â€œAll the Reasons in the World Not Toâ€: Learning (and good humor) in Honor of Edgar Bronfman
Rabbi Mishael Zion | Moonshine Tevet | The Bronfman Fellowships
â€œIn the hour of a personâ€™s passing, neither silver nor gold nor precious stones accompany them, but only Learning and Good Deedsâ€ (Pirkei Avot Chapter 6 Mishna 9) â€œand their jokesâ€¦â€ (anonymous gloss, 5775)
This Friday, 18 of Tevet (January 9) will mark the first anniversary (â€œyahrtzeitâ€) of Edgar M. Bronfmanâ€™s passing. As a community of learning, we marked his passing 12 months ago with communal text study. We invite you to join Bronfmanim the world over to dedicate some time this week to learning in Edgarâ€™s memory, an ancient Jewish tradition that responds to death by increasing life and learning. Some ways to take part include:
Joining me for an online text study in Edgar's memory on Moses and the Burning Bush at 1pm EST this Thursday, January 8th (please email email@example.com for call in info).
Adding your voice to the Bronfman Divrei Torah Project by writing a dvar torah on this week's portion dedicated to Edgar (please email me at firstname.lastname@example.org to let me know if you are)
This weekâ€™s Torah portion, Shemot, tells of Mosesâ€™s travails as a young leader.
This story was a favorite of Edgarâ€™s, and served as an inspiration to him as he travelled Soviet capitals in the 1980â€™s to demand â€œLet my People Go.â€ As I studied the weekly Torah portion in honor of Edgarâ€™s Yahrtzeit I asked myself what I missed most about him. The first thing that came to mind was our weekly study sessions at the Foundation offices. But on second thought, what I missed most were his jokes. This monthâ€™s Moonshine study packets are thus dedicated to those two elements: a collection of texts to study, and a collection of Edgarâ€™s jokes. Iâ€™ve also added â€“ at the end â€“ a brief thought on the weekly portion from my own studies. We hope other Bronfmanim will be sharing their
words of Torah this week as well â€“ may all these efforts contribute to increasing the joyous Torah which Edgar first invited us to partake in all those years ago.
Portrait of a Young Leader: A collection of sources on Young Moses â€“ interpretations from the 12th century to the 21st â€“ on the story of Mosesâ€™ first steps as a moral and political leader, can be downloaded here. If youâ€™re lacking a hevruta with which to study these texts, you can hear my rendition of them on this Youtube link.
Humor in service of the Jewish People: â€œWhen one wants to understand the essence of something, one must seek out the jokes of that placeâ€ said Reb Nachman of Breslov, and Edgar would have surely agreed. Edgar told his story of leadership in service of the Jewish people in â€œThe Making of a Jewâ€ (1996), and interspersed in the book are some of his best (publishable) jokes. Iâ€™ve scanned the pages where such jokes are mentioned in this 15-page pdf excerpt. Reading the excerpts before and after each joke one gets a (somewhat random but equally effective) insight into the adventures and leadership of Edgar M. Bronfman zâ€l.
(Finally â€“ my own contribution of Torah in honor of Edgar) Excuses, Excuses
The highlight of this weekâ€™s Torah portion is the story of the burning bush. What we wouldnâ€™t do to encounter a bush that charges us with that which we should take on in our lives. And how terrifying an experience that must be. Moses, for his part, upon first hearing from God, has a very clear response: he hides his face, then proceeds to say â€œNOâ€, five different ways. God persists, again and again, until He is so fully God is enraged that a belligerent Moses accepts the charge. Each refusal of Mosesâ€™ was wrapped in a different excuse, and studying these five excuses is a telling experience. The full text of their conversation, with the refusals highlights, can be found here.
God called to him out of the midst of the bush, and said... â€˜I am the God of your father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.â€™
And Moses hid his face; for he was afraid to look upon God.
Mosesâ€™ refusals follow an interesting pattern. They begin with himself â€“ â€œWho am Iâ€ but then turn to seemingly pragmatic considerations: â€œwhat shall I say to themâ€, â€œthey wonâ€™t believe meâ€. Yet when God supplies him with (cryptic) answers for the Israelites and (scary) miracles for Pharoah, Moses reverts back to hiding behind his own self understanding: â€œI am slow of speech, slow of tongueâ€. Finally, his most cutting and chutzpadik response: â€œSend I pray thee by the hand of him you shall sendâ€ â€“ or in other words â€œsend anyone but meâ€.
This long list of excuses is reminiscent of a very different list, compiled by Franz Kafka in his collection â€œContemplationâ€:
Passers-by | Franz Kafka, Contemplation (1912)
When one is taking a walk through the street at night,
and a man â€” already visible from a distance because the street rises in front of us and the moon is full â€” runs toward us, we will not tackle him,
even if he is weak and ragged, even if someone is running behind him and screaming,
but rather we will let him continue running.
Because it is night,
and it isn't our fault that the street is rising before us in the full moon,
and besides, maybe these two have staged this chase for their own entertainment,
maybe both of them are pursuing a third,
maybe the first man is being pursued even though he is innocent,
maybe the second man wants to kill him and we will become accomplices to the murder,
maybe the two of them know nothing about one another and each is going independently to his bed,
maybe they are sleepwalkers,
maybe the first man is armed.
And after all, don't we have a right to be tired, haven't we drunk a lot of wine?
We are happy when the second man has also vanished from sight.
Kafkaâ€™s character, like Moses, feels called to action, yet quickly disassembles the call with a series of doubts and questions. The situations might seem very distant from eachother: a direct calling from God versus an encounter with two strangers running in the night. Interestingly their list of excuses diverge as well â€“ Kafka focuses on our ability to read the situation. Moses focuses on whether he is the right person for the job. Yet at the end of the day, they are both asking â€œwhy me?â€ For Kafka the answer is clear: there is no â€œwhy meâ€ - I am here randomly, and â€œit isn't our fault that the street is rising before us in the full moon.â€ We could have easily been on a different street, or on a moonless night. I am not called, my mere and random presence here presents no moral claim on me. For Moses, however, what eventually appeases him is the knowledge that Aaron will be at his side:
And the anger of the LORD was kindled against Moses, and He said: â€˜Is not thy brother Aaron the Levite? I know that he can speak well. And also, behold, he comes forth to meet thee; and when he sees you, he will be glad in his heart. And thou shalt speak unto him, and put the words in his mouth; and I will be with thy mouth, and with his mouth, and will teach you what ye shall do. (16) And he shall be thy spokesman unto the people; and it shall come to pass, that he shall be to thee a mouth, and thou shalt be to him in Godâ€™s stead. (Exodus 14-16)
The promise of a brother, a hevruta, someone who will be happy to see you and one who will balance out your shortcomings â€“ this seems to change Mosesâ€™ mind. One wonders â€“ would Kafkaâ€™s response been different had he had a companion with him that night?
One last thought on Moses being â€œKvad peh,â€ slow to speak. Moses goes through a process through which he turns from being someone of â€œslow speechâ€ to being one of the greatest orators of Human civilization. The book of Deuteronomy, Devarim, is in fact three long speeches which Moses delivers to the people of Israel before they embark into the promised land and he disembarks from this world. The three speeches end with a poem, a song, Haâ€™azinu, and a series of blessings. How this man, who began as a reluctant leader of slurred speech, became a stirring orator and finally a poet, is perhaps the most inspiring journey of all. As we overcome our own excuses, as we find ourselves called to leadership from surprising places, may we discover in ourselves unknown strengths and abilities, and grow into places we hardly ever imagined.