State of the Union
The Poverty and Inequality Report

Our fourth annual State of the Union issue of Pathways Magazine is now available! In this year’s issue, the country’s leading experts examine racial and ethnic inequalities in the United States. 

Table of Contents

Executive Summary
David Grusky, Charles Varner, and Marybeth Mattingly
Are our country’s policies for reducing racial and ethnic inequalities getting the job done? The simple answer: No.
Michael Hout
Even after the recovery, 1 in 9 African Americans and 1 in 6 Hispanics fear a job loss within one year. Why?
Linda M. Burton, Marybeth Mattingly, Juan Pedroza, and Whitney Welsh
We remain two Americas: a high-poverty America for blacks, Hispanics, and Native Americans, and a (relatively) low-poverty America for whites and Asians.
Safety Net
Mark Duggan and Valerie Scimeca
The safety net, which is supposed to serve an equalizing function, sometimes works to exacerbate racial and ethnic inequalities within the low-income population.
Matthew Desmond
Whereas 1 in 6 black and Hispanic households dedicate at least half of their income to housing costs, only 1 in 12 white households do. How did that happen?
Sean F. Reardon and Erin M. Fahle
Between 1990 and 2015, average academic performance improved for students of all racial and ethnic groups, but grew fastest among black and Hispanic students. The result: White-black and white-Hispanic achievement gaps declined by 15 to 25 percent.  
Becky Pettit and Bryan Sykes
Did you think that all that talk about criminal justice reform has brought about a sea change in racial inequalities in incarceration? Think again.
Rucker C. Johnson
We could reduce large and persistent racial gaps in health in one fell swoop. Find out how. 
Colin Peterson, C. Matthew Snipp, and Sin Yi Cheung
Between 1970 and 2010, the earnings gap between whites and other groups has narrowed, but most of that decline was secured in the immediate aftermath of the Civil Rights Movement. 
Thomas Shapiro
African-Americans have less than 8 cents and Hispanics less than 10 cents of wealth for every dollar amassed by whites.
Intergenerational Mobility
Florencia Torche
The persistence of poverty has long been stronger for blacks than whites. However, beginning with generations that came of age in the mid-1960s, the white-black gap in the chance of escaping poverty has closed significantly.

Funding from the Elfenworks Foundation gratefully acknowledged. The contents of this issue are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views or official policies of the Stanford Center on Poverty and Inequality or any of its funders.
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The Stanford Center on Poverty and Inequality, a program of the Institute for Research in the Social Sciences at Stanford University, is partly supported by the Corporation for National and Community Service, the Elfenworks Foundation, Laura and John Arnold Foundation, the National Science Foundation, the State of California, Sunlight Giving, The Annie E. Casey Foundation, The Ballmer Group, The James Irvine Foundation, Tides Foundation, the UPS Endowment at Stanford University, and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation).

Copyright © 2017 Stanford Center on Poverty and Inequality, All rights reserved.

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