The European Union (EU) Regulation on Ship Recycling* will enter into force on 30 December, 2013.
The regulation’s initial impact will be limited because most requirements do not come into effect immediately. Some will come into effect at a fixed time while others are conditional on the official published ship recycling capacity available for EU-flagged ships.
Key aspects of the regulation
The regulation is mostly aligned with the IMO Hong Kong Convention on Ship Recycling (the Hong Kong Convention) but some aspects differ. There was a general expectation that the regulation would require EU member states to ratify the Hong Kong Convention, but it only “authorises” member states to ratify parts of it.
The regulation requires the establishment of a list of approved ship recycling facilities (the ‘EU list’) which meet the design, construction and operation requirements of the EU but may be anywhere in the world. EU facilities will be approved by national authorities and non-EU facilities by independent verifiers. The list is expected not later than 31 December, 2016.
EU-flagged ships will be required to engage a recycling facility from the EU list to prepare a ship recycling plan prior to recycling. This requirement will not apply until six months after the list includes sufficient capacity.
An inventory of hazardous materials (IHM) will be required for all ships entering EU ports, as well as for EU-flagged ships. Newbuilds will need an IHM not later than 31 December, 2018. Ships going for recycling will need an IHM as soon as the EU list is published, but not before 31 December, 2014.
The requirements for an IHM are expected to be more onerous than for the Hong Kong Convention’s IHM, specifically concerning accuracy and comprehensiveness. Guidance is expected to be produced by the European Commission on implementation.
The regulation provides clarity on the movement of ships to be recycled by amending the European Waste Shipment Regulation (Regulation (EC) No 1013/2006) and declaring it not applicable to ships.
The official text of the regulation can be found here
Support from Lloyd’s Register
Lloyd’s Register can support you with implementation of the regulation through our range of ship recycling services. These include IHM verification, based on our extensive experience, with more than 1,400 IHM contracts in place, and other services for meeting the requirements of the Hong Kong Convention.
* The full title of the Regulation is Regulation (EU) No 157/013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 November 2013 on ship recycling and amending Regulation (EC) No 1013/006 and Directive 009/16/EC