List 09:  "Who's in the bunker, who's in the bunker..."
TERMS:  From our Department of Human Sciences: a short list of rare materials relating to the subject of War, as psychological experience. Because the Cloud forgets. Purchases are guaranteed to be catalogued, packed, and delivered to the collector's satisfaction; refunds eligible within 10 days of receipt.  Reciprocal terms are extended to the trade; institutional policies are accommodated. Prices are listed in American dollars (USD); sold items will be updated regularly. Shipping is charged at cost. Payment accepted via PayPal, cheque, & some credit cards. Phone (416-729-7043) or email ( for acquisition inquiries; priority given to first interest. Our next list concerns phrenology, and the fetishization of Brain more generally; quotes of relevant materials are welcomed. Subscribe to receive advance copies of future lists.
Latest German musket-proof cuirass for infantry
New York: International Press Photo Co., circa 1910.

Wire story. Three page typescript , accompanied by 6 silver gelatin photographs (18 x 13 cm.), illustrating the success of Schauman's cuirass invention. Affixed to versos are imprints for International Press Photo Co., naming Franz Otto Koch as proprietor. With manuscript captions to all six photos, with two also accompanied by typescript captions in German.
Firmly fixed on the rear view mirror, the story pitched here by Franz Otto Koch's German-American news agency concerns the potential evolution in War tactics, on the strength of Oskar Schauman's invention of a cuirass light enough to be worn by infantry, moving beyond Krupp's rigid armour plating. The accompanying photographs—including one which captures a top-hatted Schauman demonstrating his invention—document comparative evidence of the cuirass's resilience, as exhibited to a group of German businessmen.
END OF LOT 01   Contact for purchase inquiries.
What No Man's Land looks like.  Western Front, circa 1914
Ferrotyped silver gelatin print (17 x 21 cm), with typescript caption affixed to verso, along with photographer's stamp.
The caption here supplied by news photographers Kadel & Herbert reads: "Above photograph gives one a good idea of what No Man's Land is like. Bodies of the soldiers seen in the photograph have fallen between the trenches during the months of fighting. So constant was the fire from both sides that there was no possible chance to bury the dead."
END OF LOT 02   Contact for purchase inquiries.
LOT 03  /  FRONT
[Trench diary of a chemical weapons soldier from the Royal Engineers Chemical Section].  Western Front, 1915–1917
Leather-bound Walker's Memorandum Book (13 cm. tall), with "Swan" ink tablet still preserved in sleeve at spine. Manuscript contents comprise 50 unnumbered leaves, almost entirely composed of dated diary entries (rectos only), with a number of lists appearing on the final leaves (addresses, payments received, personal budgets). Preserved within inner sleeve at rear panel: (1) five wartime currency notes (issued from d'Amiens, Bethune, Havre, St-Omer, and Tréport), (2) a reinforced clipping of a poem by Harold Begbie ("Fall in!"), and (3) a gelatin silver print (6 x 11 cm.), presumably depicting the diarist, in uniform, on a dispatch motorcycle.
A remarkable diary documenting the realities of the first generation of chemical warfare soldiers in the British Army. Rushed into being after Germany's success with chemical weapons in the Spring of 1915, the Chemical Section of the Royal Engineers formed Special Companies of technically-skilled men at their Depot at Helfaut, just south of Saint-Omer in the Pas-de-Calais region. Without naming himself directly—save for introducing the diary with a list of Corporals (Jackson and Diment) and Privates for "Team B"—the diarist makes his first proper entry upon being transferred from the Machine Gun Section to the Chemical Section in September 1915, only a few weeks before the first British mobilization of chemical weapons during the Battle of Loos. Following his month-long training at Helfaut, the diarist is attached to the 15th section of the 187th Company, first entering the trenches on December 17, where—for the next year and a half—he would manage the supply, disposal, and potential bombardment of gas shells. The diary ends suddenly on April 15, 1917, after a series of hurried entries referring to the diarist's work with the advancing artillery in the Somme Offensive.
"Dec 17th, '15.  Went into trenches in charge of infantry to [supply chemical] cylinders. Were sent out with leather jerkins + top boots... Infantry party met us and carried cylinders to trolley track along which the cylinders [traveled until finally] carried 300 yards or so into the firing trench. Communication trench supports were full of water, so had to go across the open, right up to the firing trench. A moonlit night but a little misty. A motor machine gun was busy but, beyond a little rifle fire, there was very little firing going on. All came back in safety. The road from dump to trench was awful mud and water; knee-deep in places, a distance of a mile and half which seemed 10 times the distance. Several went headlong in the mud and sludge. Poor infantry. We got back to the dump at last where the motor lorry was waiting to bring us back to billet. The cook soon got us some tea and we got out of our wet and muddy clothes to bed about 5 o'clock next morning. Had a nightmare that we had been fetched out of bed to dig latrines for a whole battalion of infantry. However, it was not so + was allowed to sleep until dinner time."
"July 29 [1916]. Diary, the last few days wholly inadequate to describe the last terrible week in the trenches. Night after night standing wet-through in deserted trenches at highest pitch of excitement, waiting for the 'moment.' Just when we wanted the wind it seemed to fail us. However all is over and we begin to count our losses... Hear that D Company has over 170 casualties. But the Germans have suffered terribly."
BIRCH, George
The ammunition girl. 
Toronto: Musgrave Bros., 1918
150 USD

Single sheet, folded (36 cm. tall). Illustrated cover, partially-after photograph, printed in blue and brown, with short tears to lower margin. Contents: [2] pages of music with lyrics, followed by brief text printed to rear: "Munition workers may obtain special rates on this song in quantities of no less than 20 copies."
Stretching imaginations across the expanse of the Atlantic, the Toronto-based songwriter George Birch wrote this one-step to keep the genders in each other's mind; commingling with the explosion of shells:
"It's the am-mu-ni-tion girl who backs the soldier.
The girl who backs the man behind the gun.
Happy and gay, —working away.
A credit to the land she loves
and helps to win the day.
The soldier's friend you'll find, is the girl he left behind.
She's the busy little am-mu-ni-tion girl."

With only three OCLC records discovered (British Library, University of Toronto, Guelph).
END OF LOT 04   Contact for purchase inquiries.
LOT 05  /  HOME
PERRIN, Lindsay E.
Why can't a girl be a soldier?
Goderich, Ontario: Independent Publishing Co., circa 1916.
100 USD

Single sheet, folded (36 cm. tall). Illustrated cover, after photograph of entertainer Arlie Marks (and dog). Contents: [2] pages of music with lyrics, followed by blank rear.
From rural Ontario, Perrin here pushes suffragette logic to a militant conclusion. The first verse sings:
"Since the world began,
it's been up to the man
to go forth and to fight with the Foe.—
And with aching heart,
to sadly depart
from the ones whom he dearly loved so.—
Now it may seem strange
to suggest such a change,
but it seems al-right to me. —
And the Can-nuck maid,
who is never afraid,
I am sure with me she'll agree
Why can't a girl be a soldier

With only three OCLC records discovered (Penn State, McMaster, Mount Allison).
END OF LOT 05   Contact for purchase inquiries.
LOT 06  /  HOME
PASCO, Richard (lyricist)
Ev'ry Sammy needs his smokin' over there. 
Detroit: Delta Publishing Co., [1918]

Single sheet, folded (35 cm. tall). Illustrated cover, designed by Lew W. Tower, printed in red and blue; featuring insert after photograph of singer Joseph Qualters. Minor creasing. Contents: [2] pages of music with lyrics, followed by fundraising advertisement to rear cover.
Half of the 25 c. price for this work was reserved for "smokes for the boys in France." The rear cover announces the success of the fundraising scheme: "This song was written especially for the Detroit Free Press Tobacco Fund and the letter below shows the amount turned over to the fund from the sales in that city alone [$271.25 for December and January]. Outside of Detroit the money will be turned over to any local tobacco fund or to the national 'Our Boys in France Tobacco Fund.'"

With three OCLC records discovered (Library of Congress, Brown, Bowling Green State).
END OF LOT 06  Contact for purchase inquiries.
LOT 07  /  HOME
M. C. CHARTERS & COMPANY (stationer)
[Batch of envelopes printed for the Air Mail service of the Canadian Armed Forces].
Toronto, circa 1942.

A box of 92 correspondence envelopes (10 x 12 cm.); single light-blue sheets with gummed margin flap. For all but one, the adhesive has activated over time, sealing these letters up, (presumably) blank. As folded, the envelopes could still house letters within their inner pockets, via open margins. This batch preserved within the original packaging from the stationer, decorated with the blue emblem of Toronto's M. C. Charters & Company. Postage announced in both Canadian and British currency.
LOT 08  /  HOME
[Two wartime issues of Bell Telephone Magazine: a medium of suggestion and a record of progress].  New York: Information Department, American Telephone & Telegraph Co., 1942.
150 USD
Being Vol. XXI, numbers 2 (June) and 3 (August). With Illustrated blue wrappers (26 cm. tall).  Contents, across both volumes: pages [59]–195, [7]; well-illustrated in black-and-white, with dozens of images after photographs of the wartime Bell System in action.
Noteworthy articles include: "The role of the telephone in the civilian defense organization" (by F. Selwyn Gay); "The Bell System in War-time" (from statement read by President Walter S. Gifford at the Annual Meeting of Stockholders on April 15, 1942); "War-time in the traffic departments" (by Raymond A. Steelman, with reproductions of a number of recruitment posters); and "Protecting the service against fire" (by Irvin M. Cuppitt), accounting for incendiary bombs as a new safety hazard for the System.
END OF LOT 08   Contact for purchase inquiries.
LOT 09  /  HOME
[Group of photographs from 3rd Victory Loan Parade]. 
Winnipeg, October 18, 1942

18 black-and-white contact prints, from 35 mm. negatives, printed with wide margins on Selo paper (58 x 70 mm. total). With manuscript captions to most versos. Subjects include infantry, vehicles, artillery, machine guns, and marching bands.
The goal of this third Victory Loan Parade in Winnipeg was to provide crowds with a "comprehensive picture" of the Canadian Armed Forces. The traditionalism of this fundraising Parade threw into relief the chutzpah of the one that preceded it. On February 19th of the same year, otherwise branded as "If Day," the Greater Winnipeg Victory Loan Committee attempted to fundraise through Fear: simulating the Nazi invasion and occupation of Winnipeg, complete with internment camp and a new masthead for The Winnipeg Tribune (as Das Winnipeger Lügenblatt). Although the campaign was a financial success, fewer men enlisted on the following day than the normal Winter average.
LOT 10  /  HOME
[Confidential course materials for those who would be firefighters during an atomic attack ]. 
London: The Home Office (Fire Services Department), 1952.

(1) Quarter-cloth and papered boards (37 cm. tall), with stringed-eyelet binding. Minor soiling to boards, with ownership inscription to front. Mimeographed contents appear complete: [4], ii, 16, 62 numbered pages. With 17 illustrations, four printed in colour, and 10 black-and-white plates from photographs. Accompanied by (2): The biological effects of atomic radiation: a report to the public. Washington: National Academy of Sciences, 1956. Stapled wrappers, 40 pages, with inscription of W. J. Scott to front wrapper and accession stamp from the Ontario Fire Marshall to rear.
"It is nearly midnight. Somewhere an enemy aircraft is carrying towards Hockley an atomic bomb. At midnight precisely, it falls over Hockley, and explodes at 600 feet."  In 1952, hundreds of Fire Department officers from Great Britain, the Commonwealth, and Europe attended a series of five-day courses offered by the Home Office to imagine the fire service challenges that would attend the atomic bombing of a major urban centre. The scientific and technical papers presented at these courses were then circulated as confidential materials, “as much of their contents form the basis of future planning.” This copy belonged to William J. Scott, the Fire Marshal of Ontario (1935-1960); “regarded as the man who held the key to Ontario’s survival in time of war” (Proceedings of the International Association of Fire Fighters, Volume 25). Contents include: the well-illustrated “Fire and the atomic Bomb,” by D. I. Lawson; "The fire situation after an attack on a British city" (by G. R. Stanbury); "Emergency appliances and mobile fire columns," by F. C. A. Shirling; "Emergency water supplies," by R. Killey; and "Mobilising and communications," by A.E. Bowles.
The collection is punctuated by “The Hockley Incident” (18 pages), an unattributed script that apparently formed the basis for a two-hour performance, enacting the atomic bombing of a district of Birmingham: “It is just before midnight on an October night, and Hockley is in darkness. The city is of a million inhabitants, of which about a quarter have been evacuated. About 70,000 people are at work on the night-shift, in factories. It is presumed that the war has been in progress for a little while, that the population is reasonably well trained against enemy attack, that no enemy action is in progress in this area for the moment, but that an air raid warning has just been sounded. There is a light wind blowing from the north-west. It is not raining, and there is a clear sky overhead."
A remarkable document of post-WWII governance; scientific, apocalyptic, and visually arresting. We have been unable to discover bibliographic or archival records for this imaginary self-destruction of post-Industrial England.
Not in Kohler.
[Lives from the Great War: autograph- and scrap-book], 1914-1918

19 loose scrapbook leaves (32 x 24 cm.), with punches intact. With collage designs affixed to 29 of 38 pages, using: news clippings, autographs, images, clipped photographs, post-dated envelopes, ink sketches, postcards, cloth and paper reproductions of relevant badges and medals, and brief MS. commentaries. Overall, the leaves incorporate over 150 ephemeral items and over 100 autographs.
With the intensity of fandom, this British scrapbook displays dogged determination. Using a wide range of materials (e.g. news clippings, autographs, stamps, lithos), the author documents a multiplicity of lives from the Great War, with cohesion. The pages are especially focused on the personalities behind the development of nursing, as it took place through the persons of the British Red Cross Society's Voluntary Aid Detachment and the Order of St. John (Ambulance).
With an equitable focus on the aristocracy (e.g. Major Waldorf Astor, Lord Penhryn, Col. Sir Arthur Pendraves Vivian, Lord Falmouth, and The Earl of Mount Edgcumbe), as well as on the War's commoners (e.g. ambulance drivers). Perhaps the most emblematic of the biographies here constructed is that of Sister Roussiano: "Queen Alexandra's Imperial and Military Nursing Reserve Service. On the strength of H. M. H. S. Aquitania. Dec. 1916–Jan. 1917. At present at the Military Hospital Colchester (16.7.17)."
[Handbill from Anglophone tourist agency in post-War Paris], after 1918.
40 USD

Single sheet (21 x 14 cm.), well-printed in black. Thin wove paper remains square and clean.
END OF LOT 12   Contact for purchase inquiries.
APTOSOGLOU, Byron (illustrator); ANEMODOURAS, Stelios (writer)
A significant collection of Mikros irosAthens: [1953–1968].

257 issues, rather evenly spread across 14 years between issues 1 through 796 from a total set of 798 issues. With 154 of the issues present in their original printings (i.e. the "Tuesday editions"); the remainder mostly "Saturday" reprints, with a dozen "Thursdays." (See comments on "triple edition" below). For the majority of these items: only minor edge-wear and showing uniformly fresh covers.
After a decade of almost continuous turmoil—with the signing of the Second World War's Peace only-too-soon thereafter followed by Civil War—the Greek psyche of the 1950s was due for catharsis. The result was a flourishing of pop culture. And, within the bustling genre scene that developed, the most popular youth publication was Mikros Iros (i.e. "the Little Heroes"): with three young Greeks fighting-off the plots of Nazis and Fascists, accompanied by a healthy dose of comic relief. The narrative unfolded not only through its well-illustrated text (with an average of 28 pages per number), but more immediately through the vibrant colour wrappers of painter Byron Aptosoglou. In 1968, with Greece once more under military rule, the full cultural significance of Mikros iros was thrown into relief—when its press was forcibly decommissioned by the Junta after issue 798. Decades later, the final two issues would be released, drawing this fantasy-adventure to a close with number 800.
Mikros iros was pop-cultural, both inside and out. While the original printings were issued on Tuesdays, "reprints" of those individual numbers were also released on Saturdays (1st reprinting) and Thursdays (3rd printing). Although none of the colophons refer to Gregorian dates, the comparative paper quality between the originals and reprints in this collection makes it clear that this "triple edition" strategy was largely contemporary, and likely most concerned with questions of distribution. Notably, the work's writer and publisher, Stelios Anemodouras, had previously been employed as a journalist. Meanwhile, across the versos of Aptosoglou's evocative covers, a number of Greek SF/Fantasy comics unfurled (see image above), timed to run the eight-issue course of each volume of Mikros iros. A full listing of this collection is available upon request.
With no OCLC records discovered.
MANLEY, Morris
What the deuce do we care for Kaiser BillToronto: Self-published, 1917. 
60 USD

Single sheet, folded (36 cm. tall). Illustrated cover, printed in green, with insert after photograph of Little Mildred Manley. Moderate edge-wear. Contents: [2] pages of music with lyrics, with excerpts from other Manley songs to rear cover.
Before millennials were typing the suffix "AF" to everything they deem worth advertising, the Toronto-based songwriter Morris Manley here made his contribution to the Great War, offering up to the soldiers this "comic march song;" lightening their loads with the phrase "What the deuce?" Presumably most effective when imagined in the voice of Little Mildred Manley, the "phenomenal child vocalist:"

"Left, Right, Left, Right,
on to the march we go,—
To the front line trench-es,
just to tease Old Fritz you know,—
Shoot your guns, drop your bombs,
un-til you get your fill,—
What the deuce do we care for Kai-ser Bill?—"

With single OCLC record discovered (British Library).

END OF LOT 14   Contact for purchase inquiries.
[Group of 4 photographs of soldiers at play]. 
Western Front,  ca. 1918.

Four ferrotyped silver gelatin prints from 1918, being (1) Your move at the Y.M.C.A. canteen (15 x 20 cm.), with typescript caption to verso. New York: International File Service; (2) African pool (16 x 22 cm.), with typescript title imprinted on verso; (3) Campement americain sur la rive sud—le saut à la couverture (13 x 18 cm.), with manuscript titles and date (July 1918) to verso, from the Section Photographique of the French Army; and (4) [Base hit? Soldiers playing baseball], unattributed (13 x 17 cm.), with manuscript arrow identifying a particular figure in the crowd.
The caption affixed to the verso of the first print (above) reads: "Checkers is one of the inside diversions for the doughboy in France. Most of their recreation periods are spent within these canteens which afford the boys anything from a long meal to a short smoke. Games are played well past the time and good literature is always available. Note most of the boys have their ever-faithful gas masks slung around their shoulders (August 14)."
END OF LOT 15   Contact for purchase inquiries.
The first volume of London ARC Light
London: The Fanfare Press, 1943–1944.
Association copy


Bound together here: the first 39 numbers of this serial, along with two special issues, compiled into a presentation binding from Sangorski and Sutcliffe (28 cm. tall);  crushed blue morocco, with emblem of the American Red Cross Commissioner to Great Britain to front panel, along with gilt-lettered dedication ("H.W.G. from H.D.G., March 12th 1944"). Majority of the issues consist of 4 pages, printed in red and black on well-preserved newsprint. With two additional issues, one bound at front and rear; the first (4 pages, dated March 24, 1943) precedes the official first number, with the other (6 pages, undated) announcing itself as a special edition "to acquaint you with the highlights of the various Red Cross services in Great Britain." Well-illustrated throughout, with cartoons and halftones from photographs.
Appearing weekly from May 1, 1943, London ARC Light was published for those members of the U.S. Armed Forces who were looking to take full advantage of their newly-won eight-day furlough; a guide for those on leave from the Western Front, looking to enjoy civilization again. "The left-handed driving will probably drive you crazy. But you will meet bits of America over here. And that's no accident. This program is the gift of the folks back home to you, through the American Red Cross [i.e. ARC]." In addition to news, cartoons, and travel guides for various locations throughout Great Britain—with numerous articles attributed to the nascent figure of G. I. Joe—each issue included a program of the weekly events  scheduled at the various ARC clubs in London: sports, dances, movies, etc. Of this serial, OCLC reports only a single record, at the Wisconsin Veterans Museum Research Centre (Number 22 of the second volume), with Harvard reporting an ARC publication for Armed Forces in China, Burma, and India. We presume, given the ephemeral nature of this publication, that few collections have survived in private hands. "In view of the paper shortage, we cannot print an unlimited number of each issue, so if you like the sheet and find it interesting, will you do us a favor—KEEP YOUR COPY AND PASS IT ONTO A BUDDY."
This particular set of Volume 1 was bound for Harvey Dow Gibson (i.e. "H.D.G."), the ARC Commissioner to Great Britain (1942–1945), to be presented to his wife Helen Whitney Gibson (i.e. "H.W.G."). Both Gibsons were integral parts of the operation; in his autobiography, Harvey recalls how it was Eisenhower himself who granted an appeal for Helen to work in London as an ARC volunteer. Having earlier served as ARC Commissioner to France in WWI, Harvey is perhaps best remembered for the development of the Clubmobile Service and its image of the "doughnut girl." With these ARC social clubs, he continued his commitment to supplying the Armed Forces with respite. "These [ARC] clubs provided everything that a soldier could hope for in his wildest dreams—a cafeteria, snack bars, check rooms, hot and cold showers, barber shop, tailor shop, shoeshine parlor, and game, recreation, reading and writing, and first-aid rooms. One of the greatest attractions was a large map of the U.S. labeled, 'Is there someone here from your home town? Watch the flags.'"
Der sang von den gladidolen
Zürich, circa 1942 .

Seven folded sheets, comprising fourteen unnumbered leaves (21 cm. tall), with simple sewn binding. Manuscript contents to rectos only, with titles and cryptic dedication to first leaf, followed by 13 ink compositions of illustration and verse.
From an unidentified hand: a tender work of reassurance dedicated to Frau Anzia Weilenmann, the wife of a Swiss psychoanalyst and member of the literary circle around Adrien Turel in 1940s Zürich. Apparently composed in response to Mrs. Weilenmann's crisis of faith in Swiss culture—precisely at the time of its dark flirtation with Nazism—the illustrated poem mobilizes wordplay, jocular images, and botanical metaphors to playfully insist upon the inevitable resistance of Swiss soil.
[Shell-shocked German soldiers, captured after Battle of the Menin Road Ridge]. 
[September 20, 1917].
Ferrotyped silver gelatin print (17 x 21 cm), with hand-stamps and typescript caption to verso.
As part of the Third Battle of Ypres, the British strategy during the Battle of Menin Road Ridge involved an intensification of artillery bombardment. This photograph attempts to document the strategy's success, with the caption announcing: "Three dejected-looking Boches. They came out of the fight for Vampire Farm terribly shaken by the tremendous British artillery barrage." Judging from another photograph preserved at the Imperial War Museum, the shocked visage of the middle soldier appears to have stuck.
END OF LOT 18   Contact for purchase inquiries.
CHAVIGNY, Paul (contributor);  SOLLIER, Paul (contributor)FARRAR, Clarence B. (collector)
Neurologie et psychiatrie de guerre—Paris Medical [title from lettered spine]. 
Paris: J.-B. Baillière & Fils. 1915–1918.

Six non-consecutive issues of Paris médical: la semaine du clinicien, custom-bound in cloth boards (27 cm. tall), with gilt-lettered leather spine. Contents comprise: Year 5, Nos. 24–25 (Oct. 23, 1915), pp. 405–448; Year 6, No. 36 (Sept. 2, 1916), pp. 181–224; Year 7, No. 27 (Jul. 7, 1917), pp. 1–44; Year 8, No. 27 (Jul. 7, 1918), pp. 1–32. Front wrappers for each issue (with advertisements to versos) preserved in re-binding. Contents photographically-illustrated throughout, in black-and-white. With bookplate of Clarence B. Farrar, then-Chief Psychiatrist of the Dominion government's Department of Soldiers' Civil Re-Establishment.
During the Great War, the young disciplines of psychiatry and neurology were called upon to help answer the riddle of the "war neuroses;" with particular concern aroused by the prevalent experiences of shell shock and/or malingering. At stake were competing theories of body and mind, the psychic and somatic. Were the new forms of pathology occasioned by the technological developments in modern warfare? Or were these symptoms instead reflective of weak morale and degenerating moral fortitude? These broader philosophical questions would inform the more local techniques of diagnosis, treatment, and discipline. And it was in this context that the editorial staff of the weekly medical journal Paris médicale developed a specific mandate during the War years, dedicating a number of issues exclusively to the issues of neurology and psychiatry. Bound here are six such issues, including a number of significant early essays for the two disciplines. Perhaps most notable are the multiple contributions from Paul Chavigny, the field psychiatrist whose award-winning treatise on soldiers' self-mutilation would be censored from mass publication until well-after the Great War's end. As well as an early essay on shell-shock co-written by Paul Sollier, i.e. the psychiatrist who has been credited with providing one of his future patients (Marcel Proust) with the inspiration for the concept of mémoire involontaire. It's thus not surprising to find Sollier here evoking the language of Bergson, in trying to make sense of shell shock's experiential structure: "Une explosion se distingue essentiellement d'une combustion ou d'une décomposition par un facteur fondamental: la durée."
The classification by categories of Canadian troops in England (Form D.M.S. 1397).
London: Vacher & Sons, [1917].
Staple-bound brown wrappers (19 cm. tall), with minor soiling. Contents: 19, [1] pages.
A handbook for Medical Officers to consult when determining the fitness of soldiers for service at the Front, providing them with a schema of five categories: (1) Fit for General Service; (2) Fit for Service Abroad; (3) Fit for Service in England; (4) Temporarily Unfit; (5) Unfit for Service and not likely to become Fit within six months. With detailed considerations provided for such conditions as: varicose veins, epilepsy, myalgia and rheumatism, asthma, the loss of fingers (i.e. how many could be lost), piles, syphilis, and  trench feet. New standards for acceptable levels of vision and hearing are also included. The bias of this 1917 update is clear, based on Brigadier General P. E. Thacker's introduction: "Many misunderstandings on the subject [of fitness] have resulted in men who should have been classed as Fit, not having been so classed." The section on shell shock is particularly detailed: "In these cases a distinction must be made between (a) true shell shock and (b) symptoms resulting from nervous exhaustion or loss of self-control... The psychic element is the outstanding feature in this [latter] case. The difficulty in classifying these cases is so great that they should be sent to a Specialist at the earliest possible moment. These cases do not improve with ordinary convalescent treatment, and should be occupied by light duty as soon as possible."
Guide to the Princeton condensed scale: compiled from "The measurement of intelligence" (L. M. Terman) and "A revision of the Binet-Simon system" (F. Kuhlmann), with corrections and additional tests by C. C. Brigham.
[Princeton, NJ?], [circa 1917].
Two volumes, bound in plain army-green wrappers (29 cm. tall), with manuscript titles to front wrapper of first volume. With ownership inscription of Clarence B. Farrar to front endpaper of first volume, dated 1918, and to the front wrapper of second volume. Contents: mechanically-reproduced typescript, secured with brass brads;  97 and 42 pages. NB: counter-intuitively, the first volume begins with Year VII, with the second running from three months to Year VI.
On offer here:  an undocumented fragment from an un-researched chapter in the history of intelligence testing. Although better known as the long-time editor of the American Journal of Psychiatry—and, to some, as an heroic book collector—Clarence B. Farrar worked from 1916–1923 as the Chief Psychiatrist for the Department of Soldiers' Civil Re-establishment. (The bound collection of neuro-psychiatric issues of Paris médical (lot 19) bear Farrar's recognizable bookplate). The work of Re-establishment was multi-faceted, with Farrar designing a custom-built treatment facility in Eastern Ontario. But Farrar was also cognizant of the feedback loops that lurked within the systems of the Canadian Armed Forces; especially in regards to recruitment—insofar as the Canadians didn't employ intelligence testing as their American counterparts did. "In Canada, no organized method eliminating [mental defectives] from the service was adopted. The mental examination of recruits was never resorted to; and in consequence considerable numbers of the feeble-minded and mentally unsound were swept along in the current into the Army. Not infrequently a drifter from this side of the border who had nothing else to do, and who had perhaps been rejected for the American service on account of his mental shortcomings, would at length find his way to a British-Canadian recruiting station and thus into his Majesty's service" (Am. journal of insanity, 1919).

To remedy this situation, Farrar recruited one of his former students at Princeton, Carl Campbell Brigham, to work with him on the Canadian Military Hospitals Commission (1917). Brigham's time in Canada was short-lived. With the American entry in the War, he would soon return home to work closely with Robert Yerkes on the development of the U.S. Army's infamous "alpha" intelligence test; the precursor to the S.A.T. test and the most common referent during the inter-War period to advance eugenicist theories of intelligence.

Prior to his work with either Army, however, Brigham's Princeton dissertation (1916) had focused on critiquing the Binet-Simon test that dominated the new positivist science of Mind, along with the various revisions that had been attempted. The present guide makes evident that Brigham was simultaneously working on a refinement of the test, which he coined "The Princeton Condensed Scale," consciously offering an alternative to the "Stanford Test" earlier designed by Lewis M. Terman. On this major project of Brigham's, however, the literature on the history of intelligence testing appears silent. Farrar, however, seemed impressed. In a 1920 report preserved in his UTARMS fonds (
B1999-011), Farrar notes that: "there have been numerous modifications and revisions of the original Binet scale. The most serviceable one for our purpose is believed to be the one developed in the psychological laboratory of Princeton University and called 'The Princeton Condensed Scale'... The use of this scale was introduced at the Cobourg Military Hospital while I was President of the Standing Medical Board... and is now in use in the mental hospital at Newmarket operated by this Department." Written directly for the test examiners, the text of this two-volume guide moves from question to question, with a running commentary directing the mind of the tester to matters of procedure, scoring, and rapport: "The writer has found that when a strange child is brought to the clinic for examination, it is advantageous to go out of doors with him for a little walk around the university buildings. It is usually possible to return from such a stroll in a few minutes, with the child chattering away as though to an old friend." All the same, one of the queries for Year X begins: "Yesterday, the police found the body of a girl cut into eighteen pieces. They believe that she killed herself." To which Brigham remarks: "The detection of absurdities is one of the most ingenious and serviceable tests of the entire scale."

With no bibliographic or archival records discovered. A significant portion of Brigham's own archive was apparently destroyed after his death.
Die Kopfverletzungen im Kriege. Ihre psychologische Untersuchung, Behandlung und Fürsorge.
Vienna: Verlag von Moritz Perles, 1918.
Printed wrappers (23 cm. tall). Contents: [4], iv, 111, [1] numbered pages. Well-illustrated, with 30 black-and-white figures (many of them after diagnostic photographs) and symptomatological charts.
Then-Chief Physician at the Viennese Military Hospital, and something of a competitor to Freud, Fröschels would eventually become one of the most influential figures in speech pathology and therapeutics, bridging the European and American schools. This early work, which is evocatively illustrated with diagnostic images, surveys the symptoms and potential treatments for complications from head injuries incurred during the Great War.
With only two OCLC records discovered in North America (New York Academy of Medicine, Library of Congress).
LUDECKE, Major Fred W. (compiler)
[Binder of Executive documents from the 7708 War Crimes Group of the Judge Advocate's Office].
Post-Nazi Germany, 1944–1947.

Clothbound three-ring binder, with manuscript titles to spine (Vol. II, Major Ludecke). Contents: 138 typescript pages, separated by 11 dividers with typescript labels. Documents copied through a variety of methods; with a handful of manuscript annotations.
In 1945, the responsibility for investigating the perpetration of war crimes against American troops, as well as for those perpetrated in areas then under American jurisdiction, was centralized in the office of the Theater Judge Advocate, under the charge of the Deputy Judge Advocate. In 1946, the Deputy would form the 7708 War Crimes Group, to be stationed in Augsburg, close to the detention and trial facilities located at the former concentration camp at Dacau. Major Fred W. Ludecke worked within the Executive of this Group and the present binder contains both reference and archival documents divided into 11 sections: "General orders" (3 pp); "Investigations" (12 pp.); "Extraditions" (6 pp.); "Apprehension" (2 pp.); "Trials" (9 pp.); "Dacau detachment A" (10 pp.); "War Crimes directives" (34 pp.); "Operations" (9 pp.); "Personnel" (23 pp.); "Miscellaneous references" (6 pp.); "Staff conferences—War Crimes Group" (24 pp.).
This binder provides remarkable insights into the workings of this historic mission; the 7708 War Crimes Group would ultimately try a number of mass atrocity cases, including those concerning the Buchenwald and Mittelbrau-Dora concentration camps (rather surreally held within the former facilities at Dachau). Key documents here include: restricted copies of two Executive Orders from Harry Truman (9547 and 9679), templates and directives for investigators—including a detailed list of suggested interview techniques—, policies for automatic arrests of suspected Germans, minutes from the 7708's internal meetings from 1946, and one of six distributed copies of a 10-paged report by Colonel C. E. Straight (then-Deputy Judge Advocate), entitled "Survey of Dachau Department, War Crimes Enclosures, and War Criminal Prison" (Sept. 1946), in which a census is provided of 219 prisoners, 129 of them sentenced to death. With a March 1947 directive from General McNarney announcing the inactivation of "all war crimes activities" by June 30, 1948.
Paris: Cahiers de la Quinzaine, 1904–1912.

A complete set of the first printings, accompanied by significant ALS
2000 USD

10 volumes, published across 17 issues. Housed in four cloth slipcases, with custom chemises and gilt lettering to spines. Original wrappers, printed in red and black; three still preserved in original glassines. Chipping to rear cover of first volume; professional repairs to parts of nine spines. Typical browning to pages, with brittleness to the earlier volumes. Accompanied by ALS from Rolland to unnamed correspondent (dated July 7, 1918 at  Villeneuve); single sheet, folded (20 cm. tall), comprising a page and a half of text.

Written across an incredible landscape of time (1904–1912), Romain Rolland's Jean-Christophe—his ficto-heroic biography of "Beethoven in the modern world"— was eventually awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1915, one year after the year in which no such award was awarded. It would come to be hailed as prophetic, not only of the Great War, but of its only possible transcendence, through a cultural harmony named Europe. Thus Stefan Zweig wrote: "Upon the last page of his great work, Rolland relates the well-known legend of St. Christopher—that ferryman who was roused at night by a little boy who wished to be carried across the stream. With a smile, the good-natured giant shouldered the light burden. But as he strode through the water, the weight he was carrying grew heavy and heavier, until he felt he was about to sink into that river. Mustering all of his strength, he continued on his way. When he reached the other shore, gasping for breath, the man recognized that he had been carrying the entire message of the world. Hence his name, Christophorus... When [Rolland], that good ferryman, raised his eyes, the night seemed to be over, the darkness vanished. Eastward the heaven was all aglow. Yet what was reddening there was naught but the bloody cloud-bank of war, the flame of burning Europe. The flame that was to consume the spirit of the elder world. Nothing remained of our sacred heritage beyond this: That faith had bravely struggled from the shore of yesterday to reach our again distracted world. Now, the conflagaration has burned itself out; once more night has lowered. But our thanks speed towards you, Ferryman, pious wanderer, for the path you have trodden through the darkness. We thank you for your labour, which has brought the world a message of hope" (1921).
Focusing on the collective dimension of that Ferryman's labour:  the present set is remarkable insofar as it preserves the original shape of Rolland's work, which was published serially over nine years, across seventeen issues of Cahiers de la quinzaine—the editorial platform of everyone's favourite Catholic-peasant-bookseller-poet: Charles Péguy. One of the most militant Dreyfusards, Péguy would himself greet the Great War far differently than his compatriot Rolland, who chose self-exile in Switzerland. Instead, Péguy would embrace the purifying mystique of War, only to be greeted by a bullet-to-the-forehead on the very eve of the First Battle of the Marne. Rolland would eventually write Péguy's biography, as one of an historical series that included Beethoven, Michelangelo, and Tolstoy.

In addition, this set preserves a remarkable letter from Rolland, written during that Swiss period, from the famed Hotel Byron. In it, Rolland confirms the opinion expressed by his un-named correspondent that the symphonic is the very essence of this work's composition; "non seulement pour le volume en question, mais pour l'ensemble de l'ouvrage et pour beaucoup de parties isolées."

END OF LOT 24   Contact for purchase inquiries.
MASEREEL, Frans (illustrator);  ROLLAND, Romain
Paris: Albin Michel, 1925-1927. 

First illustrated edition; XLVIII of 100 sets finely printed on van Gelder.

Five volume set. With wrappers (26 cm. tall), printed in red and black; well-preserved in later glassines, with some bumping to corners. Browning to spines of first and third volumes. With conservational work to front hinge of fifth volume.  Some marginal foxing, not affecting contents. With 666 woodcuts by Masereel, many of them full page. Title pages printed in red and black; contents printed in black, within red borders; 281; 345; 270; 290; and 333 numbered pages. Each volume marked XLVIII of 100 copies printed on Hollande van Gelder, after 12 on Japon; from a total edition of 2012. References: Ritter 32.
Weimar-era Paris.  Best known for his own "wordless novels," which have deservedly earned his reputation as one of the pioneers of the graphic narrative, Frans Masereel was also a collaborator. Indeed, the thickest section of Ritter's exhaustive bibliography on Masereel relates to his work as a book illustrator.  And, of all of these, it's undoubtedly with Albin Michel's 1925–1927 re-publication of Jean-Christophe that Masereel shows himself to be the most collaborative; allowing his images to serve the needs of his friend Rolland's still-relevant text, with the vast majority of his 666 images. The publisher's decision to print 100 of these five-volume sets on van Gelder paper (after 12 on Japon) was certainly warranted; the entwined compositions of image-and-text in this particular set remain incredibly lush.
END OF LOT 25   Contact for purchase inquiries.
D'ARMAN, R. (editor)
Les prédictions sur la fin de l'Allemagne
Paris: Éditions & Librairie, [circa 1915].
An extra-illustrated copy
150 USD

Contemporary half-cloth over marbled boards (23 cm. tall), with gilt lettering to spine; minor rubbing. Binding does not include original wrappers. Contents: 64 pages. With manuscript text bound-in; single folded sheet, comprising [3] pages. Also, laid-in loose, a Bordeaux newspaper clipping (dated in manuscript Feb. 3, 1916), announcing "La victoire en 1916."
Although without publication date, this work was almost certainly published in 1915—i.e. just as it started to become apparent that the Great War would ultimately be measured in years, not months. In such a scenario it's not difficult to imagine the anxiety over the indeterminate. And the corresponding desire for auguries. Hence the decision of a Parisian publisher to issue this compendium of historical texts prophesying Germany's demise, ranging from the 13th century to 1849.

With this particular copy, a contemporary owner decided to rebind the text with one additional prophecy, supplied in manuscript and reproducing a portion of the famous 1544 Prophecy of Orval. Rediscovered during the sacking of the Orval Monastery during the original French Revolution, this prophecy—which only survived its "rediscovery" / sacking via a handful of manuscript copies—would subsequently become famous for predicting Napoleon's rise. The present manuscript, which differs slightly from published accounts (and is certainly deserving of further paleographic work) claims that it is in some fashion unique, being derived from one of the original copies that was under the care of "Mme. B;" one that would itself disappear during the Revolution of 1830.

END OF LOT 26   Contact for purchase inquiries.
GALSWORTHY, John (editor);  Max Beerbohm / C. S. Lewis / Sir William Osler (contributors)
Recalled to life / Reveille: devoted to the disabled sailor & soldier [accompanied by solicitation letter by Galsworthy as Editor]. 
London: John Bale, Sons &  Danielsson / His Majesty's Stationery Office, 1917–1919
A significant group of materials comprised of six items: (1) first two issues (of three) of the serial Recalled to life: a journal devoted to the care, re-education, and return to civil life of disabled sailors and soldiers; printed wrappers (24 cm. tall), with tears to spines and accession labels affixed to front wrappers. Contents show minor damp-staining and pencil annotations throughout (of Dr. E. W. Cleary). No. 1 (June 1917): 204 pages, photographically-illustrated with ten black-and-white plates; No. 2 (Sept. 1917): 205–320 pages, illustrated with photographic frontispiece and xxii pages of advertisements;

(2) three issues of Reveille (all published), housed in cloth clamshell case, with gilt-lettering to leather spine. Issues bound in blue printed wrappers (24 cm. tall); showing some soiling, with chipping to edges of first two numbers. The front hinge of the first number has been crassly repaired with tape and remains partially separated. Contents collated as complete: No. 1 (Aug. 1918): 174 pages of text, illustrated with colour lithographic frontispiece, two full-page illustrations, and two photographic plates, and accompanied by xxxii pages of advertisements; No. 2: 175–[358] pages of text, illustrated with colour lithographic frontispiece and four plates (2 lithos), along with x pages of advertisements; No. 3: 359–[550] pages of text, illustrated with colour litho frontispiece and five additional plates (3 lithos, 2 photographic), with featured contributors' notice still affixed to front wrapper;

(3) typescript solicitation letter for Reveille, signed by John Galsworthy; single page, dated July 22, 1918.
In 1918, as he was releasing the second portion of what would become the incredibly popular Forsyte saga, the English writer John Galsworthy took over editorship from Lord Charnwood of Recalled to life (1917–1918). As its wordy subtitle suggested, it was a journal "devoted to the care, re-education, and return to civil life of disabled sailors and soldiers;" a mandate that it pursued primarily through the sober lenses of medicine and governance, as society began to face the reality of so many maimed and disabled citizens returning to the movements of everyday life. Charnowood's effort, although targeted to a specialized audience, was not insignificant; with contributions from the likes of Sir William Osler, who took great interest in the matter, given his son's death in the Great War. From this first phase of the journal comes the above spread, with figures 8 and 9 illustrating the stigmata that were self-inflicted by the digging fingernails of a pathologically-clenched fist, as they inevitably continued to grow over time, right through flesh. And what all that might mean for its treatment.
While still focused on the individual's redemption, Galsworthy had a different vision for the journal; one that was concerned much more with the sociological, and thus aesthetic, question of Restoration. "What the work of restoration means, to those who are being restored, to those restoring them, but even more—to the nation at large. For, only if the Public realizes the situation and the facts, can we hope for success. Our object will be to animate all with comprehension of the full need of a [sacred] work; to stimulate effort, and not entirely to refrain from criticism." Galsworthy's manifesto was accompanied by the first of three satirical frontispieces from Max Beerbohm (the lithograph from volume 2 visible above); just as it was echoed in the contents, mixing together the words of medical and psychiatric experts with the work of visual artists and poets. In the solicitation letter that accompanies this set—addressed to John Henderson of the National Liberal Club; a Canadian institution in London—Galsworthy stresses that all of his contributors have volunteered their labour, as aristocratic service. And reveals the depths of his cynicism concerning the compassion of the bourgeois social forces at play: "Very great numbers of [returned soldiers], as you know, have taken and are still taking the first work which comes to hand, and which they will have no chance of keeping when industrial competition becomes severe again."
A project of public significance, literary contributors to the three volumes of Reveille included: Robert Bridges, G. K. Chesterton, Joseph Conrad, Thomas Hardy, Rudyard Kipling, John Masefield, Siegfried Sassoon, Edith Wharton, and Galsworthy himself. Of note, Reveille was also the site of C. S. Lewis' first appearance in print, with the poem Death in battle—depicting a subject to which Lewis would scarcely return—which was published in the third and final issue, under the pseudonym of Clive Hamilton, here covered-over by the affixed notice of featured contributors to the front wrapper.
Kuttel Daddeldu oder das schlüpfrige Leid. 
Berlin: A. R. Meyer, [1920].

First printing, signed and dated

Illustrated wrappers (24 cm. tall), sewn, reproducing illustration by Margarete Wels from title page. Contents of 24 numbered pages. With author's (pseudonymous) signature to bottom of title page, supplying a publication date of 1920.
Joachim Ringelnatz was the playful pen name of the German artist Hans Bötticher, a contemporary of Otto Dix and George Grosz, who had served in the German Navy during the Great War. With the present work, Bötticher introduced the world to his alter-ego of Kuttel Daddeldu, the drunken sailor, adventuring dervish-like in port towns, while writing sweet things to his girl back home. The vertiginous illustration by Margarete Wels, which fills both cover and title page, manages to capture the mad dawn of the Weimar Era; Bötticher would himself perform stand-up for numerous cabarets, with his paintings eventually judged degenerate by the Nazis. Until now, it appears that only a single, self-published attempt has been made to translate this work into English.
Of this first printing, we discovered OCLC records at Harvard, Texas A&M, Berkeley, and the British Library, with two copies reporting in Germany.
Making artificial limbs for crippled soldiers of our Allies.  Washington, DC, circa 1917. 
Ferrotyped silver gelatin print (21 x 26 cm), with two typescript captions affixed to verso.
The two supplied captions read: "The greatest plant in the world for the manufacture of artificial limbs is located in Washington, DC. Hundreds of 'new' legs and arms are turned out daily for the use of the soldiers crippled on the battlefields of France. The plant is owned by the Hanger Artificial Limb Company which employs two hundred and fifty skilled workmen, many of them cripples, wearing artificial limbs turned out at the factory. The senior member of the firm lost a leg during the Civil War and made himself an artificial leg, thus starting the present big industry. The Hanger Company has been supplying the English, Canadian and French Governments since the start of the War."  And: "A section of the stock room showing shins, thighs, and blocks ready for final shaping. Here are over fifty tiers containing stock enough to make ten thousand limbs."
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