#17 HUMAN SCIENCES: 
miscellany.


Best viewed on a desktop browser.
NO. 17.   "Woe speaks: Go." Another list of recent acquisitions from that rather hard-to-define field of the human sciences. Defined here as a specific set: of advertising, hygiene, pathology, phrenology, sexuality, and war. The science of humans being; because the Cloud forgets.

NEXT.   Prepping for the upcoming Toronto Antiquarian Book Fair at the Art Gallery of Ontario (Nov. 9-11). Complimentary tickets available, which also grant weekend access to the AGO collections.

TERMS.  All items in this catalogue are available for sale. Lots are guaranteed to be collated, described, and delivered to the collector's satisfaction, with reasoned returns accepted within 15 days of receipt. Reciprocal terms are extended to the trade; institutional policies are accommodated (with courtesy). Prices are issued in USD; sold items will be marked as such periodically, or directly upon request. Shipping is charged at cost. Various methods of payment accepted. For acquisitions, please phone (+1) 416-729-7043 or email jason@paperbooks.ca; priority is given to first interest. To receive advance copies of future lists, subscribe to our mailing list. While specific wants are always welcomed, from both new and veteran collectors.
LOT 01  /  ADVERTISING
(MORISON, James)
[A couple of Hygeist attack-style advertisements].
London: British College of Health, 1857–1860.
50 USD
A group of 2 advertisements (23 cm.); disbound from journals, but well-preserved. The first, printed verso-only on yellow paper stock, illustrated with an engraving of the lion-studded facade of the British College of Health at King's Cross. With the lengthy two-columned text featuring a Hygeist manifesto. The second advertisement, printed recto/verso to a violet leaf from the Davenport Dunn Advertiser, remains conjoined to the next leaf and features three "Hygeian illustrations," along with the nine principles of the Morisonian system.

"Because it is entirely owing to poisons that Doctors carry on their monopoly, and keep the nation in a state of disease and the mind in thraldom..." As a medical philosopher, James Morison (1770-1840) argued that that which is essentially human was to be found in the vitality of our blood. And that the medical profession erred greatly—and with malice—in focusing instead on what allowed that blood to move-in-the-world: i.e. the body and its various parts, along with their corresponding diseases. Acting pragmatically, as one the leaders of the anti-Establishment Hygeist movement, Morison assumed a less philosophical stance, helping to perfect a binary visual rhetoric that identified medicine as poison; one which would lead to multiple lawsuits. "N.B. All the Hygeian Illustrations, comprising those treating of the sale and administration of Pharmaceutical Poisons, may be had at the Hygeist Office, 262, Strand."

SOLD
LOT 02  /  ADVERTISING
ANTIKAMNIA CHEMICAL COMPANY
Confidence. Antikamnia tablets for pain and fever, headaches and neuralgias. Dose: two tablets.
St. Louis, 1903.
120 USD
Chromolithograph, printed on thick card stock (18 x 12 cm.), signed within stone by F. E. Getty. Card shows minor edge-wear. Printed to verso: advertising pitch, a table of recommended dosages for various ailments, and drug pricing.

The Anitkamia Chemical Company is best known for the turn-of-the-century "skeleton calendars" that it produced to promote its anti-pain medicine. The talented illustrator of those calendars, Dr. Louis Crusius, would die suddenly in 1898, but the Company would continue to push the envelope in the ensuing years, in terms of the sophistication of their advertisements. Here, in 1903, they sought to associate their wonder pill with the iconography of faith. To the verso, recommended dosages for a variety of ailments, including headache, hiccough and sour stomach, nervousness, shopper's or sightseer's headache, women's pains, and worry. Less than seven years later a shipment of pills was seized by U.S. Marshals for violating the Pure Food and Drug Act.

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LOT 03  /  ADVERTISING
HANCE BROTHERS & WHITE
Phénol sodique. Within reach of "all hands." The greatest home remedy for all kinds of accidents.
Philadelphia, circa 1907.
50 USD
Illustrated card-stock (21 x 17 cm.), printed in orange and gray, stapled to slotted wooden handle to compose promotional fan. With product pitch to verso. Crease to upper left corner, along with modest surface wear.

From a report published in the journal of the American Medical Association (November 1907): "No antiseptic, whatever its composition, could by any possibility accomplish anything like what is claimed for Phenol Sodique, so that the composition of the article is really of little importance. This is evidently appreciated by the manufacturers, for they have kept the composition a profound secret, except in so far as it is implied in the name... But this matter has a serious, as well as a ludicrous, side: What is the proper epithet to apply to those who, knowingly and intentionally impress on the ignorant lay public that one can with impunity expose himself to smallpox, cholera, typhoid or scarlet fever, or measles, by taking a few drops of very dilute carbolic acid, or by sprinkling a little on sawdust? What must be the consequences to those who trust in these assurances? And what should be the lawful penalty for those whose blunted moral instincts permit them wilfully to endanger the lives of others for a little financial gain? It would be interesting to know the real opinion of the responsible members of the firm of Hance Bros. & White on these questions."

SOLD
LOT 04  /  ADVERTISING
VINCENT, René (illustrator)
De l'air pur!
[Paris]: Comité National de Défense contre la Tuberculose, 1931.
50 USD

Window label (measuring 170 x 118 mm.), reproducing seal design by René Vincent. Preserved in Near fine condition, with slight remnants of adhesive to verso.

The anti-tuberculosis stamp campaign that would eventually transform into the fund-raising genre of "Christmas seals" was first introduced by the Danish postal service in 1904. Although the model wouldn't be embraced in France until 1927, the resulting Comité National de Défense contre la Tuberculose would adopt a relatively unique approach: taking the opportunity not only to raise funds, but also to advertise the various virtues of prevention; a visual strategy rendered more effective by the use of school systems for distribution. Here, in 1931, celebrated Art Deco illustrator René Vincent would visualize the virtue of fresh air, with a composition rendered luminous in this over-sized label, intended to be affixed to a contributor's window—as something of a clever verso to the medieval plague cross.

SOLD
LOT 05  /  ADVERTISING
WILQUIN, André (illustrator)
Le dispensaire. Achetez tous le nouveau Timbre Antituberculeux
[Paris]: Comité National de Défense contre la Tuberculose, [1952].
175 USD

Broadside (40 x 27 cm.), printed on thin paper stock. Wilquin's idiosyncratic signature within image. With very minor creasing to top corner; otherwise Near fine.

In 1952, the annual theme for the Comité National de Défense contre la Tuberculose had shifted to institutional virtue, with a focus on the French model of the "dispensaire," first conceived by Albert Calmette in 1901, with an emphasis on social hygiene and prevention. Here: a broadside promoting the new campaign, from the prolific poster artist André Wilquin (cf. next lot).

SOLD
LOT 06  /  ADVERTISING
WILQUIN, André
Jeunes gens, jeunes filles, devenez secouristes de la Croix-Rouge Française.
[Paris], circa 1939.
350 USD

Original illustration art; pencil and gouache on thick paper (38 x 25 cm.), with minimal foxing. With additional text supplied in pencil to lower portion: "Sachez donner les premiers soins en cas d'urgence. 10 cours et exercices pratiques sanctionnés par un certificat." Minor surface wear, with faint creases from earlier fold. With Wilquin's idiosyncratic signature to top corner in pencil.

From tuberculosis to the Germans; another social hygiene design from André Wilquin. While the French Red Cross issued similarly-titled posters throughout WWII, to promote its first-aid training courses for civilians, it's unclear whether this design was ultimately executed. This maquette issues directly from the estate of Wilquin, who was granted a retrospective exhibition at Paris' Bibliothèque Forney in 1991 in honour of his diverse advertising oeuvre.

SOLD
LOT 07  / ADVERTISING
VARIOUS FIRMS
[A group of 4 well-designed pharmaceutical advertisements].
Northern Italy, circa 1956-1966.
75 USD

With two richly-coloured circulars from Milan's Laboratorio Bioterapico Milanese, with product pitches to versos, along with typescript mailing addresses: (1) Dermovit: sicura difesa nelle protratte esposizioni alla luce solare, 1956 (24 x 17 cm.); and (2) Ferro-complex: rigeneratore e psichergizzante anche dell'età scolare, undated (27 x 20 cm.). Along with circulars for two women's hygiene products: (3) Topico Giusto per le ragadi del seno! Genova: Laboratorio Farmaceutico Giusto. Handbill (19 x 11 cm.), with colour illustration by Zambelli and product pitch to verso; and (4) Neolide: per l'igiene intima della donna. Milano: Laboratori Farmaceutici Maestretti. Die-cut bifolium (12 x 17 cm.), simulating product packaging, with two pill containers to interior of pinkish box.
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LOT 08  /  HYGIENE
RUSCA, Ernesto
Istruzione intorno al regime di vita onde preservarsi dall'epidemia emeto-catartica ossia cholera e sul modo di assistere coloro che ne venissero attaccati.
Milano: Tipografia di Paolo Andrea Molina, 1832.
150 USD

Brown wrappers, with titles set in decorative border; some minor discolouration. With price of 75 austr. cent. printed to verso. Contents: 35, [1] pages.

Attempting to counter the hysteria surrounding the second cholera epidemic, which had hit London and Paris by 1832, Rusca calms his reader with the neutrality of statistics, showing that some cities had reported an infection rate of only 1/200 citizens. With the rationality of a social hygiene framework, Rusca thus recommends a "regime of living" to mitigate the epidemic's spread, including cleanliness, sobriety, and "tranquility of spirit." The second section of the treatise recommends actions that could be taken to help those who had already been stricken. With 4 OCLC records discovered; only one in North America (Brigham Young).

SOLD
LOT 09  /  HYGIENE
HOHENSTEIN, Adolfo
Esposizione d'igiene... Napoli, Aprile-Ottobre, 1900.  
[Milan: G. Ricordi & Cie., circa 1914].
450 USD
A vivid lithograph (270 x 136 mm.), printed on well-coated stock, with wide margins and shimmering gilt. Crease to upper right margin and short edge-tear to bottom right; neither affecting print. Preserved in archival mat and placed in complimentary gilt frame.

Originally choosing to develop in-house lithographic capacities in the 1870s—with the intention of rendering its sheet music business more profitable—the Milanese publishing firm of G. Ricordi would soon become the leading Italian poster house, creating iconic campaigns for companies such as Campari and Corriere della Sera. The most significant event in this development was the ascent of Russian-born, Austrian-raised Adolfo Hohenstein to the firm's Art Director; Hohenstein eventually being recognized as the master of Stile Liberty, the Italian form of Art Nouveau. Here we find Hohenstein producing an incredibly seductive, Eden-like design for the 1900 Hygiene Exposition in Naples, which originally measured an astounding 220 x 115 cm. This print issues from the commemorative portfolio produced by Ricordi from seventy of its most significant posters (1895 to 1914), re-issued in reduced size; an essentially archival set which has itself become quite scarce.

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LOT 10  /  HYGIENE
DEUTSCHES HYGIENE-MUSEUM. ABTEILUNG LEHRMITTEL
[A general catalogue of hygienic teaching materials].
Dresden: Aktiengesellschaft für hygienischen Lehrbedarf, circa 1925.
450 USD
Contents brad-bound into custom green binder (33 cm.), with white-stamped design featuring the logo of Dresden's pioneering Hygiene-Museum; faded and scuffed, with some tape repairs to versos of covers and short edge-tears. With 13 leaves of price-lists, illustrated by 19 black-and-white plates (mostly 32 x 24 cm.) reproducing 130 examples of teaching-aids, mostly posters. With a handful of contemporary manuscript annotations adjusting prices.

From the teaching-aids department of the pioneering Hygiene Museum in Dresden, which blossomed in the early era of information visualization. This general catalogue provides reproductions of the 130 items that could be purchased from them by exhibition curators and school teachers, on the hygienic themes of sexuality and STIs, nutrition, physiology, infant care, tuberculosis, workers' safety, and responsible alcohol consumption. Also included: a priced list of specimens available from Werner Spalteholz, one of the founders of the Museum, who had innovated the proto-Body Worlds method for making human tissue transparent; his organ specimens first being displayed at the pioneering International Hygiene Exposition of 1911.

SOLD
LOT 11  / PATHOLOGY
FELICI, G. M. de
Cenni di una nuova idea sulla natura del tessuto cellulare.
Pavia: Pietro Bizzoni, 1817.
150 USD

Sewn pamphlet, with original plain wrappers (22 cm.). Contents of 18 pages, followed by blank leaf; well-preserved.

Of this shining example of the "pathological doctrine" that was then-developing in Italy, a reviewer for the London Medical and Physical Journal would write: "the observations contained in this little pamphlet being almost the only ones of importance relating to the structure of the elementary tissues that have been advanced since the time of Bichat." Here, decades before Schleiden and Virchow would tip-the-scales in our understanding of the cellular nature of Life, de Felici would leverage his position as Demonstrator and Conservator of the Collection of Pathological and Comparative Anatomy at the University of Pavia to revisit notions about the reticular nature of cellular tissue. Old speculations reconsidered amidst the gaze of mercury-injected specimens. Camillo Golgi would come to study medicine at Pavia not long after. With only 4 OCLC records discovered; one in North America (NLM).

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LOT 12  / PATHOLOGY 
ROYAL COLLEGE OF SURGEONS OF EDINBURGH;  (BELL, Sir Charles)
Catalogue of the Museum of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh. Part I. Comprehending the preparations illustrative of pathology.
Edinburgh: Printed by Neill and Company, 1836.
Presentation copy. All published.

150 USD

Linen boards (21 cm. tall), with blind stamp of Aberdeen University Library to front panel and manuscript call number to spine. Save for Library bookplate to front pastedown (cancel-stamped), no additional library treatments. Presentation inscription to title page. Split to front hinge; loose, but holding. Contents: [xii], 369, [1] pages, with some gatherings unopened.

"2729. XXXIV. D. Cast of a foetus having the bones of the head deficient, and the brain projecting in the form of a large lobulated tumour."  A fascinating catalogue of 3009 pathological specimens (both injuries and diseases), as gathered together by the Royal College of Surgeons at Edinburgh, including hundreds acquired from the collection of Sir Charles Bell. Being the foundation for today's Wohl Pathology Museum. This copy was gifted by the Museum to the Aberdeen University Library, extending its pathological aura. With 5 OCLC records discovered in North America; none in Canada.

SOLD
LOT 13  / PATHOLOGY 
THOMSON, William
Letter to the Fellows of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Edinburgh: respecting the proposal to abolish the Chair of General Pathology in the University.
Edinburgh: MacLachlan & Stewart, 1837.
Presentation copy.

150 USD

Later binding, with pamphlet brass-fastened into card-stock wrappers (23 cm.); original wrappers not preserved. Contents remain fresh, with minor foxing to edges. With first gathering present in duplicate; the first featuring a presentation inscription to title page: "Dr. Keith. With the author's respects." Contents: 41, [1] pages.

Following an 1831 Royal Commission, John Thomson was named the first Chair of General Pathology at the University of Edinburgh; keeping pace with international developments in medical education: disease was to be interrogated as a thing unto itself. Six years later, himself in ill health, Thomson sought to pass the Chair over to his son William. In response, rivals in the Medical Faculty argued for the abolition of the Pathology Chair altogether; the pathological could be taught through the subsections of various syllabi. Thus this pamphlet, with which William Thomson made his claim for his father's Chair, arguing for the necessity of General Pathology as an independent institution of Medicine, along logical, pedagogical, and pragmatic grounds. With only 6 OCLC records discovered; none of those in North America; this copy gifted by Thomson to one Dr. Keith.

SOLD
LOT 14  / PATHOLOGY 
MILAZZO, Salvatore
Felice estirpazione di un testicolo per voluminoso tumore encifaloide.
Catania, Sicily: Stampiera di Pietro Giuntini, 1851.
100 USD

Printed wrappers (19 cm.), with titles set within ornamental border. Some foxing and worming to wrappers; minor damp-staining to pages. Contents: [11], 8 pages, followed by errata leaf, with contemporary notes to verso.

Professor of Medicine and Surgery at the University of Catania, Milazzo begins this report with a virtual paean to pathological anatomy, "à diradato quella nebbia che offuscava la mente degli antichi chirurgi." As an example of the activity afforded by the insights of specific pathology, Milazzo then recounts the surgical case of 19 year-old Giuseppe Costa, who first presented with an engorged right testicle and was soon thereafter an early survivor of testicular cancer. With no OCLC records discovered and only a single record reporting in SBN (Catania).

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LOT 15  /  PATHOLOGY 
CRIMOTEL, [J. B. Valentin]
Electricité, Galvanisme, et magnetisme appliqués aux maladies nerveuses et chroniques.
Paris: Chez l'auteur et... J.-B. Baillière, circa 1853.

150 USD

Tan printed wrappers (23 cm.), with some stress and chipping to spine. Contents of 112 pages, followed by [16] pages of publishers' advertisements. Gatherings remain unopened.

A treatise on the nervous system; as moral organ and electrical medium. With corresponding proposals to treat a wide range of its pathologies via galvanic currents; a decidedly more philosophical vision of "shock therapy," from the same author who proposed an infallible method to discern "certain death"—and thus avoid premature burials—as advertised to rear wrapper. Bound to rear: a remarkable 16 pages of prospectuses from H. Baillière, the London publisher most closely associated with Dr. John Elliotson's mesmeric campaigns. With only 5 OCLC records discovered; two in North America (MIT and Bakken).

SOLD
LOT 16  /  PATHOLOGY 
BASSOE, Peter (editor)
Nervous and mental diseases. [Group of seven annuals from] The practical medicine series: comprising ten volumes on the year's progress in medicine and surgery.
Chicago: The Year Book Publishers, 1911-1933.

250 USD

Seven distinct volumes; all Near Fine. Cloth-bound boards (19 cm.), with blind-stamp designs to panels and gilt lettering to spines. Years covered: 1910, 1914, 1920, 19224, 1926, 1930, and 1932; the final volume re-titled Neuro-psychiatry year book and accompanied by loose prospectus. Contents ranging between 230-488 pages, most well-illustrated with black-and-white plates (ranging from 12-30).

A fascinating panorama of the developing fields of neurology and psychiatry, from just before the Great War and into its Weimar period. Each of these volumes were edited, in whole or in part, by Chicago neurologist Peter Bassoe, who sought to report upon the most noteworthy developments from the previous year in regards to the study of nervous and psychiatric diseases. Recorded in these pages: the ebbs and flows of psychoanalysis, the progress in exploring the neuroanatomy of the brain and spinal cord, and the emergence, classification, and treatment of war neuroses and traumas.

SOLD
LOT 17  /  PHRENOLOGY 
SPURZHEIM, Johann Gaspar
The physiognomical system of Drs. Gall and Spurzheim; founded on an anatomical and physiological examination of the nervous system in general, and of the brain in particular; and indicating the dispositions and manifestations of the Mind... Being at the same time a book of reference for Dr. Spurzheim's demonstrative lectures.
London: Printed for Baldwin, Cradock, and Joy [and William Blackwood in Edinburgh], 1815.
First edition.

750 USD

Contemporary full diced leather boards (24 cm.), with bright gilt tooling to borders of both front and rear panels. Some general scuffing to boards, with moderate rubbing to joints. With gilt titles to leather spine label, reading "Spurzheim's physiognomical system;" gilt embellishments to remaining six compartments. Marbled edges to textblock, complemented with marbled endpapers. Contents illustrated with frontispiece and an additional 18 plates, affected by typical foxing; xviii, 571, [1] pages.

Printed by Baldwin in London, this work was produced as complement to Spurzheim's pioneering British lecture tour of 1815, constituting the first publication of the phrenological system in English, as well as the first appearance of the phrenological bust, being one of Spurzheim's innovations on Gall, who preferred the visual rhetoric of skulls. This first edition, undoubtedly produced in rather hurried fashion, is much scarcer than the revised edition that was published later in the same year, with significant variants between the two. With only 5 OCLC records discovered for this particular edition; one in Canada (McMaster).

SOLD
LOT 18  /  PHRENOLOGY 
ELLIOTSON, John and J. Fred. BLUMENBACH
The elements of physiology... translated from the Latin of the fourth and last edition, and supplied with copious notes, by John Elliotson, M.D.
London: Printed for Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, and Green, 1828.
Fourth edition; revised to correspond with new edition of original Latin text.

250 USD

Rebound in modern cloth boards (24 cm.), with gilt-lettered leather label to spine. With ownership inscription to half-title and two instances of contemporary pencil marginalia. Some toning to pages. Contents: xvi, 582 pages; illustrated with a handful of cuts. With short obituary clipping for Elliotson (The Times, August 6, 1868) affixed to end of Dedication: "The funeral, at his own express desire, was conducted in the quietest manner possible. Had any public intimation been given, hundreds of those who had been the recipients of his benevolence and the subjects of his skill would have flocked to pay their last tribute of regard to one so noble, great, and good."

In 1815, eager to contribute to his new profession, a 24 year-old John Elliotson translated the veritable bible of physiology—Johann Friedrich Blumenbach's Institutiones physiologicae—from Latin to English. He would eventually publish five editions of the work, augmenting and revising each with copious notes. Elliotson was also one of the founding members of the Phrenological Society of London (est. 1823); and his fervour is quite evident here in this fourth edition, as he provides 26 pages of phrenological "notes" to explicate a mere 11 pages of Blumenbach's text on the functions of the nervous system.

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LOT 19  /  PHRENOLOGY 
BESSIÈRES, G.-L.
Nouvelles considerations sur les affections nerveuses de l'organe de la vue, confondues par les auteurs sous le nom générique d'amaurose.
Paris: Chez Germer-Baillière, 1838.
150 USD

Thin printed wrappers (23 cm.), with minor creasing. Contents: 31, [1] pages; gatherings un-opened. Illustrated with fold-out synoptic chart summarizing a variety of nervous diseases affecting vision.

An early example of phrenology's influence on the development of neurology, often-times overlooked by anachronistic references to "pseudo-science" or "quack medicine." Following upon his 1836 work (Introduction a l'etude philosophique de la phrénologie et nouvelle classification des facultés cérébrales), Bessières here employs the phrenological doctrine of localized brain function to unravel the visual pathologies that had been otherwise bundled together as "amaurosis." With only 3 OCLC records discovered in North America (NLM, Wisconsin,  and Becker).

SOLD
LOT 20  /  PHRENOLOGY 
GIACOMA, Pietro Marco
Riflessioni sul sistema frenologico del D. Gall e proposta di un craniometro.
Torino: Tipografia Favale, 1836.
1200 USD

Printed wrappers (21 cm.), with minor wear. Text illustrated with statistical tables and large folding plate at rear (46 x 55 cm.), with minor damp-staining to right margin. Contents: 117, [1] pages, followed by [2] pp. index.

From the early phase of Italian phrenology,  the present treatise—the sole publication from Pietro Marco Giacoma, a tutor of philosophy, physics and theology in Turin—defends the system of Gall against prevalent accusations of materialism, fatalism, and atheism. More significantly, Giacoma also used this opportunity to publicize his invention of "il craniometro," for which he received a patent as early as 1826, to provide further objectivity to phrenological readings. The invention is illustrated by an impressive folding plate (imaged above), which also displays the two competing visual representations of the phrenological system (i.e. skull and bust) along with the physiognomical profiles of seven "great men" (including Laurence Sterne, Immanuel Kant, and Francis Bacon). With 4 OCLC records discovered; only one of those in Anglo-American institutions (Yale).

SOLD
LOT 21  /  PHRENOLOGY 
MOLOSSI, Pietro
Studji frenologici di Pietro Molossi. Parte polemica / Analisi critica dell'opera del Sig. Fr. Lélut intitolata Rejet de l'organologie phrénologique de Gall et de ses successeurs. Continuazione della parte polemica.
Milano: Tipografia Guglielmini e Redaelli, 1840 / Ronchetti e Ferreri, 1844.
600 USD

Two works, rebound as one; faded cloth boards (21 cm.). With gilt titles to spine, including owner's monogram. Both works feature contemporary ownership label of professor and surgeon Domenico Pantoli, with the later ownership stamps of A. Bellocchi to half-title and title pages. The first work (1840) being 214 pages, followed by errata leaf. Illustrated with a number of summary tables, including two leaves comparing the psychological systems of Hutcheson (1740) vs. Gall (1810) and Reid (1780) vs. Spurzheim (1830). Moderate foxing to first dozen pages of text. Second work (1844) with contents of viii, 310 pages; minimal foxing. Well-illustrated, with 5 engraved plates; presumed complete, with OCLC records for European copies failing to enumerate illustrations.

In a letter to the editor of a contemporary phrenological journal, the Milanese doctor Pietro Molossi insisted upon the dawn of an Italian phase of phrenology (which arguably found its terminus in the criminology of Lombroso): "If you wish to be just, you will acknowledge that in some parts of Italy, Phrenology is in high esteem and that not a few studious men begin to appreciate and cultivate it in defiance of your vulgar prejudices." Molossi most certainly included himself amongst this group, and hence the "cultivating" function of the two polemical works bound-together here, with the first structured in a question-and-answer format and illustrated with concise summary tables comparing Gall and Spurzheim's theories against the previous epistemological systems of Hutcheson and Reid. NB: the fifth plate of the second work is particularly striking (cf. above), as it leverages the visuality of the bust to provide a comparative view of classical, Renaissance, and modern (i.e. phrenological) systems of Mind. With only a single OCLC record discovered for the 1840 work in North America (Harvard); none for the second.

SOLD
LOT 22  /  PHRENOLOGY 
WOOD, Joseph Thomas
The phrenological chart. Classification of the organs.
London: J. T. Wood, 9 Currier's Hall, circa 1841.
120 USD

Engraving on glossy card stock (114 x 150 mm.), with minor creasing to corners and some discolouration to edges.

While J. T. Wood's "enamelled cards" are best remembered for representing touristic views of London, it appears that he also tried his hand at other popular subjects at this early stage of his career. In addition to 35 enumerated phrenological faculties, this visual summary of the system provides the typically-British classification of temperaments, as inherited from the classical system of humors: the lymphatic, the sanguine, the bilious, and the nervous. With no comparable OCLC records discovered.

SOLD
LOT 23  /  SEXUALITY 
TABER, C. Wilbur
Suggestion: the secret of sex.
Chicago: Charles H. Kerr & Company, 1899.
150 USD

Green cloth boards (20 cm.), with gilt lettering to front panel and spine. Slight abrasion mid-spine. With a nine-facultied alternative to the phrenological bust affixed to front pastedown. Contents illustrated by photographic frontispiece of Taber; 96 pages, followed by [2] pp. advertisement for the National School of Neuropathy and Psycho-Magnetic Healing.

An outrageous late-nineteenth century take on the question of sex assignment. C. Wilbur Taber—the Secretary of the National School of Neuropathy and Psycho-Magnetic Healing in Minneapolis—leverages a materialist understanding of hypnotic suggestion to argue that acts of volition can impress a particular sex (male/female) on the future child: "When we fully understand the physiological action of impressions, thoughts, or suggestions, and realize the intimate relation which exists between the brain and the vital organs of the body through the complex nervous system which unites them, we can readily see how some fright or some sudden hitherto unexperienced condition which confronts the female at the moment of conception or during the period of gestation might also stamp its impress upon the germ of a new life.... Anything which at the moment of procreation may affect the dynamic molecular motion of the original germs or ids may impart an impulse to one of the germs, which will assert its dominance over the vibratory motion of the other germ, and determine the sex of the life which is a result of the union of both germs. The determining impulse may be the vitality possessed by the germ, or the intensity of desire expressed by either parent at the moment of conception." Something of an outlier from the socialist publishing house of Charles H. Kerr.

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LOT 24  /  SEXUALITY 
"LH" (unidentified illustrator)
[Allegorical bookplate of Dr. Arnold Heymann].
Vienna, circa 1906.
100 USD

Engraved bookplate printed on thick stock in black and aqua-blue inks, with captions to margins; total surface measures 13 x 9 cm. Some discolouration to upper portion of print. With artist's monogram ("LH") to lower corner of image.

Almost certainly the bookplate of the same Dr. Arnold Heymann who was involved in physio-psychological research in turn-of-the-century Vienna. Heymann would publish an article in 1906, roughly translating as "Heterotypical feminine pseudo-hermaphroditism," in which he recounted the case of a teenage male athlete who was found to have internal female organs. NB: the position of the peacock in this design, positioned just outside of the gendered mirror apparatus. Lazier bookplates have been struck.

SOLD
LOT 25  /  SEXUALITY 
GIORNI, Secondo
L'arte di non far figli. Neo-Mathusianismo pratico.
Firenze: Societa Editoriale Neo-Malthusiana, 1921.
Seventh edition (first published in 1911).

75 USD

Printed wrappers (19 cm.), printed in red and black, with Neo-Malthusian catalogue to rear wrapper. Illustrated with 16 cuts, including one cancel, with errata illustration tipped-over-top-of Fig. XI. Contents: 94, [2] pages.

Now-notorious for having a negative birth-rate, Italy underwent a neo-Malthusian scandal in the early twentieth-century, centred upon the 1913 prosecution of anarchist Secondo Giorni for the moral indecency of his publication L'arte di non far figli (The art of not having children); the scandal having been central to the formation of the Lega Neo-maltusiana Italiana. Giorni's introduction to the types and uses of contraceptives is here couched predominantly in the language of sexual health. NB: an incredible instance of a cancel illustration, concerning the proper positioning of a "French" diaphragm. For this work, only a single OCLC record (for ebook) discovered in North America (Chicago), for any of its editions.

ON HOLD / INQUIRE
LOT 26  /  SEXUALITY 
THE FAMILY PLANNING ASSOCIATION;  (DENMAN, Baroness Gertrude)
[Brochure promoting the Association's mandate and services].
London, 64 Sloane Street, SW1, 1952.
120 USD

Bifolium (21 cm.), with front panel printed with orange pseudo-funerary borders. Name of Chairman of Executive Committee, Lady Denman, pasted-over with printed ornament. With subscription and donation form to rear panel. Accompanied by 2 loose sheets; the first printed in black to both recto and verso (Maximum safety in contraception), the other printed recto-only in red, listing the Association's seminological, pregnancy diagnosis, contraceptive, and medical-practitioner training services.

First founded in 1930, the National Birth Control Council would strategically change its name to the Family Planning Association in 1939. In this brochure for its mandate and services, the Association adopts the language of "investment," referring back to the 1949 Report of the Royal Commission on Population. Services offered include: condom, fertility, and pregnancy testing and the teaching of contraceptive methods; with a separate sheet comparing the various means of birth control (cap and sheath methods, chemical preparation). NB: the name of Suffragette Lady Denman, printed to the front of the brochure as Chairman, is here curiously pasted-over, two years before her death.

SOLD
LOT 27  /  SEXUALITY 
Munari, Bruno;  BERGSON, Henri
Il Delatore. Numero cinque. I travestiti.
Milano: Edizioni La Cartaccia, 1965.
50 USD

Illustrated textured wrappers (23 cm.), with pen inscription and slight edge tear. Contents well-illustrated in black-and-white; 129 pages, followed by [7] pages of advertisements.

From the final number of this review edited by Bernardo Zapponi; this issue dedicated to the subject of transvestism, with both historical and theoretical contributions from writers such as Henri Bergson, Bruno Munari, and Herbert Pagani, as well as an illustrated census of professional transvestites (15 pp.)

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LOT 28  /  SEXUALITY 
VARINI, Dario
A proposito delle difficolta e delle possibilita di ri-conoscimento della qualità differente e dell'essere comune del maschile e del femminile.
Milano: Renato Varini, 1977.
150 USD

Psychedelic illustrated self-wrappers (31 x 21 cm.), printed in blue. Richly-illustrated contents of 24 pages, printed in various inks; featuring a 4 pp. insert: Prime e dopo: attraversando lo scritto.

Situationist sexuality. "The male and the female should see one another through the light of a new passion, not through the lens of resentment; a vision that is vigorous and strong, graceful and sweet: we are calling for a real com-union." From Dario Varini, a fellow traveler of the Situationists; this treatise on the relations between the sexes in late-capitalism includes reflections on such phenomena as masturbation and beauty, as they have been distorted by the capitalist mode of production. In response, Varini offers an argument for the practice of active/critical love-making, to fight against the ruling sado-masochistic atmosphere. In similar spirit, Varini was also author of Elementi di ri-fondazione della dialettica erotica: la prassi critico-amorosa come reale antitesti della schizofrenia sociale e come radicale ri-trovamento della identità umana (1978). With psychedelic cover illustration by Cenzo Curti, who also illustrates the text along with Paolo de Maestri. With single OCLC record discovered (Yale); only one record in SBN (Pavia).

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LOT 29  /  SEXUALITY 
LEDERER, ROBERT and Nathaniel S. LEHRMAN
The AIDS pandemic: theories as to origin, therapies, and implications of AIDS.
Washington: CovertAction Information Bulletin, circa 1990.
100 USD

Legal-sized sheets; corner-stapled. Front cover illustrated with image of grim reaper. Followed by 41, [1] pages of text, printed recto and verso; a few examples of clip-art.

A compilation issued by CovertAction, the group co-founded by former CIA agent Philip Agee in 1978; attempting to address the various conspiracy theories surrounding the origin and spread of AIDS. With heavy focus on the potential involvement of the American government, via their Chemical and Biological Warfare (CBW) programs. With three main texts previously issued in the 1987 Summer issue of the group's  Information Bulletin: "Origin and spread of AIDS: is the West responsible?" by Robert Lederer (19 pp.), "Is AIDS non-infectious? The possibility and its CBW implications," by Dr. Nathaniel S. Lehrman (7 pp.), and "Precedents for AIDS? Chemical-biological warfare, medical experiments, and population control," also by Lederer (8 pp.). Also included: a number of un-attributed sidebar texts, including: "AIDS: the medical facts," "U.S. reaction to AIDS: malign neglect and social repression," "Resource list," "AIDS: the human toll," "Smallpox vaccine and AIDS: government/media coverup?," "Lyndon LaRouche and the AIDS theorists," and "Media coverage of AIDS-CBW charges." With single OCLC record discovered (Michigan).

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LOT 30  /  WAR
UNITED STATES ARMY—CHEMICAL WARFARE SCHOOL
[Group of materials relating to the curriculum of the Chemical Warfare School].
[Edgewood, Maryland], 1943-1944.
350 USD

This group comprises four distinct documents, separately stapled, being: (1) Suggested program for a Division School in defense against chemical attack, issued by the Headquarters of the Third Army, Office of the Commanding General, with cover letter signed-off by Alan W. Hall, Asst. Adj. General (Jan. 6, 1943) and followed by 20 pages of typescript-copy, with final page reproducing diagram for training drill; (2) Schedule, thirty-first officer candidate course, 28 Aug. 1944 - 23 Dec. 1944 (Edgewood Arsenal, Maryland), being 39, [1] typescript-copy pages, signed-off by Douglas E. Wilson, Captain of the Chemical Warfare School; (3) Officer candidate course: instruction circular no. 3 (Sept. 1944), being 28 typescript-copy pages, organized into XIII sections describing the nature of the 17-week course curriculum; and (4) Training guide—Chemical Warfare. For enlisted men, as issued by the Third Chemical Warfare Service Training Battalion, Edgewood Arsenal, Maryland (undated), being 15, [1] typescript-copy pages, mainly organized into question-and-answer format. In general: paper browning, but stable.

These documents provide a window into the development and curriculum of a 17 week course for chemical officer candidates, who were to be commissioned as second lieutenants in the US Army. The course was to offer units on both chemical (93 hrs) and non-chemical matters, such as camouflage (13 hrs) and booby-trapping (4 hrs).

SOLD
LOT 31  /  WAR
MOORE, Merrill
[Correspondence regarding poetic treatment for shell-shock].
[New Zealand], 1943.
75 USD

Typescript letter of five lines on Washington Hospital letterhead, signed by Estelle de Costa, Secretary to Major Merrill Moore. Accompanied by newspaper clipping from New Zealand (being subject of letter).

Once a member of the Fugitives group of poets from Vanderbilt, Merrill Moore would train as a psychiatrist and occupy a number of high-ranking medical positions in the Pacific theatre of WWII. Through his Boston Secretary, Moore reports back to Dr. Clarence B. Farrar—himself an expert on war trauma and neuroses—regarding his success with treating victims of shell-shock with conchology. From the attached newspaper clipping (entitled "N.Z. shells cure shellshock. Psychotherapy using nature"): "When I came to the Wellington district I brought nearly a barrel load of shells with me, and these are all distributed amongst patients here. You would be surprised how much they appreciate them. Surgical cases after operation enjoy having shells to look at and listen to, and men who have arm injuries like to have a shell to grip and squeeze. They use it to re-educate and exercise their fingers. Some of the men develop a scientific interest in them, and others become interested from the artistic point of view. Still others are interested from the hand-craft angle, at which some become highly proficient."

SOLD
LOT 32  /  WAR
HIERS, Marion Manning
The quest for "red" corpuscle: a fantasy.
Orangeburg, South Carolina: Orin Ross Yost, M.D. / [Edgewood Sanatorium], 1949.
100 USD

Illustrated boards (21 cm.), printed in colour. With publisher's presentation inscription to front endpaper and psychiatrist's bookplate to front pastedown. Contents: [32] pages, illustrated with 9 drawings by John Wannamaker.

"There were no frontiers left in America. These were not pioneer days, but post-war days instead. Days following that second world conflagration when he, an illustrious descendant of the Betheas of South Carolina and the De Farallons of Virginia, had returned from that memorable campaign on Okinawa, broken in spirit and a fit subject for a mental institution."  Privately-printed for Dr. Orin Ross Yost, founder of the Edgewood Sanatorium in Orangeburg, South Carolina, this time-travel fantasy follows the adventures of Major Gaspar, who believes himself to be the one who dropped the bomb on Hiroshima, as he attempts to recover from his diagnosis of paranoid schizophrenia. Responding to the Psychiatrist-in-Chief's promise to release Gaspar by Christmas should his hemoglobin count rise sufficiently, Gaspar pursues a mythical "red" corpuscle through time and space, riding atop an atomic-beam-fuelled magic mushroom named Bikini, as guided by a Mage who communicates with him by writing with isotopes in the sky. Along the way, Gaspar meets Socrates, Samson, Robert E. Lee, and Amos and Andy—before finding just what he was looking for in the tonic rhythms of his sanatorium. According to the Free Lance-Star of Fredericksburg, VA, Marion Manning Hiers (this fantasy's author) "looks like a sweet and soft-spoken grandmother... [but] has a background that boasts five degrees, with graduate studies at Duke, North Carolina, Harvard, and Yale, with postdoctoral work at Rutgers and Trenton State College. At one time she was a ghostwriter for the medical director of a private sanatorium in the South." With only 7 OCLC copies discovered in the United States.

SOLD
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