ON PRISONS.

A short list for your browser. Select items on display in Booth 604B at the 2019 Brooklyn Antiquarian Book Fair (Sept 7-8).
This short list concerns prisons; their architectures, disciplines, experiences, labours, etc..  It's hardly comprehensive, but a first start in our growing collection-interest in the criminological realm of the human sciences. That field in which we learn which humans are bad, and how exactly we should treat them for being that way. And where they should live.

TERMS. Items are guaranteed to be described and delivered to the collector's satisfaction. Returns are accepted within 10 days of receipt. Reciprocal terms are extended to the trade; institutional policies are accommodated. For purchases, please phone (+1) 416-729-7043 or email jason@paperbooks.ca; priority given to first interest. Select items will be on display in Booth 604B of the Brooklyn Antiquarian Book Fair. This is an advance draft; please excuse any temporary images or language errors. To receive advance copies of future lists, subscribe to our mailing list. Specific wants are always welcomed, from both new and established collectors. 
LOT 01  /  GAOLERS
Blandin, Michel (gaoler)
[Expense sheets for early-modern imprisonment].
Dauphiné region, France, 1692-1693.
400 USD
A group of three manuscripts on laid paper, being: (1) Autre estate et mémoire de l'argent baillé pour la garde des prisonniers Jean Bernard, Jean Dupuy...; bifolium (25 cm.), with stamped-seals to both front and rear and signed by the gaoler Michel Blandin; (2) Mémoire de l'argent que j'ay fourny à la poursuite du procès contre les prisonniers commencé le 12 [octobre], 1692; single sheet (23 cm.), includes tabulations; and (3) Memoire de ce que j'ay fourny aux prisonniers depuis le 12 octobre 1692 jusques au 8 février 1693; bifolium (24 cm.), one-and-a-half pages, featuring elaborations of seven expenditures, with tabulations to rear panel.
Before the prison is an institution, it’s a physical activity, with one-or-more bodies imprisoning one-or-more other bodies, day-after-day, through specifics. Guarding them from being elsewhere. Here: some seventeenth century documents from the south-east of France, offering traces of this unusual kind of labour. The cost of rope, to bind the prisoners' hands; the cost of the candles that light them at night. With some of the prisoners named: Jean Bernard, Jeany Dupuy, Antoine Girard, Gaspard Tourre.
 
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LOT 02  /  "ARCHITECTURE TERRIBLE"
(Newgate Prison) 
The devastations occasioned by the rioters of London firing the new goal [sic] of Newgate… [accompanied by two short reports on Newgate conditions].
London, 1785-1816.
250 USD
Large engraving (platemark, 210 x 315 mm.), printed to sheet of wove paper (22 x 38 cm.), with minor trimming to upper margin and faint diagonal crease; otherwise bright and well-preserved. Drawn by Hamilton, engraved by T. Thornton, and published by Alexander Hogg (London, circa 1785). Accompanied by two Newgate-related circulars printed on orders of The House of Commons (1813, 1816), each being single sheets of laid paper (33 x 20 cm.), with previous fold-lines.
Before being demolished in 1902, London's notorious Newgate Prison was more-or-less in constant use for over 700 years. Depicted here, with some joyousness: the devastation to the Prison inflicted during the Gordon riots of 1780 by "King Mob," to free those rioters who were being held from previous nights. As per the cartouche here: "All the prisoners to the amount of 300 were released this night."
This engraving is offered along with two Parliamentary circulars that capture the experience of prison life at Newgate in the nineteenth century, after the prison had been rebuilt. The first, entitled Copy of a presentment of the Grand Inquest for the City of London… (December 9, 1813), presents an appeal from the Grand Jury that was commissioned to address over-crowding at Newgate—in particular: "of the Debtors' side of the prison, which was built for the accommodation of one hundred prisoners, and which now contains three hundred and forty." The Grand Jury also reports the status of the Female Criminal Department, with "the apartments set apart for [female prisoners] being built to accommodate sixty persons, and now containing about one hundred and twenty. The female convicts appear very destitute of necessary clothing and many of the prisoners are without shoes. They likewise complain of a want of bed covering, particularly rugs; and they are greatly inconvenienced from the rain penetrating the roof." This report being issued in the same year that Elizabeth Fry first visited Newgate and began her Reform campaign.  Also: An account of the number of persons under sentence of death at Newgate; with the dates at which they were severally so sentenced (March 26, 1816), with a total of 58 such prisoners identified from October 1815 to February 1816; Newgate being the site of London's public gallows from 1783 to 1868.
 
SOLD
LOT 03  /  ESCAPE
Latude, Henri Masers de (1725-1805)
[A post-Bastille letter to the King of Prussia, in search of a patron].
Paris, circa 1785.
2400 USD
Manuscript letter, signed; across two sheets of laid paper (33 x 22 cm.). Content featuring a handful of corrections; this apparently being the draft of letter, addressed to "Se Majeste, Le Roy de Prusse," with Latude's Parisian address at bottom. Some minor foxing and staining, with previous fold-lines. Accompanied by a vignette version of a stipple engraving by Vestier (circa 1789), with Latude depicted on the other side of the Bastille's walls; printed on thick sheet (14 x 9 cm., trimmed), with some foxing to margins.
Here: a remarkable letter from one of the first great heroes of the prison-escape genre—Henri Masers de Latude, who would find his way out of prison thrice, between 1750 and 1765, including once from the Bastille, which had otherwise only been escaped three-times-total since 1465. Part of his legendary charm extended from how pathetic his original crime was: an attempt to escape bohemian-poverty by mailing the 18th century equivalent of a (fake) pipe-bomb to the Marquees de Pompadour (the King's mistress/political advisor), in the hopes of gaining a reward by running to Versailles to warn her of said plot. The surveillance State, however, was already too strong.  Latude (then "Jean Danry") was quickly arrested, just as he was after each of his three escapes. He was eventually released via campaign in 1777, to become something of an anti-authoritarian celebrity in Revolutionary France.
In the present letter, Latude—now out-of-jail for the final time—writes to the King of Prussia as "Latude, Ingénieur," advising him of the military invention that he had devised whilst in jail—regarding a substitution of weaponry for sergeants and officers, who were using a kind of spear, rather than muskets—presumably in an attempt to win the King's esteem, and possibly a Court position. In the process, Latude details the ingenuity of his self-publishing regime at the Bastille, where he had been denied writing tools for a time. For scraps of paper, he substituted morsels of saliva-hardened bread. And for ink, his own blood. This epistolary effort appears to have been part of a larger post-prison campaign by Latude, with an almost-identical letter to the King of Sweden being preserved in Les Musées de la Ville de Paris.
 
SOLD
LOT 04  /  HEALTH
(Sammelband)
Cholera, carceri, e manicomio.
Torino, 1823-1831.
2000 USD
Marbled boards (29 cm.), with leather spine, featuring gilt-lettered compartment (bearing collective title above).  Compendium consists of 8 printed works and one manuscript, being: (1) Leggi e provvedimenti di sanità per gli stati di terraferma di S. M. il Re di Sardegna... (Torino: Dalla Stamperia Reale, 1831); with 16 chapters printed in both Italian and French columns, across [106] leaves and one loose errata sheet, and illustrated with four folding lithographic plates of two potential lazaretto designs (30 x 19 cm.); (2) Istruzione ad uso delle autorità sanitarie e del personale addetto agli stabilimenti di contumacia, onde preservare i confini degl' Il. RR. Stati Austriaci dalla irruzione del Cholera morbus epidemico... (Torino: Dalla Stamperia Reale, 1830); 24 pages, signed-off by Chiesa, Il Capo del Magistrato del Protomedicato, with second part entitled Trattato medico sopra il cholera morbus; followed by five circulars (ranging between 4-8 pages each) regarding prison regulations from the Azienda Economica dell' Interno, including: (3) Capitoli da osservarsi per la provvista del pane ai carcerati (1827), with two lengthy manuscript annotations; (4) Modello per le richieste giornaliere del pane (1828, being a partially-printed document for the administration of bread in prison); (5) Istruzioni agli Offizi d'Intendenza per la visita delle carceri prescritta dalla Regia Segreteria di Stato per gli Affari Interni... (1823); (6) Remedia simplicia, praeparata, et composita ad usum aegrotorum in r. carceribus decumbentium selecta (1825); (7) Capitoli da osservarsi per la provvista de' medicinali ai ditenuti nelle carceri (1824), [4] pp; (8) Capitoli da osservarsi per la provvista della minestra ai ditenuti nelle carceri (circa 1824); and (9) Lettera d'invito del Dottore Bertolini, Medico Primario del Regio Manicomio (1830), being a [10] pp. manuscript by Cipriano Bertolini. Contents well-preserved, with a large portion printed on blue paper. Ownership signature throughout ("Sig. Medico Ferraris," of the Piedmontese town of Biella).
This remarkably diverse compendium of scarce and unrecorded works appears to have been assembled by a Piedmontese doctor who was involved in the hygienic dimension of incarceration; hygiene from both without and within the prison's walls. The first work (constituting 212 pages, with no OCLC records discovered), addresses the jurisdiction and functions of the Giunta Superiore di Sanità, which was specifically set-up by King Charles Albert of Savoy to combat the second cholera pandemic, with special focus on the use of sanitary cordons and quarantines. Towards that end—of jailing infection—the report includes four folding plates illustrating two possible lazaretto designs, corresponding to two tables that account for related construction costs.
 
The majority of the remaining contents relate to administering the health of prisoners under "normal" penal conditions, with documents outlining the types of medications to stock in the prison pharmacy, the type of soup to provide, and the quantity and quality of bread. Regarding the latter, article 1 of 23 states that "il pane dei ditenuti nelle carceri sarà composto di due terzi di formento, e di un terzo di segala, e la razione giornaliera è fissata ad oncie 24 del peso di Pimonte, corrispondente a 28 oncie circa di Genova o di Milaneo, et a 750 gramma peso metrico." The compendium concludes with a fascinating 10 pp. manuscript from Cipriano Bertolini, the Asylum Director at the Regio Manicomio in Turin, concerning his theories regarding the various causes of mental illness, and proposals for a classification system. This manuscript appears to have been an attempt by Bertolini to garner feedback from his colleagues for his eventual 1832 publication Prospetto statistico-clinico-psichiatrico con classificazione dei ricoverati nel R. Manicomio di Torino.
 
SOLD
LOT 05  /  REFORM
Livingston, Edward
Introductory report to the code of prison discipline: explanatory of the principles on which the code is founded. Being part of the System of penal law, prepared for the State of Louisiana.
London: John Miller, 1827.
450 USD
Blue-papered boards (23 cm.), with marbled spine. Contents: [2], 78 pages.  General foxing, but a sound copy of an uncommon edition. With prefatory note from the editors dated Philadelphia, 1827, as per the Carey, Lee & Carey imprint from which this London imprint derives.

In 1821, during the first wave of prison reform, Edward Livingston was appointed by the Louisiana State Legislature to modernize their penal code. His focus was on remediation, rather than retribution, and hence his support for the abolition of the death penalty and the thoughtful management of prison-time. The present extract from Livingston's System—being an attempt by a Philadelphia publisher to test whether there was a public audience for the publication of his whole work—focused on the final part of the system: prison discipline. "In offering to the Legislature a system of penal law, the principal sanction of which is imprisonment, it is scarcely necessary to remark that its whole efficacy must depend on the manner in which confinement is to be inflicted as a punishment, or used as a means of detention; in other words, on the wisdom of the code of prison discipline." Ultimately, Livingston's ideas would prove more influential in Europe and the United Kingdom; hence this London imprint.

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LOT 06  /  "THE MEAT WAGON"
County of Northumberland 
[Scale of fees for the conveyance of prisoners].
Newcastle: Printed by Edw. Walker, [1829].
120 USD
Small broadside (23 x 18 cm.), printed under the seal of the County of Northumberland. Featuring a table of six rates for the conveyance of prisoners to the Tynemouth House of Corrections. With blind-stamp to top-right margin.
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LOT 07  /  HARD LABOUR
Great Britain. Parliament. House of Lords. Select Committee on Gaols and Houses of Corrections...
First report from the Select Committee of the House of Lords appointed to inquire into the present state of the several Gaols and Houses of Correction in England and Wales; with the Minutes of Evidence and an Appendix.
[London], 1835.
950 USD
Quarto. Modern binding, with Norwich binder's ticket to rear pastedown; three-quarter leather with papered-boards (34 cm.) and bright gilt lettering to three compartments on spine. Contents: iv, 315, [1] pages, followed by an appendix of [2], 174 pages. Illustrated with dozens of tables and three lithographic plates; one of those—of the ergometer—folding (33 x 44 cm.).

By 1835, the threat of "prisoner culture," and its largely self-inflicted nature, was recognized by the State: Prison was a space where prisoners spent time with other prisoners, where they talked amongst themselves, shared stories, learned, and plotted. Recidivism thus seemed to be a symptom of the prison that was otherwise supposed to follow the crime. In 1835, a Select Committee in the House of Lords was thus tasked with researching the prospect of instituting a version of "the separate system;" so named because it focused on the separation of prisoners, their silence, and their reflection, to avoid "contamination." Present here: the surprisingly-scarce first report from this Committee, presenting a series of six initial recommendations—with the goal of developing uniformity of discipline and diet across English and Welsh prisons, as supervised by a group of Inspectors—followed by a hefty mass of transcripts from the question-and-answer periods that constituted the Committee's Minutes of Evidence and an Appendix that reproduces additional written interviews conducted with prisoners and prison administrators.

Two of the Committee's witnesses particularly stand-out: Lieutenant John Sibly, Governor of the Brixton House of Corrections, with his Plan for a "solitary confinement prison" that accommodated 284 cells (see above). Sibly volunteered to the Committee to work salary-free for three years as this new prison's administrator, to prove its success. And John Mance, Keeper of the House of Corrections at Petworth in the County of Sussex, with an impressive 10 pp. testimony. Mance is here introduced as the inventor of the ergometer (literally "the scale of labour"), with his invention featured as the only folding lithograph in the publication. Amidst the debate of the tread-wheel—i.e. how to occupy prisoners' time with the silent-and-reflective labour afforded by the tread-wheel, and how to do so with principles of universality and (measurable) justice—Mance invented this device to quantify the justice to be metered-out to both skinny an muscular, novice and hardened criminal. The ergometer "is made to show the superintending officer the quantum of labour to be executed hourly, daily, and weekly... and notifies the officer and prisoners by an alarm bell when the day's work is executed." The other plate present to illustrate Mance's testimony: Plan of the three water regulators, or non-productive barrels, for regulating the labour of the crank house. The British Library reports only reprints; OCLC reports less than a half-dozen copies.

ON RESERVE
LOT 08  /  A PANOPTICON
(Ingleman, Richard)
Devizes Prison: block plan.
England, circa 1841.
1500 USD
Large ink-and-wash architectural drawing, on thick sheet of paper (59 x 47 cm.), with black-inked titles to top-centre. Drawn at scale of 1 cm. to 20 ft.

First-responsible for the design of the silent prison at the Southwell House of Corrections (1807), Richard Ingleman would pursue his niche as prison architect. He was unsuccessful in his bid for the Millbank Penitentiary, but was given the opportunity to replace the Old Bridewell Prison with the Devizes House of Corrections, constructed between 1810 and 1817. Devizes would qualify as one of the first wave of panopticon prisons, with the Governor's House positioned at its centre. Here: an original drawing of the prison's plan around 1841, when female prisoners were accommodated with their own cells, reception hall, laundry, and hospital; a design that now allows for a fascinating infographic, with the approximately 8-to-2 ratio between male and female prisoners clearly visible (presuming full capacity). Other features of the design that are visible here: the mill and tread-wheel, the chapel, disinfecting chambers, punishment cells, garden plots, wash-houses, and execution drop. This prison no longer exists.
 

SOLD
LOT 09  /  LANGUAGE
Anonymous
L'intérieur des prisons, réforme pénitentiaire, système cellulaire, emprisonnement en commun, suivis d'un dictionnaire renfermant les mots les plus usités dans le langage des prisons. Par un détenu.
Paris: Jules Labitte, Libraire, Passage des Panoramas, 1846.
450 USD
Octavo. Marbled boards (22 cm.), with gilt-lettered leather spine. Contents: [4], 249, [1] pages.

This anonymous work from a former prisoner is plainly critical of the philanthropists who had been helming the Reform movement. "Ces nouveaux réformateurs n'ayant vu que par les yeux d'une froide raison, et nullement à l'aide de l'observation des faits, il est arrivé que le régime intérieur des prisons est resté aujourd'hui moins connu que jamais. De là, les idées fausses, erronées, qu'on avait sur ce régime, ont continué d'avoir leur cours ordinaire." The approach here is instead sociological / anthropological, with attention to how the proposals of reformers affect the daily lives of prisoners. Included as an appendix, we find a fascinating 8 pp. glossary of prison language, as a "nouvelle langue d'emprunt." A flâneur was a baladeur, a surin was a knife, and to bore someone with your stories was to conduct jardiner. Cool was still chouetteWith only 4 OCLC records discovered in North America.
 

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LOT 10  /  COLONY—RURAL
Colonie Agricole et Pénitentiaire de Mettray 
Rapport annuel, addressé a Mm. les Membres de la Société Paternelle. Dixhuitième année.
Tours: Imprimerie Ladevèze / Paris: Au Bureau de l'Agence Générale, 1857.
450 USD
Sewn wrappers (21 cm.), with bucolic vignette illustrated to front panel. Presentation inscription from Director of the colony, Frédéric-Auguste Demetz. Contents: 33, [1] pages, concluding with 3 pp. list of Members of the "Société Paternelle pour l'Education Morale, Agricole et Professionelle des Jeune Détenus." Well-illustrated, with panoramic frontispiece and two large folding plates bound at rear, based on designs by architect Alexandre Thierry: (1) Project d'une maison de correction paternelle, being an architectural plan (31 x 44 cm.) and (2) Vue générale d'une maison de correction paternelle, a panoramic chomolithograph of the Colony's grounds (19 x 31 cm. ).

"Is it conceivable that the world was unaware of, did not even suspect, the existence of three hundred children who were organized in a rhythm of love and hate in the fairest spot of fairest Touraine? There, among the flowers and rare variety of trees, the Colony led its secret life, worrying the peasants for fifteen miles around, for they feared that a sixteen-year-old inmate might escape and set fire to their farms. Furthermore, as every peasant was given a fifty-franc reward for each runaway child he brought back, the Mettray countryside was the scene, night and day, of an actual child hunt, complete with pitchforks, shotguns, and dogs" (Jean Genet, Miracle of the rose).
 

In the late-1920s, Jean Genet spent three years as one of the inmates at Mettray, a penal colony that was set-up in 1840 to remove young male delinquents from the city environment and provide them with the moral instruction of agricultural labour, whilst living in units organized at the scale of the family structure. According to Foucault, it was with Mettray that the carceral system reached its true disciplinary form. "Or better still, perhaps, that glorious day, unremarked and unrecorded, when a child in Mettray remarked as he lay dying: 'What a pity I left the colony so soon.'" Here, in the annual report for 1857, we find the Director, Frédéric-Auguste Demetz, offering a reflection on the success of the Colony's moral model, along with a poem (Joseph: colon de Mettray) from Paul Huot, singing of an 18 year-old martyr not unlike Foucault's dying child above. Of note: two large folding plates bound at rear, attributed to the architect Alexandre Thierry—who replaced Guillaume-Abel Blouet as the Colony's Chief architect after the latter's death in 1853. Although offered without commentary, the plates appear to offer the Colony's governors a taste of Thierry's vision of a refurbished design, according to the plan of a Cross.

SOLD
LOT 11  /  COLONY—FOREIGN
Cerruti, G. Emilio
Della deportazione come base fondamentale delle riforme carcerarie e della colonizzazione italiana
Torino: Stabilimento Gius. Civelli, 1872. 
175 USD
Printed peach wrappers (22 cm.), with dedication inscription from Cerruti to front cover. Contents: 61, [1] pages; gatherings remain unopened.

A professor of Law, G. Emilio Cerruti here joined the debate around prison reform, and the end of capital punishment, in a post-Unification Italy that was bustling with liberal ideals. His  pragmatic proposal: the deportation of criminals outside the Italian peninsula. His major obstacle: Italy was without colonies to accommodate these criminals. Other proponents for deportation pushed for negotiations with Portugal for portions of Mozambique and Congo, and dispatched officials to look for uninhabited islands in Asia. Cerruti himself brokered deals for islands off the coast of New Guinea, where he argued that 32,000 prisoners could be deported, with local "cannibals" acting as disincentives to escape. With only specific classes of criminals so-deported, the much-less-crowded prisons in Italy could then be retro-fitted to more rehabilitative ends. With only 2 OCLC records discovered (British Library and Northwestern); 6 on SBN. 
 

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LOT 12  /  CELLS
Conseil Supérieur des Prisons  /  Normand, Alfred (architect)
Documents [sammelband].
Paris, 1875-1880.
2400 USD
Wide leather spine, with five raised bands and gilt lettering to two compartments, over marbled boards (34 cm.). With provenance stamps throughout from Fernand Desportes. Compendium of 29 items (both printed and manuscript), being (1) Liste et adresses de M.m. les Membres du Conseil Supérieur des Prisons (février 1879) / Institution du Conseil et règlement intérieur: [20] pages of lithographically-reproduced text; (2) Adresses di Conseil Supérieur des Prisons: 4 pp. of manuscript roll-call; (4) [Texte de la loi sur le régime des prisons départementales, adoptée le 5 juin 1875], Ministère de l'Intérieur, 1875: 34 pages; (5) Etat des maisons d'arrêt, de justice et de correction... à approprier, à transformer ou à reconstruire: engraved folding table (48 x 38 cm.); (6) Alfred Normand, Dispositions générales et particulières, relatives à la construction des prisons suivant le système cellulaire. Paris: Imprimerie nationale, 1875. Printed in two parts, and preserved without wrappers: [2], 34 pages / [2], 21, [1] pages, with 6 folding plates of architectural diagrams (26 x 45 cm.); (7) Programme pour la construction des prisons départementales en vue de la mise en pratique du système de la séparation individuelle: 16 page report from the Conseil, heavily annotated and corrected by Desportes; (9) Note sur l'éxecution de la loi du 5 juin 1875. Situation au 30 juin 1876: 16 pages of engraved text, followed by [14] pages of engraved tables providing specific updates on prisons across France;  and (22)  Fernand Desportes, Rapport sur les objects exposés par les services pénitentiaires à l'Exposition Universelle de 1878: 27, [1] pages.

On June 5, 1875, after three years of inquiry, the National Assembly of France ruled that all prisons must adopt a "cellular" system: one prisoner, one cell. The philosophy behind the reform was one matter; the logistics of costs and implementation were something else entirely. In order to direct and oversee this sweeping reform, the Ministry of the Interior instituted the Conseil Supérieur des Prisons. One of the nominated Members was the lawyer Fernand Desportes, who would later serve as General Secretary of the Société Générale des Prisons and publish a number of works on penology and recidivism. The present compendium was assembled by Desportes, documenting the activities of the Conseil until 1880.

In addition to five annual reports from the Conseil, the compendium preserves biographical information about Members, two reports written by Desportes himself (one describing penal innovations at the 1878 Exposition Universelle), and updates on specific construction and renovation projects. And—perhaps most significantly—a two-part report from architect Alfred Normand, who had been named Inspecteur Général des Édifices Pénitentiaires in 1861, addressing the challenges of "cellular" architecture, with the second part including his observations from travels through Belgium and the Netherlands. The latter is complete with six folding plates, illustrating prison plans and cell design at facilities in Louvain, Bruges, Anvers, Ghent, and Rotterdam. (One of the two illustrations from Louvain displays plumbing solutions for cell toilets). With only a single OCLC record discovered for this publication by Normand, at the Ecole nationale des Ponts et Chaussées in Paris.
 

SOLD
LOT 13 /  BRUTALITY
Joubert, Carl
Ninety six hours in a Russian prison.
[London?], circa 1904.
350 USD
Preserved in contemporary brad-bound alligator folder. Contents: [2], 10 pages of typescript, with two corrections. Signed by Joubert in conclusion.

Author of Russia as it really is (1905), Carl Joubert here recounts a fascinating tale, of how he was voluntarily thrown-into a Russian prison at Kaluga, in order to clandestinely deliver a message to the friend of a State official who had been wrongfully arrested and was at risk of disappearance. "I explained that I wished for the experience as I had found myself at one time or another in nearly every condition of life in Russia; but never a prisoner in jail. [His host's] uproarious mirth brought his wife to the room." Joubert writes of the stench and filth and the cruelty with which the prisoners were treated. "And then I was witness to a scene which for savage brutality I have never surpassed. Seven women were marched to the posts, secured and strapped as the men had been. Some of them were quite young women, and their shame at being exposed naked to the lascivious gaze of the soldiers was pitiful. Others were older and hardened. These cursed the officer and soldiers who were to be their executioners, paying no heed to the baring of their limbs, and shameless. The shrieks of the miserable women beneath the lash made my blood run cold... In my impotence I cursed aloud the Tsar and his laws and the officers who did his bidding; but the sound of my voice was unheard in the courtyard by reason of the cries of the women bound to the cross bars." Joubert's report was eventually published in the Australian journal The Mercury in 1904.

SOLD
LOT 14  /  TATTOOS
Mirabella, Emanuele  /  Lombroso, Cesare (prologue) 
Il tatuaggio dei domiciliati coatti in Favignana.
Napoli: Francesco Perrella, 1906. Second edition, revised.
750 USD
Rebound in plain modern wrappers (24 cm.). Contents: 103, [5] pages, followed by 11 leaves of plates that feature 42 photographic images of tattoed prisoners (captioned, with some minor trimming) and dozens of sociological tables. Staining to first few pages of text, but otherwise a well-preserved copy of a scarce edition.

In 1878, the Director of the penal colony at Favignana commented that he had two major classes of "forced residents" living on his island off the Sicilian coast: mafia and socialists. Here, in 1906, one of the chief psychiatric officials on the island produces a Lombroso-sanctioned analysis of tattoos amongst the convicts, illustrated after 42 dramatic photographs of  the tattoos of shirtless-and-masked men. This second edition was a revision on earlier published research; since then, Mirabella notes that he'd paid close attention to the rise in tattoos specifically related to politics and vendetta. His research is captured here not only in the striking photographs, but also in the 58 pp. of sociological tables, in which he provides the context in which the tattoos should be read. "A singular characteristic of the criminal is his desire to express himself through his tattoos; his thoughts, passions, tendencies, and the movements of his soul. It's a kind of surgery." With no OCLC copies discovered, save for a 2012 facsimile.
 

SOLD
LOT 15  /  CEMETERY
(Prisoners of War)
[Comprehensive photo album of WWI prison camp].
Müncheberg, circa 1915.
2400 USD
Clothbound album (12 x 17cm.), housing  91 photographs (mostly 53 x 78 cm., or the reverse), on individually-hinged mounts, and one postcard of the camp with pencil annotations, mounted to rear endpaper.

Circa 1915, from a POW camp outside of Berlin: this album captures life in the prison camp in all its varied detail, with images of the camp architecture, meals, sleeping arrangements, medical treatment, barber shops, gardens, games of cards and rugby, and prisoners engaged in artistic pursuits: including violin, painting, reading, sculpture, weaving, and a local theatre, performing Sasha Guitry's La Prise de Berg-op-ZoomWith special focus on the prisoners' maintenance of their own cemetery, for which they designed a memorial.

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LOT 16  /  EDUCATION
Richard, Pierre
Rapport du Capitaine Pierrard et du Lietuenant Richard sur les méthodes d'instruction politique utilisées par le Viet-Minh dans les camps de prisonniere (Sous-officiers et Hommes de Troupe).
Saigon, September 1954.
350 USD
Mimeographed report of 10 pages; side-stapled to plain wrappers. Accompanied by typescript draft of a work later published by Richard as Cinq ans prisonnier des Viets (1975), being 101 typescript pages, with corrections; housed in portfolio, with remains of amateur tape binding.

Eventually imprisoned for five years by the Viet-Minh, Pierre Richard here co-authors a report on the political education that was enforced on prisoners of war, as of September 1950, with its twin focus on both Marxist and anti-colonial doctrine. Lieut. Richard and Capt. Pierrard outline the apparent goals of the education programmes, their reception by prisoners of various nationalities, and general talking points employed: such as the development of the new man through labour and the U.S.S.R. as vehicle for global peace. With a rather crude conclusion, in determining the Soviet influence on these camps: "Mais, dans l'ensemble, entre le rouge et le jaune, c'est le rouge qui prédomine."
 

PURCHASE / INQUIRE
LOT 17  /  POP
Warhol, Andy
[Invitation-poster to 1966 exhibition]. 
Milano: Gian Enzo Sperone, 1966. 
850 USD
A striking broadside mailer (43 x 55 cm.), showing previous fold-lines. After Warhol's 1964 Electric chair screenprint, her printed in black on peach-coloured paper, with angled white lettering below the subtle "Silence" sign. Save for the fold-lines, a remarkably well-preserved specimen of Warhol ephemera.
PURCHASE / INQUIRE
LOT 18  /  DRUGS
Barritt, Brian  /  Leary, Timothy
Whisper: a timescript.
London: Whisper Promotions, 1971.
250 USD
Black boards (22 cm.), with subtle gilt-stamped design. Introduction signed by Barritt in blue marker. Lacks the dustjacket that was fashioned after the original publication, to help distinguish the otherwise Bible-like binding. Illustrated after line drawings by Barritt and black-and-white photography. Contents: 128 pages. Accompanied by desktop-printed letter by Barritt, signed (approx. 200 words, circa 1998).

"These writings were smuggled out of Her Majesty's prison between November 1966 and September 1969. They are the psychological form of 864, a pusher sentenced to four years meditation for customs evasion and possession of four pounds of hashish." Pusher 864 being future psychedelic icon Brian Barritt, who would ask his friends Timothy and Rosemary Leary to provide a postscript, which they would do with their 7 pp. The wanderers, in which they riff on the language of "neurolog" and furnish Barritt with some promotional copy: "We'll right a for-ward to your whispers brother. Here's a blurb: WHISPER IS PURE PERFECT SCRIPT. Will that help you brother?" This copy is accompanied by Barritt's response to one Dave, regarding the difference in potency between 1960s hash and the contemporary Superskunk 1. "By what standards do you judge such a thing? Drugs open doors, it is not the dug that is good or not so good, it is the interpretation you put on the experience.. each decade has a different vibe but in the last analisis it depends on the individual" [sic].

PURCHASE / INQUIRE
LOT 19  /  ART
Bronson, Charles
There is no escape.. Madness is forever.
[HM Prison Whitemoor], 1999.
500 USD
Green-and-black ink drawing, painter-over with multi-coloured wash, on sheet of thick paper (298 x 206 mm), showing some waving. Signed and dated by Bronson to right margin.

Charles Bronson, born Michael Gordon Peterson—and now rechristened Charles Salvador (after his favourite painter Dalí)—has often been dubbed "Britain's most violent prisoner." Since first being imprisoned for petty theft in 1974, Bronson has remained almost entirely behind bars—and solitary confinement cages—for his refusal to submit to prison discipline. For those who've watched Nicolas Winding Refn's 2008 Bronson, with Tom Hardy in the titular role, Bronson comes close to qualifying as performance artist / Actionist, given the absurd spectacle of his jailers needing to disable his constantly-punching, kicking, head-butting body, all without taking his life. Bronson would eventually find some peace in the 1990s, through his prolific drawing and painting; although with some hiccups. The present artwork was produced by Bronson in 1999, after taking an education worker hostage for allegedly criticizing one of his paintings. 
 

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