ASH: working for a tobacco-free Scotland
ASH Scotland Daily Bulletin: 31 August  2012
The bulletin features daily news summaries relevant to tobacco control in Scotland.  Each Friday the bulletin also lists new research on tobacco control (added to PubMed in the previous week) and an ASH Scotland update.


ASH SCOTLAND UPDATE

Development Officer - Young People
Part-time 21 hours per week (
Salary £25,716 pro rata)

You will support the implementation and development of national tobacco strategies aimed at preventing young people from starting to smoke and helping those young people who currently smoke to stop.  Harnessing the expertise and commitment of partners, you will explore and promote effective policies and interventions.  You will possess excellent communication skills and have a good grasp of current issues for, and approaches to working with, young people

Interviews: Wednesday the 12th of September
Closing date: Monday the 3rd of September at 5.00pm

For more information visit the ASH Scotland website or call 0131 225 4725, or e-mail recruitment@ashscotland.org.uk

NEWS

Celebrating the 'Blow the smoke away' campaign
Follow the story from STV and NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde.
Older people who quit smoking can live longer
A study of over 75s suggests that exercise, a vibrant social life and quitting smoking could add five years to women’s lives and six years to men’s.  The study concluded that 'even after age 75 lifestyle behaviours such as not smoking and physical activity are associated with longer survival. A low risk profile can add five years to women’s lives and six years to men’s. These associations, although attenuated, were also present among the oldest old (≥85 years) and in people with chronic conditions.'

Smoking rates increased in relatives of people with schizophrenia
New research suggests that the unaffected first-degree relatives of people with schizophrenia are more likely to be smokers than individuals without a family history of the disorder.  Up to 90% of individuals with schizophrenia suffer from nicotine dependence. Both schizophrenia and nicotine consumption have strong genetic components, which may overlap. These results support the hypothesis that the relationship between schizophrenia and smoking is largely mediated by common familial factors, which may be genetic.

RESEARCH

Body Weight

King, A. C., Cao, D., O'Malley, S. S., Kranzler, H. R., Cai, X., Dewit, H., Matthews, A. K., and Stachoviak, R. J. Effects of Naltrexone on Smoking Cessation Outcomes and Weight Gain in Nicotine-Dependent Men and Women. Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology . 24-8-2012.
Abstract or full text available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22926596

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Cancer

Boer, R., Moolgavkar, S. H., and Levy, D. T. Chapter 15: impact of tobacco control on lung cancer mortality in the United States over the period 1975-2000-summary and limitations. Risk Analysis 32 Suppl 1, S190-S201. 2012.
Abstract or full text available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22882889

Feuer, E. J., Levy, D. T., and McCarthy, W. J. Chapter 1: the impact of the reduction in tobacco smoking on u.s. Lung cancer mortality, 1975-2000: an introduction to the problem. Risk Analysis 32 Suppl 1, S6-S13. 2012.
Abstract or full text available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22882893

Gao, Y., Killian, K., Zhang, H., Yu, K., Li, Q. Z., Weinstein, S., Virtamo, J., Tucker, M., Taylor, P., Albanes, D., Meltzer, P., and Caporaso, N. Leukocyte DNA methylation and colorectal cancer among male smokers. World J.Gastrointest.Oncol. 4[8], 193-201. 15-8-2012.
Abstract or full text available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22912915
 
Grant, W. B. An ecological study of cancer mortality rates in California, 1950-64, with respect to solar UVB and smoking indices. Dermatoendocrinol. 4[2], 176-182. 1-4-2012.
Abstract or full text available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22928074

Holford, T. R. and Levy, D. T. Chapter 14: comparing the adequacy of carcinogenesis models in estimating u.s. Population rates for lung cancer mortality. Risk Analysis 32 Suppl 1, S179-S189. 2012.
Abstract or full text available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22882888

Rink, M., Furberg, H., Zabor, E. C., Xylinas, E., Babjuk, M., Pycha, A., Lotan, Y., Karakiewicz, P. I., Novara, G., Robinson, B. D., Montorsi, F., Chun, F. K., Scherr, D. S., and Shariat, S. F. Impact of Smoking and Smoking Cessation on Oncologic Outcomes in Primary Non-muscle-invasive Bladder Cancer. European Urology . 21-8-2012. Abstract or full text available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22925575

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Cardiovascular Disorders

Abu-Rmeileh, N. M., Shoaibi, A., O'Flaherty, M., Capewell, S., and Husseini, A. Analysing falls in coronary heart disease mortality in the West Bank between 1998 and 2009. BMJ Open. 2[4]. 2012.
Abstract or full text available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22923626

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Cognitive Function

Tang, J., Liao, Y., Deng, Q., Liu, T., Chen, X., Wang, X., Xiang, X., Chen, H., and Hao, W. Altered spontaneous activity in young chronic cigarette smokers revealed by regional homogeneity. Behav.Brain Funct. 8[1], 44. 22-8-2012.
Abstract or full text available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22913365

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Cotinine

Balhara, Y. P., Jain, R., Sundar, A. S., and Sagar, R. Use of cotinine urinalysis to verify self-reported tobacco use among male psychiatric out-patients. Lung India 29[3], 217-220. 2012.
Abstract or full text available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22919158

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Dental Health

Kumar, P. S. Smoking and the subgingival ecosystem: a pathogen-enriched community. Future.Microbiol. 7, 917-919. 2012.
Abstract or full text available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22913349

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Diabetes

Kitahara, Y., Hattori, N., Yokoyama, A., Yamane, K., Sekikawa, K., Inamizu, T., and Kohno, N. Cigarette smoking decreases dynamic inspiratory capacity during maximal exercise in patients with type 2 diabetes. Hiroshima Journal of Medical Sciences 61[2], 29-36. 2012.
Abstract or full text available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22916510
 
Stringhini, S., Tabak, A. G., Akbaraly, T. N., Sabia, S., Shipley, M. J., Marmot, M. G., Brunner, E. J., Batty, G. D., Bovet, P., and Kivimaki, M. Contribution of modifiable risk factors to social inequalities in type 2 diabetes: prospective Whitehall II cohort study. BMJ 345, e5452. 2012.
Abstract or full text available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22915665

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Digestive System Disorders

Manolakis, A. C., Kapsoritakis, A. N., Kapsoritaki, A., Tiaka, E. K., Oikonomou, K. A., Lotis, V., Vamvakopoulou, D., Davidi, I., Vamvakopoulos, N., and Potamianos, S. P. Readressing the Role of Toll-Like Receptor-4 Alleles in Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Colitis, Smoking, and Seroreactivity. Digestive Diseases and Sciences . 24-8-2012. Abstract or full text available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22918682

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E-cigarettes

Pellegrino, R. M., Tinghino, B., Mangiaracina, G., Marani, A., Vitali, M., Protano, C., Osborn, J. F., and Cattaruzza, M. S. Electronic cigarettes: an evaluation of exposure to chemicals and fine particulate matter (PM). Ann.Ig 24[4], 279-288. 2012.
Abstract or full text available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22913171

Zenzen, V., Diekmann, J., Gerstenberg, B., Weber, S., Wittke, S., and Schorp, M. K. Reduced exposure evaluation of an Electrically Heated Cigarette Smoking System. Part 2: Smoke chemistry and in vitro toxicological evaluation using smoking regimens reflecting human puffing behavior. Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology . 23-8-2012. Abstract or full text available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22922180

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Eye Disorders

Myers, C. E., Klein, R., Knudtson, M. D., Lee, K. E., Gangnon, R., Wong, T. Y., and Klein, B. E. Determinants of Retinal Venular Diameter: The Beaver Dam Eye Study. Ophthalmology . 20-8-2012.
Abstract or full text available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22917892

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Fertility

Petanovski, Z., Dimitrov, G., Aydin, B., Hadzi-Lega, M., Sotirovska, V., Susleski, D., Saltirovski, S., Matevski, V., Stojkovska, S., Petanovska, E., Savic, M., and Balkanov, T. Impact of active female smoking on controlled ovarian stimulation in intracitoplasmic sperm insemination cycles. Med.Glas.Ljek.komore.Zenicko.-doboj.kantona. 9[2], 273-280. 2012. Abstract or full text available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22926363

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Genetics

Boechat, Nde O., Ogusku, M. M., Boechat, A. L., and Sadahiro, A. Interaction between Smoking and HLA-DRB1*04 Gene Is Associated with a High Cardiovascular Risk in Brazilian Amazon Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis. PLoS.One. 7[8], e41588. 2012.
Abstract or full text available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22912672

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Inequalities

Gould, G. S., McEwen, A., Watters, T., Clough, A. R., and van der Zwan, R. Should anti-tobacco media messages be culturally targeted for Indigenous populations? A systematic review and narrative synthesis. Tob.Control . 22-8-2012.
Abstract or full text available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22918939

Vidrine, D. J., Fletcher, F. E., Danysh, H. E., Marani, S., Irvin, Vidrine J., Cantor, S. B., and Prokhorov, A. V. A randomized controlled trial to assess the efficacy of an interactive mobile messaging intervention for underserved smokers: Project ACTION. BMC.Public Health 12[1], 696. 25-8-2012.
Abstract or full text available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22920991

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Kidney Disorders

Mc Causland, F. R., Brunelli, S. M., and Waikar, S. S. Association of Smoking with Cardiovascular and Infection-Related Morbidity and Mortality in Chronic Hemodialysis. Clin.J.Am.Soc.Nephrol.  23-8-2012.
Abstract or full text available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22917700

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Mental Health

Featherstone, R. E., Phillips, J. M., Thieu, T., Ehrlichman, R. S., Halene, T. B., Leiser, S. C., Christian, E., Johnson, E., Lerman, C., and Siegel, S. J. Nicotine receptor subtype-specific effects on auditory evoked oscillations and potentials. PLoS.One. 7[7], e39775. 2012.
Abstract or full text available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22911690

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Musculoskeletal Disorders

Takahashi, S., Fukushima, W., Kubo, T., Iwamoto, Y., Hirota, Y., and Nakamura, H. Pronounced risk of nontraumatic osteonecrosis of the femoral head among cigarette smokers who have never used oral corticosteroids: a multicenter case-control study in Japan. Journal of Orthopaedic Science . 29-8-2012.
Abstract or full text available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22927108

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Older People

Dobson, A., Almeida, O., Brown, W., Byles, J., Flicker, L., Leung, J., Lopez, D., McCaul, K., McLaughlin, D., and Hankey, G. Impact of behavioural risk factors on death within 10 years for women and men in their 70s: absolute risk charts. BMC.Public Health 12[1], 669. 17-8-2012.
Abstract or full text available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22917089

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Patients

Shi, Y., Ehlers, S., Hinds, R., Baumgartner, A., and Warner, D. O. Monitoring of Exhaled Carbon Monoxide to Promote Preoperative Smoking Abstinence. Health Psychology . 27-8-2012.
Abstract or full text available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22924451

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Pregnancy and Infants

Black, M., Bhattacharya, S., Fairley, T., Campbell, D. M., and Shetty, A. Outcomes of pregnancy in women using illegal drugs and in women who smoke cigarettes. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica . 22-8-2012.
Abstract or full text available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22913319

Fu, Y. Y., Nergard, J. C., Barnette, N. K., Wang, Y. L., Chai, K. X., and Chen, L. M. Proteasome Inhibition Augments Cigarette Smoke-Induced GM-CSF Expression in Trophoblast Cells via the Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor. PLoS.One. 7[8], e43042. 2012.
Abstract or full text available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22912784
 
Kareli, D. E., Pouliliou, S. E., Nikas, I. H., Psillaki, A. N., Galazios, G. C., Liberis, V. A., and Lialiaris, T. S. Cytogenetic evaluation of pre-pregnancy smoking in maternal and newborn lymphocytes. European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology . 23-8-2012.
Abstract or full text available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22921575

Lee, S. L., Lam, T. H., Leung, T. H., Wong, W. H., Schooling, M., Leung, G. M., and Lau, Y. L. Foetal exposure to maternal passive smoking is associated with childhood asthma, allergic rhinitis, and eczema. ScientificWorldJournal. 2012, 542983. 2012.
Abstract or full text available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22927783

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Research

Anderson, C. M., Burns, D. M., Dodd, K. W., and Feuer, E. J. Chapter 2: birth-cohort-specific estimates of smoking behaviors for the u.s. Population. Risk Analysis 32 Suppl 1, S14-S24. 2012.
Abstract or full text available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22882884

Hazelton, W. D., Jeon, J., Meza, R., and Moolgavkar, S. H. Chapter 8: The FHCRC Lung Cancer Model. Risk Analysis 32 Suppl 1, S99-S116. 2012.
Abstract or full text available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22882896

Holford, T. R. and Clark, L. Chapter 4: development of the counterfactual smoking histories used to assess the effects of tobacco control. Risk Analysis 32 Suppl 1, S39-S50. 2012.
Abstract or full text available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22882891

Jeon, J., Meza, R., Krapcho, M., Clarke, L. D., Byrne, J., and Levy, D. T. Chapter 5: Actual and Counterfactual Smoking Prevalence Rates in the U.S. Population via Microsimulation. Risk Analysis 32 Suppl 1, S51-S68. 2012.
Abstract or full text available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22882892

Levy, D. T., Blackman, K., and Zaloshnja, E. Chapter 10: A Macro-Model of Smoking and Lung Cancer: Examining Aggregate Trends in Lung Cancer Rates Using the CPS-I and CPS-II and Two-Stage Clonal Expansion Models. Risk Analysis 32 Suppl 1, S125-S141. 2012.
Abstract or full text available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22882883

McMahon, P. M., Kong, C. Y., Johnson, B. E., Weinstein, M. C., Weeks, J. C., Tramontano, A. C., Cipriano, L. E., Bouzan, C., and Gazelle, G. S. Chapter 9: The MGH-HMS Lung Cancer Policy Model: Tobacco Control Versus Screening. Risk Analysis 32 Suppl 1, S117-S124. 2012.
Abstract or full text available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22882882

Rosenberg, M. A., Feuer, E. J., Yu, B., Sun, J., Henley, S. J., Shanks, T. G., Anderson, C. M., McMahon, P. M., Thun, M. J., and Burns, D. M. Chapter 3: cohort life tables by smoking status, removing lung cancer as a cause of death. Risk Analysis 32 Suppl 1, S25-S38. 2012.
Abstract or full text available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22882890

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Respiratory Disorders

Fu, X. W., Rekow, S. S., and Spindel, E. R. The ly-6 protein, lynx1 is an endogenous inhibitor of nicotinic signaling in airway epithelium. Am.J.Physiol Lung Cell Mol.Physiol . 24-8-2012.
Abstract or full text available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22923641

Kelsen, S. G. Respiratory epithelial cell responses to cigarette smoke: The unfolded protein response. Pulmonary Pharmacology and Therapeutics . 27-7-2012.
Abstract or full text available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22846757

Rycroft, C. E., Heyes, A., Lanza, L., and Becker, K. Epidemiology of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a literature review. Int.J.Chron.Obstruct.Pulmon.Dis. 7, 457-494. 2012.
Abstract or full text available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22927753

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Smokers

Cohrs, S., Rodenbeck, A., Riemann, D., Szagun, B., Jaehne, A., Brinkmeyer, J., Grunder, G., Wienker, T., Diaz-Lacava, A., Mobascher, A., Dahmen, N., Thuerauf, N., Kornhuber, J., Kiefer, F., Gallinat, J., Wagner, M., Kunz, D., Grittner, U., and Winterer, G. Impaired sleep quality and sleep duration in smokers-results from the German Multicenter Study on Nicotine Dependence. Addict.Biol.  23-8-2012. Abstract or full text available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22913370

Nagelhout, G. E., Willemsen, M. C., Gebhardt, W. A., van den Putte, B., Hitchman, S. C., Crone, M. R., Fong, G. T., Van der Heiden, S., and de, Vries H. Does smoke-free legislation and smoking outside bars increase feelings of stigmatization among smokers? Findings from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Netherlands Survey. Health Place.  14-8-2012. Abstract or full text available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22921198

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Smoking Cessation

Robinson, L. M. and Vail, S. R. An integrative review of adolescent smoking cessation using the transtheoretical model of change. Journal of Pediatric Health Care 26[5], 336-345. 2012.
Abstract or full text available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22920775

Yeh, V. M., McCarthy, D. E., and Baker, T. B. An Ecological Momentary Assessment Analysis of Prequit Markers for Smoking-Cessation Failure. Exp.Clin.Psychopharmacol.  27-8-2012.
Abstract or full text available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22924702

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Smoking Cessation Aids

Krebs, P. and Sherman, S. E. Review: Varenicline for tobacco cessation does not increase CV serious adverse events. Annals of Internal Medicine 157[4], JC2. 21-8-2012.
Abstract or full text available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22910956

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Smoking Cessation Services

Allan, C., Radley, A., and Williams, B. Paying the price for an incentive: an exploratory study of smokers' reasons for failing to complete an incentive based smoking cessation scheme. Journal of Health Services Research and Policy . 24-8-2012.
Abstract or full text available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22923331

Khan, N., Anderson, J. R., Du, J., Tinker, D., Bachyrycz, A. M., and Namdar, R. Smoking Cessation and Its Predictors: Results from a Community-Based Pharmacy Tobacco Cessation Program in New Mexico (September). Annals of Pharmacotherapy . 21-8-2012.
Abstract or full text available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22911338

Land, T. G., Rigotti, N. A., Levy, D. E., Schilling, T., Warner, D., and Li, W. The effect of systematic clinical interventions with cigarette smokers on quit status and the rates of smoking-related primary care office visits. PLoS.One. 7[7], e41649. 2012.
Abstract or full text available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22911834

Rasinski, K. A., Lawrence, R. E., Yoon, J. D., and Curlin, F. A. A Sense of Calling and Primary Care Physicians' Satisfaction in Treating Smoking, Alcoholism, and Obesity. Archives of Internal Medicine , 1-2. 27-8-2012.  
Abstract or full text available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22928177

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Tobacco Control

Bloch, M., Backinger, C. L., Compton, W. M., and Conway, K. Standing on the threshold of change. Risk Analysis 32 Suppl 1, S1-S5. 2012.
Abstract or full text available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22882881

Siahpush, M., Thrasher, J. F., Yong, H. H., Cummings, K. M., Fong, G. T., Saenz de, Miera B., and Borland, R. Cigarette prices, cigarette expenditure and smoking-induced deprivation: findings from the International Tobacco Control Mexico survey. Tob.Control . 25-8-2012.
Abstract or full text available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22923478

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Tobacco Products

King, B. A., Dube, S. R., and Tynan, M. A. Flavored Cigar Smoking Among U.S. Adults: Findings From the 2009-2010 National Adult Tobacco Survey. Nicotine.Tob.Res.  27-8-2012.
Abstract or full text available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22927687

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Young people

Do, Y. K. and Finkelstein, E. A. Youth employment, income, and smoking initiation: results from korean panel data. Journal of Adolescent Health 51[3], 226-232. 2012.
Abstract or full text available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22921132

Galan, I., Diez-Ganan, L., Gandarillas, A., Mata, N., Cantero, J. L., and Durban, M. Effect of a Smoking Ban and School-Based Prevention and Control Policies on Adolescent Smoking in Spain: A Multilevel Analysis. Prev.Sci.  24-8-2012.
Abstract or full text available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22918603

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