The European Commission more multinational than before
The staff of the so-called cabinets of the European Commission are more multinational than before. This may lead to decisions less influenced by each commmissioner's national background, Morten Egeberg and Andreas Heskestad write in a recent article in Journal of Common Market Studies. This goes against the standard portrayal that commissioners have only employed advisors form their home country in these cabinet groups and that they have been used as a tool for member state interest in the supposedly supranational Commisson.
Towards one European order
National bureaucracies in Europe are increasingly linked to the EU bureacracy, Jarle Trondal argues in his new book 'Emergent European Executive Order'. Consequently, national bureaucrats are more loyal to the EU-system than before.
Member state and European bureaucracy are to a larger extent working as one system, Trondal says in the book recently published by Oxford University Press. This is indicated by the extended use of national experts in the Commission, the existence of more agencies with regulative powers, and the fact that committees in which national bureaucrats and EU bureaucrats work side by side are increasingly common.
Previous literature on the subject has treated these two levels separately. - I wish to analyse this system as one, Trondal says.
EU Maritime Policy: Rights trump economic interests
In a new article in Journal of European Public Policy, Marianne Riddervold argues that protection of human rights, rather than economic gains, has been a key motivation for EU in establishing high standards in international shipping. Her article 'A matter of principle?' contributes to the debate on the role of norms in European Union (EU) foreign policy by looking at EU policies in the making of a Consolidated Maritime Labour Convention (MLC).
Our government agencies are becoming increasingly independent. They use their freedom to create closer ties with The European Union and sister organisations in other nation states, concludes Maria Martens PhD dissertation.
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Political outcomes are increasingly settled by the time when the matters reach the European Union's decision-making bodies, concludes Anne Elizabeth Stie in her PhD dissertation.
– The EU's co-decision procedure has many democratic qualities, but the informal trialogue meetings which take place alongside the procedure are detrimental to EU democracy, says Stie.
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