likely see the best results if they do this alongside the support of their local stop smoking services. Scottish Government is working with smoking cessation services in Scotland to explore how they can best help users of e-cigarettes to quit tobacco for good. Further research on the long-term health impacts of e-cigarettes is needed, and we will continue to monitor evidence. Our Health Bill strikes a balance between regulating e-cigarettes and helping those who wish to use them to help stop smoking. By doing so we hope both to prevent smoking from appearing normal again, but also gain the public health benefits from reductions in the use of cigarettes.

Aryal, U. R., Bhatta, D. N., Shrestha, N., and Gautam, A. Assessment of nicotine dependence among smokers in Nepal: a community based cross-sectional study. Tob.Induc.Dis. 13[1], 26. 2015.
Abstract or full text available at:

Fucito, L. M. and Hanrahan, T. H. Heavy-drinking smokers' treatment needs and preferences: A mixed-methods study. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment . 14-7-2015.
Abstract or full text available at:

Black and Minority Ethnic Groups
Kristman-Valente, A. N. and Flaherty, B. P. Latino Cigarette Smoking Patterns by Gender in a US-National Sample. Annals of Behavioral Medicine . 25-8-2015.
Abstract or full text available at:


Fu, X., Feng, T., Wu, M., Zhang, L., and Jiang, C. [Relationship between environmental tobacco smoke and lung cancer risk among nonsmokers in China: A meta-analysis]. Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi.Xue.Za Zhi. 49[7], 644-648. 2015.
Abstract or full text available at:

Mangus, R. S., Fridell, J. A., Kubal, C. A., Loeffler, A. L., Krause, A. A., Bell, J. A., Tiwari, S., and Tector, J. Worse Long-term Patient Survival and Higher Cancer Rates in Liver Transplant Recipients With a History of Smoking. Transplantation 99[9], 1862-1868. 2015.
Abstract or full text available at:

Zhang, S., Zhou, M., Jiang, G., Gong, C., Cui, D., Luo, L., Wu, D., Huang, H., Zhang, Q., and Yang, L. Expression and DNA methylation status of the Rap2B gene in human bronchial epithelial cells treated by cigarette smoke condensate. Inhalation Toxicology , 1-8. 26-8-2015.
Abstract or full text available at:

Farley, A., Aveyard, P., Kerr, A., Naidu, B., and Dowswell, G. Surgical lung cancer patients' views about smoking and support to quit after diagnosis: a qualitative study. J.Cancer Surviv.  23-8-2015. 
Abstract or full text available at:

Cognitive Function
Zanchi, D., Brody, A. L., Montandon, M. L., Kopel, R., Emmert, K., Preti, M. G., van, de, V, and Haller, S. Cigarette smoking leads to persistent and dose-dependent alterations of brain activity and connectivity in anterior insula and anterior cingulate. Addict.Biol.  25-8-2015.
Abstract or full text available at:

Dental Health
de Geus, J. L., de Lara, M. B., Hanzen, T. A., Fernandez, E., Loguercio, A. D., Kossatz, S., and Reis, A. One-year follow-up of at-home bleaching in smokers before and after dental prophylaxis. Journal of Dentistry . 21-8-2015.
Abstract or full text available at:

Akter, S., Okazaki, H., Kuwahara, K., Miyamoto, T., Murakami, T., Shimizu, C., Shimizu, M., Tomita, K., Nagahama, S., Eguchi, M., Kochi, T., Imai, T., Nishihara, A., Sasaki, N., Nakagawa, T., Yamamoto, S., Honda, T., Uehara, A., Yamamoto, M., Hori, A., Sakamoto, N., Nishiura, C., Totsuzaki, T., Kato, N., Fukasawa, K., Pham, N. M., Kurotani, K., Nanri, A., Kabe, I., Mizoue, T., Sone, T., and Dohi, S. Correction: Smoking, Smoking Cessation, and the Risk of Type 2 Diabetes among Japanese Adults: Japan Epidemiology Collaboration on Occupational Health Study. PLoS.One. 10[8], e0137039. 2015.
Abstract or full text available at:

Erkus, M. E., Altiparmak, H., and Gunebakmaz, O. Smoking, Diabetes Mellitus, Thyroid Dysfunction, and a Variety of Drugs Have Potential Effects on Serum HDL-C Level. Angiology . 21-8-2015.
Abstract or full text available at:

Korhonen, T., Smeds, E., Silventoinen, K., Heikkila, K., and Kaprio, J. Cigarette smoking and alcohol use as predictors of disability retirement: A population-based cohort study. Drug and Alcohol Dependence . 10-8-2015.
Abstract or full text available at:

Diseases and conditions
Buchanan, D. M., Arnold, S. V., Gosch, K. L., Jones, P. G., Longmore, L. S., Spertus, J. A., and Cresci, S. Association of Smoking Status With Angina and Health-Related Quality of Life After Acute Myocardial Infarction. Circ.Cardiovasc.Qual.Outcomes.  25-8-2015.
Abstract or full text available at:

Elsey, H., Dogar, O., Ahluwalia, J., and Siddiqi, K. Predictors of cessation in smokers suspected of TB: Secondary analysis of data from a cluster randomized controlled trial. Drug and Alcohol Dependence . 10-8-2015.
Abstract or full text available at:

Pepper, J. K., Gilkey, M. B., and Brewer, N. T. Physicians' Counseling of Adolescents Regarding E-Cigarette Use. Journal of Adolescent Health . 19-8-2015.
Abstract or full text available at:

Shiplo, S., Czoli, C. D., and Hammond, D. E-cigarette use in Canada: prevalence and patterns of use in a regulated market. BMJ Open. 5[8], e007971. 2015.
Abstract or full text available at:

Staff gain support on e-cigarette use. Nursing Standard 29[52], 10. 26-8-2015. 
Abstract or full text available at:

Wang, R., Zhu, L., Yan, W., Zeng, G., and Michael, E. The influence of estimated retail tobacco sale price increase on smokers' smoking habit in Jiangxi province, China: a cross-sectional study. Tob.Induc.Dis. 13[1], 25. 2015.
Abstract or full text available at:

Bricard, D., Jusot, F., Beck, F., Khlat, M., and Legleye, S. Educational inequalities in smoking over the life cycle: an analysis by cohort and gender. Int.J.Public Health . 28-8-2015.
Abstract or full text available at:

Dai, J., Zhan, C., Xu, W., Wang, Z., Nie, D., Zhao, X., Zhang, D., Gu, Y., Wang, L., Chen, Z., and Qiao, Z. Nicotine elevates sperm motility and induces Pfn1 promoter hypomethylation in mouse testis. Andrology. 3[5], 967-978. 2015.
Abstract or full text available at:

Mental Health
Wu, B. J. and Lan, T. H. Predictors of smoking reduction outcomes in a sample of 287 patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience . 27-8-2015.
Abstract or full text available at:

Mahaffey, B. L., Gonzalez, A., Farris, S. G., Zvolensky, M. J., Bromet, E. J., Luft, B. J., and Kotov, R. Smoking to Regulate Negative Affect: Disentangling the Relationship Between Posttraumatic Stress and Emotional Disorder Symptoms, Nicotine Dependence, and Cessation-Related Problems. Nicotine.Tob.Res.  24-8-2015.
Abstract or full text available at:

Fergusson, D. M., Hall, W., Boden, J. M., and Horwood, L. J. Rethinking cigarette smoking, cannabis use, and psychosis. Lancet Psychiatry 2[7], 581-582. 2015.
Abstract or full text available at:

Renteria, E., Jha, P., Forman, D., and Soerjomataram, I. The impact of cigarette smoking on life expectancy between 1980 and 2010: a global perspective. Tob.Control . 25-8-2015.
Abstract or full text available at:

Musculoskeletal Disorders
Elmasry, S., Asfour, S., Rivero Vaccari, J. P., and Travascio, F. Effects of Tobacco Smoking on the Degeneration of the Intervertebral Disc: A Finite Element Study. PLoS.One. 10[8], e0136137. 2015.
Abstract or full text available at:

Brunzell, D. H., Stafford, A. M., and Dixon, C. I. Nicotinic receptor contributions to smoking: insights from human studies and animal models. Curr.Addict.Rep. 2[1], 33-46. 2015.
Abstract or full text available at:

Older People
Thorin, M. H., Wihlborg, A., Akesson, K., and Gerdhem, P. Smoking, smoking cessation, and fracture risk in elderly women followed for 10 years. Osteoporosis International . 25-8-2015.
Abstract or full text available at:

Auemaneekul, N., Silpasuwan, P., Sirichotiratana, N., Satitvipawee, P., Sompopcharoen, M., Viwatwongkasem, C., and Sujirarat, D. The Impact of Cigarette Plain Packaging on Health Warning Salience and Perceptions: Implications for Public Health Policy. Asia Pac.J.Public Health . 26-8-2015.
Abstract or full text available at:

Pregnancy and Infants
Murphy, K., Steyn, K., and Mathews, C. The midwife's role in providing smoking cessation interventions for pregnant women: The views of midwives working with high risk, disadvantaged women in public sector antenatal services in South Africa. International Journal of Nursing Studies . 13-8-2015.
Abstract or full text available at:

Yang, L., Tong, E. K., Mao, Z., Hu, T. W., and Lee, A. H. A Clustered Randomized Controlled Trial to Reduce Secondhand Smoke Exposure among Non-smoking Pregnant Women in Sichuan Province, China. Nicotine.Tob.Res.  20-8-2015.
Abstract or full text available at:

Shrestha, R. and Copenhaver, M. Long-Term Effects of Childhood Risk Factors on Cardiovascular Health During Adulthood. Clin.Med.Rev.Vasc.Health 7, 1-5. 12-8-2015.
Abstract or full text available at:

Respiratory Disorders
Seo, K., Park, S. H., and Park, K. Effects of diaphragm respiration exercise on pulmonary function of male smokers in their twenties. J.Phys.Ther.Sci. 27[7], 2313-2315. 2015.
Abstract or full text available at:

Second-hand and Third-hand Smoke
Shah, S., Ainsworth, H., Fairhurst, C., Tilbrook, H., Sheikh, A., Amos, A., Parrott, S., Torgerson, D., Thompson, H., King, R., Mir, G., and Siddiqi, K. Muslim communities learning about second-hand smoke: a pilot cluster randomised controlled trial and cost-effectiveness analysis. NPJ.Prim.Care Respir.Med. 25, 15052. 2015.
Abstract or full text available at:

Shirinde, J., Wichmann, J., and Voyi, K. Environmental tobacco smoke and the risk of eczema symptoms among school children in South Africa: a cross-sectional study. BMJ Open. 5[8], e008234. 2015.
Abstract or full text available at:

Gao, Y. and Shi, L. Mindfulness, Physical Activity and Avoidance of Secondhand Smoke: A Study of College Students in Shanghai. Int.J.Environ.Res.Public Health 12[8], 10106-10116. 2015.
Abstract or full text available at:

Siddiqi, K., Huque, R., Jackson, C., Parrott, S., Dogar, O., Shah, S., Thomson, H., and Sheikh, A. Children Learning About Secondhand Smoke (CLASS II): protocol of a pilot cluster randomised controlled trial. BMJ Open. 5[8], e008749. 2015.
Abstract or full text available at:

Abdullah, A. S., Hua, F., Khan, H., Xia, X., Bing, Q., Tarang, K., and Winickoff, J. P. Secondhand Smoke Exposure Reduction Intervention in Chinese Households of Young Children: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Acad.Pediatr.  20-8-2015.
Abstract or full text available at:

Ribeiro, F. A., Moraes, M. K., Caixeta, J. C., Silva, J. N., Lima, A. S., Parreira, S. L., and Fernandes, V. L. [Perception of parents about second hand smoke on the health of their children: an ethnographic study]. Rev.Paul Pediatr.  2-8-2015.
Abstract or full text available at:

Jawad, M. and Power, G. Waterpipe tobacco and electronic cigarette use in a southeast London adult sample: a cross-sectional analysis. J.Public Health (Oxf) . 25-8-2015.
Abstract or full text available at:

Moon, K. A., Magid, H., Torrey, C., Rule, A. M., Ferguson, J., Susan, J., Sun, Z., Abubaker, S., Levshin, V., Carkoglu, A., Radwan, G. N., El Rabbat, M., Cohen, J., Strickland, P., Navas-Acien, A., and Breysse, P. N. Secondhand smoke in waterpipe tobacco venues in Istanbul, Moscow, and Cairo. Environmental Research 142, ER15926. 19-8-2015.
Abstract or full text available at:

Bell, K., Dennis, S., Robinson, J., and Moore, R. Does the hand that controls the cigarette packet rule the smoker? Findings from ethnographic interviews with smokers in Canada, Australia, the United Kingdom and the USA. Social Science and Medicine 142, 136-144. 15-8-2015.
Abstract or full text available at:

Shoffel-Havakuk, H., Halperin, D., Haimovich, Y., Raz, Yarkoni T., Cohen, O., Hain, M., and Lahav, Y. Analysis of cigarette smoking mechanism by real time video-endoscopic documentation. Inhalation Toxicology , 1-7. 26-8-2015.
Abstract or full text available at:

Zhou, S., Van Devanter, N., Fenstermaker, M., Cawkwell, P., Sherman, S., and Weitzman, M. A Study of the Use, Knowledge, and Beliefs About Cigarettes and Alternative Tobacco Products Among Students at One U.S. Medical School. Academic Medicine . 25-8-2015.
Abstract or full text available at:

Smoking Cessation
Khara, M., Okoli, C., Nagarajan, V. D., Aziz, F., and Hanley, C. Smoking cessation outcomes of referral to a specialist hospital outpatient clinic. Am.J.Addict. 24[6], 561-570. 2015.
Abstract or full text available at:

Loprinzi, P. D., Wolfe, C. D., and Walker, J. F. Exercise facilitates smoking cessation indirectly via improvements in smoking-specific self-efficacy: Prospective cohort study among a national sample of young smokers. Preventive Medicine . 21-8-2015.
Abstract or full text available at:

Wu, L., Sun, S., He, Y., and Zeng, J. Effect of Smoking Reduction Therapy on Smoking Cessation for Smokers without an Intention to Quit: An Updated Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled. Int.J.Environ.Res.Public Health 12[9], 10235-10253. 2015.
Abstract or full text available at:

Smoking Cessation Services
Kmietowicz, Z. Action is needed to boost uptake of stop smoking services, say campaigners. BMJ 351, h4578. 2015.
Abstract or full text available at:

Muilenburg, J. L., Laschober, T. C., and Eby, L. T. Substance Use Disorder Counselors' Reports of Tobacco Cessation Services Availability, Implementation, and Tobacco-related Knowledge. Journal of Adolescent Health 57[3], 327-333. 2015. 
Abstract or full text available at:

Young people
Raina, R., Krishna, M., Murali, R., Shamala, A., Yalamalli, M., and Kumar, A. V. Knowledge, attitude and behavioral determinants of tobacco use among 13-15 year old school children. J.Int.Soc.Prev.Community Dent. 5[4], 321-326. 2015.
Abstract or full text available at:

Tian, J., Venn, A. J., Blizzard, L., Patton, G. C., Dwyer, T., and Gall, S. L. Smoking status and health-related quality of life: a longitudinal study in young adults. Quality of Life Research . 27-8-2015.
Abstract or full text available at:

Fulmer, E. B., Neilands, T. B., Dube, S. R., Kuiper, N. M., Arrazola, R. A., and Glantz, S. A. Protobacco Media Exposure and Youth Susceptibility to Smoking Cigarettes, Cigarette Experimentation, and Current Tobacco Use among US Youth. PLoS.One. 10[8], e0134734. 2015.
Abstract or full text available at:

Wackowski, O. A. and Delnevo, C. D. Young Adults' Risk Perceptions of Various Tobacco Products Relative to Cigarettes: Results From the National Young Adult Health Survey. Health Education and Behavior . 24-8-2015. 
Abstract or full text available at:

Mason, M., Mennis, J., Way, T., and Campbell, L. F. Real-Time Readiness to Quit and Peer Smoking within a Text Message Intervention for Adolescent Smokers: Modeling Mechanisms of Change. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment . 29-7-2015.
Abstract or full text available at:

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