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Kyiv, Ukraine, on the first day of the Russian invasion, on February 24, 2022.
Hello <<FIRST NAME & LAST NAME>>

It's with a heavy heart that we welcome you to the spring edition of this newsletter, as the war in Ukraine is still raging.

In the midst of these devastating circumstances, the European Institute for Animal Law & Policy published its first report on March 1st, “For a More Humane Union: A Legal Assessment of EU Farm Animal Welfare Legislation.”

The day of the publication, we hosted a launch event – our first event – co-sponsored by Compassion in World Farming EU and three political parties of the European Parliament (NGL/The Left, The Greens, and Renew). 185 attendees from 31 different countries, mostly within the EU, joined us for this special event, and we also had attendees from the Americas (including Chile, Brazil, Bolivia, and Peru) to the Middle East (Israel and the UAE) and India.

The event gathered three Members of the European Parliament and two European Commission officials, along with several lawyers specializing in EU animal law. Additionally, we received support from two seasoned moderators, Elliot Teperman (The Coller Foundation) and Eddy Wax, a journalist at Politico Europe, each of whom moderated a panel.

You can read a summary of the event here, and a replay of the event is available here until April 12.

RESEARCH BRIEF

This quarter’s publication is our report, “For a More Humane Union: A Legal Assessment of EU Farm Animal Welfare Legislation.”

Download the report

ANIMAL LAW EUROPE NEWS

Mila Arabadzhieva, a student in European law and agricultural law  at the Sorbonne Law School, has joined our team as an intern and will be with us from March until September. Mila is originally from Bulgaria, and she speaks Bulgarian, French, and English.

EU ANIMAL LAW & POLICY UPDATES

Animal Law News
 
European Union
  • New Laws

The EU Organic Regulation entered into force on January 1st: Regulation (EU) 2018/848 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 May 2018 on organic production and labeling of organic products (Organic Regulation) and Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2020/464 of 26 March 2020 laying down certain rules for the application of Regulation (EU) 2018/848 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards the documents needed for the retroactive recognition of periods for the purpose of conversion, the production of organic products and information to be provided by Member States (Organic Implementing Regulation 2020/464) entered into force on January 1st. The new regulation establishes rules for organic production in the EU, including animal-source food products. Compared to the previous rules, the new Organic Regulation now applies to certain farmed fish, as well as  to rabbits, deer, breeding sows, and egg-laying hens. The new rules further limit the maximum number of animals per farm in broiler and egg production. 
You can find an analysis of the new rules here (in French).

The EU Antibiotics Regulation 2019/4 and 2019/6 entered into force on January 28th: Regulation (EU) 2019/4 on the Manufacture, Placing on the Market and Use of Medicated Feed, and Regulation (EU) 2019/6 on Veterinary Medicinal Products entered into force on January 28th. These two regulations set out rules for the sale, manufacture, import, export, supply, distribution, control and use of veterinary medicinal products and medicated feed. Key among these new rules are additional restrictions on the prophylactic use of antimicrobials and the adoption of a ban on the import of animal-source products with growth promoters.
You can learn more about the use of antibiotics in animal agriculture and the new EU regulations in our previous quarterly research note. “Resisting Antimicrobial Resistance: Regulating the Use of Antibiotics in EU Animal Agriculture” (in collaboration with The Jeremy Coller Foundation), and in this report by Four Paws, with a chapter authored by Alice Di Concetto.
 

  • Proposals
Proposal for a Revision of the Industrial Emissions Directive (published on April 5th): The proposal aims to regulate industrial greenhouse gas emissions, including from animal agriculture.
 
  • Infringement Procedures

More on infringement procedures: Infringement decisions occur when the EU executive “pursues legal action against Member States for failing to comply with their obligations under EU law.”  More information on infringement procedures can be found on page 53 of our report, “For a More Humane Union.”

Letter of Formal Notice
Netherlands – Wild Animals (Bycatch): The Commission called on the Netherlands to comply with its obligations under the Habitats Directive to monitor the incidental capture and killing (by-catch) of harbor porpoises by fishing vessels, as well as to comply with measures to prevent the disturbance of the species in Natura 2000 sites. The Commission also signaled that the Netherlands has failed to transpose into its national legislation the requirement of the Habitats Directive for Member States to monitor incidental capture and killing of strictly protected species. 

Croatia – Wild Animals (Fish): The Commission is calling on Croatia to comply with EU rules to ensure an effective monitoring, control, and inspection system for Croatian bluefin tuna farms.

Latvia – Wild Animals (Lynx): The Commission is calling on Latvia to comply with EU rules under the Habitats Directive by establishing a strict protection regime for the animal species listed, which includes the lynx species.


Reasoned Opinions
Belgium – Wild Animals (Fish): Following a letter of formal notice in October of 2020, the Commission calls on Belgium to ensure full compliance with the Fisheries Control Regulation (Council Regulation 1224/2009). Specifically, the Commission asks the Belgian government to enact control measures for weighing, transport, and traceability of fisheries products and registration of catches to avoid overfishing and non-compliance with quotas.
 

  • Public Consultations

Public Consultation
Sustainability in AgricultureCommunication on sustainability agreements in agriculture (until May 23rd), which is an initiative by the European Commission to provide agricultural producers and other operators with guidance on how to assess whether sustainability agreements fulfill the conditions for granting an exemption from EU competition rules. This will help small agricultural producers achieve sustainability standards by improving their market position.
Pollinators: Communication on the EU pollinators initiative (until June 9th)
Animal Testing: Proposal for a revision of the Cosmetic Products Regulation (until June 21st)

Draft Act
Animal Testing: Regulation 440/2008 listing the approved methods for testing chemicals (until April 7th)

Commission Adoption
Fishes: Update of EU rules on conservation and enforcement measures for the Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization (until April 14th)
Consumer Information: Proposal for a directive aiming to regulate commercial claims on the environmental impact of products (‘greenwashing’) and to set minimum requirements for sustainability logos & labels (until May 29th) 
Food Labeling: Proposal for a revision of the Regulation on EU Geographical Indications Scheme (until June 1st)

 
Member States

🇫🇷 France – Farm Animals (Chick culling): On February 5th, France adopted a decree banning chick culling in egg production. The decree requires producers to use in ovo sexing technlogies that determine the sex of the embryo no later than the fifteenth day of incubation, or by any other means providing equivalent guarantees. 

🇩🇪 Germany – Farm Animals (Chick culling): Following the revision of the German Animal Welfare Act on August 10th, the prohibition on chick culling entered into force on January 1st in Germany.

🇬🇷 Greece – Farmed Animals (Slaughter): Following a 2021 ruling by the Higher Administrative Court, which ruled slaughter without stunning contravened Greek legislation on animal welfare, the Greek administration amended the rules implementing the EU Slaughter Regulation (Regulation 1099/2009) to allow slaughter without stunning for religious purposes.

🇮🇹 Italy – Animals in the Constitution: On March 9th, the Italian Constitution was amended to recognize the protection of animals, the environment, biodiversity, and ecosystems.

🇪🇸 Spain – Companion Animals, Anti-Cruelty Laws, and Animals in Captivity: On February 18th, the Spanish government proposed a new law, which would:
- Ban the sale of companion animals in pet shops.
- Prohibit zoos from buying or breeding non-native species.
- Prohibit the use of wild animals in circuses.
- Enact harsher criminal penalties for animal abusers, including jail time.

🇪🇸 Spain – Farm Animals (Pigs): The State of Castilla-La Mancha passed a moratorium on the construction of industrial hog farms.

 
Global Animal Law News
 

🇪🇨 Ecuador – Animal Rights: In a ruling, the Constitutional Court of Ecuador recognized the rights of a monkey named Estrellita.

🇮🇸 Iceland – Hunting (Whales): The Icelandic government announced it would prohibit whale hunting by 2024. Iceland is one of only three countries in the world, along with Norway and Japan, to allow whale hunting for commercial purposes.

🇮🇱 Israel – Farm Animals (Egg-laying hens): The Israeli Agriculture Ministry prohibited the use of cages in egg production by way of a regulation, which also bans forced-molting, debeaking, and beak trimming. The ban on the use of cages will enter into effect on June 1st 2029.

🇳🇴 Norway – Companion Animals (Breeding): On January 31st the Oslo District Court ruled that the breeding of British Bulldogs and Cavalier King Charles Spaniards violated the Norwegian Animal Welfare Act. The court ruling has been appealed by the defendant. 

🇱🇰 Sri Lanka – All Animals: The Sri Lankan government adopted an Animal Welfare bill, which aims to protect animals from cruelty and abuse, with new offenses including the abandonment of animals and intentional deprivation of food and water.

🇬🇧 United Kingdom – Farm Animals (Slaughter): The Protection of Animals at the Time of Killing Regulations, which introduced the use of a new slaughter method for lambs, piglets, and kids, has entered into effect.

🇺🇸 United States – Wild Animals (Sharks): The State of Hawaii banned shark fishing.

Replays

The European Institute for Animal Law & Policy and Compassion in World Farming EU presented a webinar on EU farm animal welfare legislation on March 1st. The event was co-hosted by three Members of the European Parliament (MEPs): Anja Hazekamp (GUE/NGL, NL), Sylwia Spurek (The Greens, PL), and Michal Wiezik (Renew Europe, SK).

During this event, Alice Di Concetto, legal advisor and founder of the European Institute for Animal Law & Policy, presented the Institute’s latest white paper, “For a More Humane Union: A Legal Analysis of EU Farm Animal Welfare Laws,” which is the first comprehensive review of EU farm animal welfare legislation. Di Concetto presented the impetus for drafting the report, as well as its content. She gave a detailed account of the history of EU farm animal welfare legislation and the current regulatory framework, and she offered legal recommendations to overcome the legislation’s current shortcomings. 

Read the summary here. The video of the event is available until April 12th.

Campaigns
Publications
 
Academic Publications

Calls for Contribution

Job Posting

✨ Lastly, a well-earned note of congratulations to Ilyana Aït Ahmed for winning the First Prize at the French Moot Animal Law Competition!

👉 Would you like us to include your updates (calls for contributions, publications, events, campaigns, etc.) in future European Institute for Animal Law & Policy newsletters? Send them to contact@animallaweurope.com.

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